|Look up Eleanor in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
|Pronunciation||/ - /,|
|Region of origin||France (Aquitaine?)|
|Variant form(s)||Eléanor, Elenore, Eleonora, Éléonore, Elinor, Elinore, Ellinore, Elynor, etc.|
|Nickname(s)||Nora, Ella, Ellie, Elle, El, Nell, Nellie|
Eleanor (usually pronounced // in North America but // elsewhere[clarification needed]) is a feminine given name, originally from a Franco-Provençal name Aliénor. It is the name of a number of women of the high nobility in western Europe during the High Middle Ages.
In modern times, the name was popular in the United States in the 1910s to 1920s, peaking at rank 25 in 1920. It declined below 600 by the 1970s, again rose to rank 32 in the 2010s.
The origin of the name is somewhat unclear; one of the earliest bearers appears to be Eleanor of Aquitaine (1120s–1204). She was the daughter of Aénor de Châtellerault, and it has been suggested that having been baptized Aenor after her mother, she was called alia Aenor, i.e. "the other Aenor" in childhood and would have kept that name in adult life. The name Aénor itself may be a Latinization of an unknown Germanic name.
Eleanor of Aquitaine, the most powerful woman in 12th century Europe, was certainly the reason for the name's later popularity. However, the name's origin with her, and the explanation of alia Aenor is uncertain; there are records of possible bearers of the name Alienor earlier in the 12th, or even in the 11th or 10th centuries, but the records of these women post-date Eleanor of Aquitaine, at a time when Alienor had come to be seen as an equivalent variant of the name Aenor (so that presumably, these women during their own lifetime used the given name Aenor):
- Alienor, the wife (married 935) of Aimery II, Viscount of Thouars, and mother of Herbert I (born 960).
- Alienor, the grandmother of Aénor of Châtellerault, and thus Eleanor of Aquitaine's own great-grandmother, born c. 1050 as a daughter of Aimery IV of Thouars. Her name is also recorded as Ainora, and may have been corrupted to Alienor in genealogies only after the 12th century.
- Eleanor of Normandy, aunt of William the Conqueror, was so named by the 17th-century genealogist Pierre de Guibours, but de Guibours' sources for this remain unknown and the application of this name may be a mistake of his.
- Eleanor of Champagne (1102–1147), in 1125 became the first wife of Ralph I, Count of Vermandois, who was displaced by Eleanor of Aquitaine's sister Petronilla of Aquitaine, leading to a war (1142–44) in Champagne.
- Eleanor of Normandy (b. 1011/1013, d. after 1071), daughter of Richard II of Normandy.
- Eleanor of Aquitaine (ca. 1122–1204), wife of Louis VII of France and Henry II of England, mother of Richard I and King John
- Eleanor of England, Queen of Castile (1161–1214), daughter of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine; wife of Alfonso VIII of Castile
- Eleanor, Fair Maid of Brittany (1184–1241), daughter of Geoffrey, Duke of Brittany
- Eleanor of Castile (1202-1244) (1202–1244), wife of James I of Aragon
- Eleanor of England, Countess of Leicester (1215–1275), daughter of King John of England, wife of Simon de Montfort, 6th Earl of Leicester
- Eleanor of Provence (1222–1291), wife of Henry III of England, mother of Edward I
- Eleanor of Castile (1241–1290), wife of Edward I of England, mother of Edward II
- Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar (1269–1298), daughter of Edward I, betrothed to Alfonso III of Aragon, and wife of Henry III of Bar
- Eleanor of Anjou (1289-1341), daughter of Charles II of Naples and Mary of Hungary, and wife of Frederick III of Sicily
- Eleanor de Clare (1292-1337), granddaughter of Edward I of England and wife of Hugh Despenser the Younger
