Election results of women standing for the Parliament of the United Kingdom (to 1945)

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22 of the women standing in the 1923 general election

This is a list of women who stood in general elections to the Parliament of the United Kingdom up to and including the 1945 UK general election.

Summary of general election candidates[edit]

Year Number of Candidates[1] Number of MPs
1918 16 1
1922 33 2
1923 34 8
1924 41 4
1929 69 14
1931 62 15
1935 67 9
1945 87 24
Year Conservative[1] Labour[1] Liberal[1] Independent[2] Other parties[2]
Candidates MPs Candidates MPs Candidates MPs Candidates MPs Candidates MPs
1918 0 0 4 0 4 0 5 0 3 1
1922 5 1 10 0 16 1 2 0 0 0
1923 7 3 14 3 12 2 1 0 0 0
1924 12 3 22 1 6 0 1 0 0 0
1929 10 3 30 9 25 1 1 1 3 0
1931 16 13 36 0 5 1 1 1 4 0
1935 19 6 33 1 11 1 2 1 2 0
1945 14 1 41 21 20 1 7 1 5 0

Election results[edit]

1918 UK general election[edit]

Party Constituency Name Votes % Position
Independent Brentford and Chiswick Ray Strachey 1,263 9.7 3
Independent Chelsea Emily Frost Phipps 2,419 20.9 2
Independent Glasgow Bridgeton Eunice Murray 991 5.0 3
Independent Hendon Edith How-Martyn 2,067 10.5 3
Independent Richmond (Surrey) Norah Dacre Fox 3,615 20.4 2
Labour Battersea North Charlotte Despard 5,634 33.4 2
Labour Manchester Rusholme Emmeline Pethick-Lawrence 2,985 15.6 3
Labour Stourbridge Mary Anderson 7,587 32.7 3
Labour University of Wales Millicent Mackenzie 176 19.2 2
Liberal Enfield Janet McEwan 1,987 12.1 3
Liberal Birmingham Ladywood Margery Corbett Ashby 1,552 11.5 3
Liberal Mansfield Violet Carruthers 4,000 19.5 3
Liberal Portsmouth South Alison Garland 4,283 18.5 2
Sinn Féin Belfast Victoria Winifred Carney 539 4.1 3
Sinn Féin Dublin St Patrick's Constance Markievicz 7,835 65.9 1
Women's Party Smethwick Christabel Pankhurst 8,614 47.8 2

By-elections, 1918-1922[edit]

Party Election Name Votes % Position
Conservative Plymouth Sutton by-election, 1919 Nancy Astor 14,495 51.9 1
Labour Camberwell North West by-election, 1920 Susan Lawrence 4,733 32.1 2
Labour Northampton by-election, 1920 Margaret Bondfield 13,279 44.4 2
Liberal Louth by-election, 1921 Margaret Wintringham 8,386 42.2 1

1922 UK general election[edit]

Party Constituency Name[3] Votes % Position
Conservative Camberwell North Helen Gwynne-Vaughan 8,066 49.2 2
Conservative Denbigh Lesley Venetia Elizabeth Brodrick 9,138 37.9 2
Conservative Ogmore Dorothy Caroline Edmondes 6,577 20.1 3
Conservative Plymouth Sutton Nancy Astor 13,924 47.4 1
Conservative Walsall Alice Cooper 14,349 37.8 2
Independent Brentford and Chiswick Ray Strachey 7,804 43.5 2
Independent Liverpool East Toxteth Eleanor Rathbone 9,984 39.7 2
Labour Acton Mary Richardson 5,342 26.2 2
Labour Chelmsford Clara Rackham 3,767 17.6 3
Labour East Ham North Susan Lawrence 6,747 27.8 2
Labour East Surrey Marjorie Pease 3,667 22.7 2
Labour Islington North Edith Picton-Turbervill 7,993 27.8 2
Labour Islington East Ethel Bentham 5,900 22.7 3
Labour Lambeth North Barbara Ayrton-Gould 3,353 17.8 3
Labour Northampton Margaret Bondfield 14,498 37.9 2
Labour University of Wales Olive Wheeler 309 24.8 3
Labour Co-op Birmingham King's Norton Eleanor Barton 7,017 32.8 2
Liberal Bedford Mary Camilla Lawson 2,075 7.8 4
Liberal Dartford Alison Garland 2,175 6.5 3
Liberal Devizes Hilda Beatrice Currie 6,576 40.7 2
Liberal Glasgow Maryhill Annie Burnett Smith 3,617 13.1 3
Liberal High Peak Anna Barlow 5,802 20.4 3
Liberal Huntingdonshire Lina Scott Gatty 5,123 25.7 2
Liberal Louth, Lincolnshire Margaret Wintringham 11,609 52.0 1
Liberal Oldham Mary Emmott 6,186 7.0 5
Liberal Richmond (Surrey) Margery Corbett Ashby 5,765 24.1 3
Liberal Waterloo Nessie Stewart-Brown 6,300 32.7 2
Liberal Westminster St George's Mary Sophia Allen 1,303 6.5 3
Liberal Wycombe Vera Terrington 11,154 35.8 2
National Liberal Edinburgh South Catherine Alderton 7,408 33.3 2
National Liberal Forest of Dean Winifred Coombe Tennant 3,861 18.7 3
National Liberal Glasgow Govan Helen Fraser 9,336 37.7 2
National Liberal Leeds South East Mary Grant 9,554 41.1 2

