Election day

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Election day refers to the day when general elections are held. In many countries, general elections are always held on a Sunday, to enable as many voters as possible to participate, while in other countries elections are always held on a weekday. However, some countries, or regions within a country, always make a weekday election day a public holiday, thus satisfying both demands. Many countries permit absentee ballots or early ballots to be cast by mail prior to the election, thereby avoiding the problem altogether.

An election day usually culminates in an election night when the results of the election are tallied and winners are announced.[1]

Election day by country[edit]

Country Region Election day
 Albania Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Argentina South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Austria Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Australia Oceania Held on a Saturday.[2]
 Belgium Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Bolivia South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Brazil South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Bulgaria Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Canada North America Third Monday of October every four years, or after Parliament is dissolved by the Governor General.[3]
 Chile South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Colombia South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Czech Republic Europe Traditionally elections are held starting on a Friday afternoon and ending on Saturday afternoon.[4]
 Cyprus Europe Held on a Saturday.[5]
 Costa Rica South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Croatia Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Denmark Europe Traditionally on Tuesday but occasionally on other days.[6]
 Ecuador South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 El Salvador South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Estonia Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Finland Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 France Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Germany Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Greece Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Hong Kong Asia Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Hungary Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Iceland Europe Held on a Saturday.[citation needed]
 Ireland Europe Typically on a Friday, but precise date set by Minister for Housing, Planning and Local Government.[7]
 Israel Asia By law on the third Tuesday of Cheshvan, but normally held on a different day.[8]
 Italy Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Japan Asia Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Latvia Europe Held on a Saturday.[5]
 Lebanon Asia Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Lithuania Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Luxembourg Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Macedonia Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Malta Europe Held on a Saturday.[5]
 Malaysia Asia Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Mexico North America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Montenegro Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Netherlands Europe Typically on a Wednesday.[citation needed]
 New Zealand Europe Held on a Saturday.[citation needed]
 Nicaragua North America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Norway Europe Monday in early September. Exact date set by the King of Norway.[9]
 Panama North America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Paraguay South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Peru South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Philippines Asia Second Monday in May.[10]
 Poland Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Portugal Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Romania Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Russia Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Serbia Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Singapore Asia Held on a Saturday.[citation needed]
 Slovakia Europe Held on a Saturday.[5]
 Slovenia Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 South Korea Asia Usually a Wednesday. Election day is a national holiday.[11]
 Spain Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Sweden Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
  Switzerland Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Taiwan Asia Held on a Saturday.[12]
 Thailand Asia Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Turkey Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Ukraine Europe Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 United States North America First Tuesday after the first Monday in November.[13]
 Uruguay South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]
 Venezuela South America Held on a Sunday.[citation needed]



Other parliamentary bodies[edit]

Elections in the European Union take place over a period of four days (i.e., Thursday through to Sunday), according to the election days of the EU members states (as listed above). There are some exceptions; as Wednesday was not covered by the available dates, the Netherlands holds elections on Thursday, while Denmark holds elections on Sunday.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graeme Orr, Ritual and Rhythm in Electoral Systems: A Comparative Legal Account (2016), Chapter 10.
  2. ^ "Elections and voting in Australia" (PDF). Museum of Australian Democracy. Retrieved 22 November 2017. 
  3. ^ "Elections Canada". Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  4. ^ "General elections 2017". Radio Prague. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Holding the Election". www.vaalit.fi. Retrieved 23 November 2017. 
  6. ^ Folketignet (January 2011). "The Parliamentary Electoral System in Denmark" (PDF). p. 18. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  7. ^ Ryan, Phillip; Horan, Niamh; O'Connor, Niall (31 Jan 2016). "Six Nations match at the centre of row over election date - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  8. ^ "With full term possible, Netanyahu may outlast Ben-Gurion (and Obama)". The Jerusalem Post. 24 March 2015. 
  9. ^ "The main features of the Norwegian electoral system". Government.no. Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  10. ^ Lazo, Ricardo S. (2009). Philippine governance and the 1987 constitution (2009 ed.; 2nd ed. ed.). Manila, Philippines: Published & distributed by Rex Book Store. p. 161. ISBN 9789712345463. 
  11. ^ Butcher, Luke. "The Effectiveness of Early Voting – A Case Study of the Republic of Korea" (PDF). Retrieved 21 November 2017. 
  12. ^ "Election Day in Taiwan". Retrieved 23 November 2017. 
  13. ^ Montanaro, Domenico (1 November 2016). "Why Do We Vote On Tuesdays?". NPR.org. Retrieved 21 November 2017.