Eleanor of Scotland

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Eleanor of Scotland
Archduchess consort of Austria
Eleanor stewart 1458 80 daugh hi.jpg
Tenure 1449 - 1480
Born 1433
Died 20 November 1480
Burial Stams
Spouse Sigismund, Archduke of Austria
House Stewart
Father James I of Scotland
Mother Joan Beaufort

Eleanor of Scotland (1433 – Innsbruck 20 November 1480) was a daughter of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort. She was an Archduchess of Austria by marriage and a noted translator.

Early life[edit]

Eleanor was the sixth child of James I of Scotland and Joan Beaufort.[1] James I was known for his great love of literature which he passed on to Eleanor and her sister Margaret.[1]

Starting in 1445, Eleanor lived at the court of Charles VII of France.[2] In 1447, she accompanied Marie of Anjou, Queen of France, on a pilgramage on Mont Saint-Michel.[3]


In 1448 or 1449 the teenage Eleanor married Sigismund (1427–1496), a Habsburg Duke, then Archduke of Further Austria, and finally ruler of Tyrol (from 1446 to 1490).[1][2]

Eleanor served as regent for her husband from 1455 to 1458 and again in 1467.[2]

Heinrich Steinhöwel dedicated his translation of Boccaccio's On Famous Women to Eleanor.


Eleanor was a great lover of books and literate in several languages.[2] She translated The History of the King's Son of Galicia, named Pontus, and the beautiful Sydonia (Pontus and Sidonia) from French to German.[2] The French original passed through several editions between 1480 and 1550.[2]

In addition to translating the work, Eleanor also revised it to increase the political power of women.[2] Only the courts with effective female advisors retained their political stability.[2]

Based on the number of printings, it was a popular book.[2] A copy of the German translation, preserved in the library of Gotha, bears the date 1465.[3]

Eleanor and Elisabeth von Nassau-Saarbrucken are credited with introducing the prose novel to German literature.[2]

Sigismund and Eleanor Statues in Stams


Eleanor died in childbirth with her son Wolfgang on 20 November 1480 and was buried in Stams.[4]



  1. ^ a b c Watanabe, Professor Morimichi (2013-07-28). Nicholas of Cusa – A Companion to his Life and his Times. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 9781409482536. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Schaus, Margaret (2006-01-01). Women and Gender in Medieval Europe: An Encyclopedia. Taylor & Francis. ISBN 9780415969444. 
  3. ^ a b Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland. Society. 1862-01-01. 
  4. ^ "Eleanor of Scotland (1431 - 1480) - Find A Grave Memorial". forums.findagrave.com. Retrieved 2017-01-18. 
  5. ^ McAndrew, Bruce A. (2006). Scotland's Historic Heraldry. Boydell Press. p. 173. ISBN 9781843832614. 
  6. ^ "Person Page 10210". Thepeerage.com. Retrieved 3 October 2012.