- Eleanor of Castile (1307-1359) (1307–1359), wife of Alfonso IV of Aragon
- Eleanor of Woodstock (1318–1355), daughter of Edward II, wife of Reynold II, Count of Gelderland
- Eleanor of Arborea (1347 – 1404), Sardinian judge
- Eleanor of Sicily (1349-1375), wife of Peter IV of Aragon
- Leonor Telles de Menezes (1350–1386), wife of Ferdinand I of Portugal
- Eleanor of Castile (d. 1416) (136x–1416), wife of Charles III of Navarre
- Eleanor of Aragon, Queen of Portugal (1402–1445) wife of Edward I of Portugal
- Eleanor of Viseu (1458–1525), wife of John II of Portugal
- Eleanor of Austria (1498–1558), Queen consort of Portugal (1516–1521) and of France (1530–1547)
- Eleanor of Toledo (1522–1562), Spanish noblewoman and Duchess and Regent of Florence (1539)
- John/Eleanor Rykener, a 14th-century transvestite prostitute
- Eleanor Anne Porden (1795–1825), English poet
- Ellinor Aiki (1893–1969), Estonian painter
- Eleanor Audley (1905–1991), American actress
- Eleanor Boardman (1898–1991), American actress
- Eleanor Bodel (born 1948), Swedish singer
- Elinor Glyn (1864–1943), British novelist
- Eleanor Gwynn (known colloquially as "Nell") (1650-1687), Restoration actress and mistress of Charles II of England
- Ulrika Eleonora of Sweden, its reigning queen 1719-1720
- Eleonora, three 17th century Swedish queens consort
- Countess Palatine Eleonora Catherine of Zweibrücken, Swedish princess
- Eleanor Maria Easterbrook Ames (1831-1908), American writer, publisher
- Eleanor Marx (1855–1898), British writer and daughter of Karl Marx
- Eleanor Porter (1868–1920), American novelist
- Eleanor Rathbone (1872–1946), British politician
- Elenore Abbott (1875–1935), American painter and book illustrator
- Elinore Pruitt Stewart (1876–1933), American homesteader in Wyoming and memoirist
- Eleanour Sinclair Rohde (1881-1950), British garden designer
- Eleanor Farjeon (1881–1965), British writer
- Eleanor Roosevelt (1884–1962), First Lady of U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt
- Elinor Wylie (1885–1928), American writer
- Elinor Fair (1903–1957), American actress
- Eleanor Hibbert (1906–1993), British novelist
- Elinor Smith (1911–2010), American aviator
- Eleanor Powell (1912–1982), American tap dancer and actress
- Eleanor Ruggles (1916-2008), American biographer
- Eleanor Parker (1922-2013), American actress
- Eleanor Helin (1932–2009), American astronomer
- Elinor Ostrom (1933–2012), American political scientist and Nobel prize winner
- Elinor Donahue (born 1937), American actress
- Eleanor Duckworth (born 1935), Canadian psychologist and educator
- Eleanor Holmes Norton (born 1937), American politician
- Eleanor Bron (born 1938), British actress and author
- Eleanor Macomber (1801–1840), missionary, teacher
- Eleanor Montgomery (1946–2013), American high jumper
- Eleanor McEvoy (born 1967), Irish musician, singer/songwriter
- Eleanor Friedberger (born 1976), American musician
- Eleonora Dziekiewicz (born 1978), Polish volleyball player
- Eleanor James (born 1986), English actress
- Eleonora "Ellen" van Dijk (born 1987), Dutch road and track cyclist
- Elinor Joseph (born 1991), Israeli soldier
- Eleanor Tomlinson (born 1992), English actress
- Eleonore von Habsburg (born 1994), Austrian model
- Eleanor Laing (born 1958), British politician
- Eleanor Lansing Dulles (1895–1996), American economist and diplomat
- Eleanor Lee (born 1999), Singaporean actress, singer and model
- Eleanor Worthington Cox (born 2001), English actress
- Elleanor Eldridge (1784/85 - ca. 1845), African American/Native American entrepreneur
- Eleanor Smith (born 1957), British politician
- Ellie Reeves (born 1980), British politician
- Eleanor Butterbean, in the television series The Grim Adventures of Billy and Mandy
