Eleanor of Lancaster
|Eleanor of Lancaster|
An 18th-century depiction of Eleanor and her second husband, Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel
Countess of Arundel
|Born||11 September 1318|
|Died||11 January 1372
|Burial||Lewes Priory, Sussex|
|Spouse||John de Beaumont, 2nd Baron Beaumont m. 1330; dec. 1342
Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel m. 1344; wid. 1372
|Issue||Henry Beaumont, 3rd Baron Beaumont
Matilda de Courtenay
Richard FitzAlan, 11th Earl of Arundel
John FitzAlan, 1st Baron Arundel
Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury
Joan Fitzalan, Countess of Hereford
Alice Fitzalan, Countess of Kent
Mary Fitzalan, Lady Strange of Blackmere
|Father||Henry, 3rd Earl of Lancaster|
First marriage and issue
Eleanor married first on 6 November 1330 John de Beaumont, 2nd Baron Beaumont (d. 1342), son of Henry Beaumont, 4th Earl of Buchan, 1st Baron Beaumont (c.1288-1340) by his wife Alice Comyn (1289-3 July 1349). He died in a tournament on 14 April 1342. They had one son, born to Eleanor in Ghent whilst serving as lady-in-waiting to Queen Philippa of Hainault:
- Henry Beaumont, 3rd Baron Beaumont, (4 April 1340 – 25 July 1369), the first husband of Lady Margaret de Vere (d. 15 June 1398), the daughter of John de Vere, 7th Earl of Oxford by his wife Maud de Badlesmere. Henry and Margaret had one son, John Beaumont, 4th Baron Beaumont KG (1361-1396).
His previous marriage, to Isabel le Despenser, had taken place when they were children. It was annulled by Papal mandate as she, since her father's attainder and execution, had ceased to be of any importance to him. Pope Clement VI obligingly annulled the marriage, bastardized the issue, and provided a dispensation for his second marriage to the woman with whom he had been living in adultery (the dispensation, dated 4 March 1344/1345, was required because his first and second wives were first cousins).
The children of Eleanor's second marriage were:
- Richard (1346–1397), who succeeded as Earl of Arundel
- John Fitzalan (bef 1349 - 1379)
- Thomas Arundel, Archbishop of Canterbury (c. 1353 - 19 February 1413)
- Lady Joan FitzAlan (1347/1348 - 7 April 1419), married Humphrey de Bohun, 7th Earl of Hereford
- Lady Alice FitzAlan (1350 - 17 March 1416), married Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (Thomas Holand)
- Lady Mary FitzAlan (died 29 August 1396), married John Le Strange, 4th Lord Strange of Blackmere, by whom she had issue
- Lady Eleanor FitzAlan (1356 - before 1366)
Eleanor died at Arundel and was buried at Lewes Priory in Lewes, Sussex, England. Her husband survived her by four years, and was buried beside her; in his will Richard requests to be buried "near to the tomb of Eleanor de Lancaster, my wife; and I desire that my tomb be no higher than hers, that no men at arms, horses, hearse, or other pomp, be used at my funeral, but only five torches...as was about the corpse of my wife, be allowed."
The memorial effigies attributed to Eleanor and her husband Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel in Chichester Cathedral are the subject of the Philip Larkin poem "An Arundel Tomb." (Eleanor and Richard were buried at Lewes Priory.) (See Talk, Distinction needs to be made: Not a "tomb" but a "memorial".)
|Ancestors of Eleanor of Lancaster|
- Fowler, Kenneth. The King's Lieutenant, 1969
- Nicolas, Nicholas Harris. Testamenta Vetusta, 1826.
- Weis, Frederick Lewis, Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists Who Came to America Before 1700, Lines: 17-30, 21-30, 28-33, 97-33, 114-31
- The surname "Plantagenet" has been retrospectively applied to the descendants of Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Empress Matilda without historical justification: it is simply a convenient, if deceptive, method of referring to people who had, in fact, no surname. The first descendant of Geoffrey to use the surname was Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (father of both Edward IV of England and Richard III of England) who apparently assumed it about 1448.
- Burke's Guide to the Royal Family. Burke's Peerage Ltd., London. 1973. p. 196. ISBN 0220662223.
- Calendar of Inquisitions Post Mortem, 1st series, Vol. 12, No. 321.
- also called Richard de Arundel