Eleazar ha-Kappar (Hebrew: אלעזר הקפר, or אליעזר בן הקפר , read as Eliezer ben ha-Kappar, or אלעזר בן הקפר, read as Eleazar ha-Kappar) was a Jewish rabbi of the fifth and last generation of the Tannaim era. He was a colleague of Judah haNasi, and was in the company of him occasionally. He spent most of his life at ancient Katzrin. He was the father of Bar Kappara, who is sometimes cited by the same name. He had a nephew named Hiyya, who was known for his pleasant voice.
- Jealousy, lust, and ambition put a man out of the world.
- The synagogues and study halls in Babylonia will in the time to come be planted in the Land of Israel.
- Great is peace, for all blessings conclude with peace.
- When wine (whose gematria is 70) enters, a secret (whose gematria is also 70) comes out.
"זה בית מדרשו שהלרבי אליעזר הקפר"
("This is the beit midrash [house of learning] of Rabbi Eliezer ha-Kappar")
Eleazar himself is noted for a saying in praise of humility, which uses as a metaphor the lintel and other parts of a door:
R. Elazar HaKappar says: Do not be like the upper lintel, which a person's hand cannot touch. Nor like the upper bar, which wounds faces [that bang into it]. Nor like the middle bar, which bruises legs [that bang into it]. Rather, be like the bottom threshold, which everyone tramples, but even if eventually the building is destroyed, it remains in place.
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "ELEAZAR (ELIEZER) HA-ḲAPPAR". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls. Its bibliography:
- Bacher, Ag. Tan. ii. 500;
- Heilprin, Seder ha-Dorot, ii., s.v.;
- C. Taylor, Sayings of the Jewish Fathers, 2d ed., pp. 76 et seq.