- Eleanor Douglas, in the 2013 young adult novel Eleanor & Park, written by Rainbow Rowell
- Eleanor "Ellie" Arroway, in the 1985 novel Contact by Carl Sagan
- Eleanor Hume, a main character from the videogame Tales of Berseria
- Eleanor Lamb, one of the main protagonists of BioShock 2 by Irrational Games
- Ellie Nash, in Degrassi: The Next Generation
- Eleanor Savage, love interest, therapeutic friend, and conversational other to protagonist Amory Blaine in F. Scott Fitzgerald's This Side of Paradise
- Eleanor Shellstrop, the protagonist of American fantasy sitcom The Good Place
- Eleanor of Tristain, in the novels and anime The Familiar of Zero
- Eleanora, principal woman's role in Strindberg's 1901 play Easter
- Elenore Baker, supporting character in the anime Madlax
- Eleanor Waldorf, the mother of one of the protagonists, Blair Waldorf, in the TV series Gossip Girl
- Elinor Dashwood, in the 1811 novel Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen
- Eleanor Tilney, in the 1803 novel Northanger Abbey by Jane Austen
- Elinor Tyrell, handmaid to Margaery Tyrell in the A Song of Ice and Fire series.
- Ellie Bishop, in the television series NCIS
- Ellie Woodcomb, in the television series Chuck
- Princess Eleanor Matilda Henstridge, in the television series The Royals
- Eleanor, supporting character in the video game The Walking Dead: A New Frontier
- Elanor Gardner, daughter of Samwise Gamgee in J.R.R Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings
- Eleanor, supporting character in the video game Rule of Rose
- Eleanor Oliphant, protagonist of Eleanor Oliphant is Completely Fine
- Ellenore, guest player character porttraid by Marisha Ray in L.A. by Night
- Eleanor lamb, from bioshock is the daughter of Sofia Lamb and a previous Little Sister in Rapture. Roughly ten years after the 1958 New Year's Eve Riots, she contacts Subject Delta, beginning the events of BioShock 2. Eleanor still remembers Delta after ten years and knows he is searching for her.
- "Elenore," a 1968 song by The Turtles.
- "Eleanor Rigby," a 1966 song by The Beatles.
- "Lady Eleanor," a 1971 song by Lindisfarne.
- "Eleanor Put Your Boots On", a 2006 song by Franz Ferdinand.
- Eleonora cockatoo, a parrot.
- All pages with titles beginning with Eleanor
- All pages with titles beginning with Elinor
- All pages with titles beginning with Elenor
- All pages with titles beginning with Elynor
- behindthename.com (US statistics)
- Charlotte Mary Yonge (1863). History of Christian names, Volume 1. Parker, Son, and Bourn.
- The suggestion of alia Aenor was considered "ridiculous" already by Gilles Ménage in his Histoire De Sable (1683, p. 70).
- "Eleonore de Normandie. The Genealogica Comitum Flandriæ Bertiniana refers to 'filiam secundi Ricardi ducis Normannorum' as wife of 'Balduinum Barbatum' after the death of Ogiva. The Annalista Saxo states that the mother of Judith was cognatione beati Ethmundi regis, without naming her or giving a more precise origin. Guillaume de Jumièges records that Duke Richard and Judith had three daughters, of whom the second (unnamed) married Baudouin de Flandre. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified" (Cawley, Charles, Medieval Lands Project: NORMANDY,DUKES, Medieval Lands database, Foundation for Medieval Genealogy). The first known source giving her name as Eleanor is apparently Pierre de Guibours (died 1694). De Guibours claims to base this on the authority of William of Jumièges, but the information is not actually found there, suggesting that de Guibours drew from another source which has not yet been identified. See George Beech in Brown (ed.) Proceedings of the Battle Conference 1986 (1989), p. 8 fn 29.
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