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Election day or polling day is the day on which general elections are held. In many countries, general elections are always held on a Saturday or Sunday, to enable as many voters as possible to participate; while in other countries elections are always held on a weekday. However, some countries, or regions within a country, which hold elections on a weekday declare election day a public holiday. Countries which permit absentee ballots, early ballots or postal votes to be cast by mail before the election avoid the problem altogether by enabling voters to vote on a day that is more convenient to them.
An election day usually culminates in an election night when the results of the election are tallied and winners are announced.
Election day by country
|Argentina||South America||Fourth Sunday of October immediately before the end of the current mandates.|
|Australia||Oceania||Saturday for federal, state and most local elections. Postal and early voting permitted. Some local elections are by postal voting only.|
|Bolivia||South America||Sunday.|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Europe||Sunday.|
|Brazil||South America||First Sunday of October. Runnoffs take place on the last Sunday of the same October.|
|Canada||North America||Third Monday of October every four years, or after Parliament is dissolved by the Governor General.|
|Chile||South America||Sunday.|
|Colombia||South America||Sunday.|
|Czech Republic||Europe||Traditionally elections are held starting on a Friday afternoon and ending on Saturday afternoon.|
|Costa Rica||North America||Sunday.|
|Denmark||Europe||Tuesday is most common, but other days are used frequently.|
|Ecuador||South America||Sunday.|
|El Salvador||North America||Sunday.|
|Hong Kong||Asia||Sunday.|
|India||Asia||Multiple days.|
|Ireland||Europe||Typically on a Friday, but precise date set by Minister for Housing, Planning and Local Government.|
|Israel||Asia||By law on the third Tuesday of Cheshvan, but normally held on a different day. Election day is a holiday in Israel, so people do not have to work.|
|Malaysia||Asia||Traditionally on weekends. In GE 2018, election day is set on Wednesday.|
|Mexico||North America||Sunday.|
|Netherlands||Europe||Typically on a Wednesday.|
|Nicaragua||North America||Sunday.|
|Norway||Europe||Monday in early September. Exact date set by the King of Norway.|
|Panama||North America||Sunday.|
|Paraguay||South America||Sunday.|
|Peru||South America||Sunday.|
|Philippines||Asia||Second Monday in May.|
|Puerto Rico||North America||First Tuesday after the first Monday in November.|
|Singapore||Asia||Usually Saturday. Polling day is usually an official holiday.|
|South Korea||Asia||Usually Wednesday. Election day is a national holiday.|
|Spain||Europe||There is no fixed election day for general elections, although since 1986 every general election has been held on Sunday.[n. 1]|
|Sweden||Europe||Second Sunday of September.|
|United States||North America||First Tuesday after the first Monday in November.|
|Uruguay||South America||Sunday.|
|Venezuela||South America||Sunday.|
Elections to the European Parliament take place over a period of four days (i.e., Thursday through to Sunday), according to the election days of the EU members states (as listed above). There are some exceptions; as Wednesday was not covered by the available dates, the Netherlands holds elections on Thursday, while Denmark holds elections on Sunday. Countries which hold the ballot before Sunday are not permitted to announce results until all other countries have finished voting.
Local elections in Spain (as well as regional elections in the case of regions where the head of government is not able to prematurely dissolve the legislature at will) are held by law on the 4th Sunday of May.
- 22 June 1986, 29 October 1989, 6 June 1993, 3 March 1996, 12 March 2000, 14 March 2004, 9 March 2008, 20 November 2011, 20 December 2015, 26 June 2016.
- Orr, Graeme (2016). "10". Ritual and Rhythm in Electoral Systems: A Comparative Legal Account.
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- Ryan, Phillip; Horan, Niamh; O'Connor, Niall (31 January 2016). "Six Nations match at the centre of row over election date - Independent.ie". Independent.ie. Retrieved 21 November 2017.
- Hoffman, Gil Stern (24 March 2015). "With full term possible, Netanyahu may outlast Ben-Gurion (and Obama)". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 8 April 2019.
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- Lazo, Ricardo S. (2009). Philippine governance and the 1987 constitution (2009 2nd ed.). Manila, Philippines: Published & distributed by Rex Book Store. p. 161. ISBN 9789712345463.
- “Código Electoral de Puerto Rico para el Siglo XXI”: Ley Núm. 78 de 1 de Junio de 2011, según enmendada. CAPÍTULO IX. — PROCEDIMIENTOS ANTERIORES A LA ELECCIÓN; VOTACIÓN: Artículo 9.001. — Fecha de las Elecciones. — (16 L.P.R.A. § 4141) Gobierno de Puerto Rico. San Juan, Puerto Rico. p. 66 of 104. Accessed 8 November 2019.
- "Статья 10. Назначение выборов" [Article 10. Election scheduling]. Central Election Commission of the Russian Federation (in Russian). Retrieved 28 December 2018.
Голосование на выборах может быть назначено только на воскресенье.
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