By-elections, 1922-1923[edit]

Party Election Name Votes % Position
Conservative Berwick-upon-Tweed by-election, 1923 Mabel Philipson 12,000 55.0 1

1923 UK general election[edit]

Party Constituency Name[4] Votes % Position
Conservative Berwick-upon-Tweed Mabel Philipson 10,636 48.0 1
Conservative Camberwell North Helen Gwynne-Vaughan 5,934 35.8 2
Conservative Glasgow St Rollox Violet Mary Robertson 9,204 37.7 2
Conservative Ince Rachel Parsons 6,262 26.5 2
Conservative Kinross and Western Perthshire Duchess of Atholl 9,235 50.4 1
Conservative Plymouth Sutton Nancy Astor 16,114 54.5 1
Conservative St Helens Margaret Evelyn Pilkington 16,109 44.5 2
Independent Brentford and Chiswick Ray Strachey 4,828 27.3 2
Labour Ashton-under-Lyne Ellen Wilkinson 6,208 28.7 3
Labour Berwick-upon-Tweed Edna Penny 2,784 12.5 3
Labour Bournemouth Minnie Pallister 5,986 19.5 3
Labour Chatham Mary Agnes Hamilton 5,794 24.1 3
Labour East Ham North Susan Lawrence 8,727 35.7 1
Labour Farnham Anne Corner 3,520 16.7 3
Labour Isle of Wight Emily Palmer 2,475 7.1 3
Labour Islington East Ethel Bentham 6,941 26.0 3
Labour Northampton Margaret Bondfield 15,556 40.5 1
Labour Norwich Dorothy Jewson 19,304 20.0 2
Labour Portsmouth South Jessie Stephen 7,388 24.9 2
Labour Warwick and Leamington Countess of Warwick 4,015 12.8 3
Labour West Dorset Louie Simpson 7,087 41.2 2
Labour Co-op Birmingham King's Norton Eleanor Barton 6,743 30.7 2
Liberal Birmingham King's Norton Elizabeth Cadbury 5,686 25.9 3
Liberal Birmingham Moseley Janet Clarkson 7,904 28.7 2
Liberal Cambridgeshire Elsbeth Dimsdale 6,619 24.6 3
Liberal Consett Ursula Williams 14,619 48.0 2
Liberal Gower Lily Folland 10,219 40.9 2
Liberal Hamilton Helen Fraser 8,436 41.6 2
Liberal Hanley Ada Moody 4,268 19.8 3
Liberal Hastings Maria Gordon 5,876 25.9 2
Liberal Louth, Lincolnshire Margaret Wintringham 12,104 52.4 1
Liberal Pontefract Mary Pollock Grant 4,567 18.6 3
Liberal Richmond (Surrey) Margery Corbett Ashby 7,702 37.0 2
Liberal Wycombe Lady Terrington 14,910 46.9 1

Jewson was elected by taking second place in a two-seat constituency.

1924 UK general election[edit]

Party Constituency Name[5] Votes % Position
Conservative Aberdeen North Laura Sandeman 8,545 39.2 2
Conservative Berwick-upon-Tweed Mabel Philipson 12,130 50.9 1
Conservative Bothwell Helen Brown Shaw 11,314 43.7 2
Conservative Camberwell North Helen Gwynne-Vaughan 7,564 36.7 2
Conservative Denbigh Lesley Venetia Elizabeth Brodrick 11,250 47.0 2
Conservative Derby Hilda Hulse 21,700 20.3 4
Conservative Kinross and Western Perthshire Duchess of Atholl 13,565 72.0 1
Conservative Manchester Ardwick Mary Latchford Kingsmill Jones 13,115 45.1 2
Conservative Morpeth Irene Ward 10,828 32.0 2
Conservative Plymouth Sutton Nancy Astor 18,174 58.1 1
Conservative St Helens Margaret Evelyn Pilkington 16,908 44.2 2
Conservative Wansbeck Mary Middleton 18,875 47.1 2
Ind. Labour Acton Mary Richardson 1,775 7.6 4
Labour Blackburn Mary Agnes Hamilton 24,330 21.8 3
Labour Bournemouth Minnie Pallister 7,735 27.3 2
Labour Chelsea Dora Russell 5,661 26.0 2
Labour Dumfriesshire Agnes Dollan 6,342 23.0 3
Labour East Ham North Susan Lawrence 10,137 35.8 2
Labour Edinburgh North Eleanor Stewart 8,192 27.9 2
Labour Farnham Anne Corner 4,613 20.2 2
Labour Hackney North Stella Churchill 6,097 24.1 3
Labour Hastings Muriel Matters Porter 6,082 28.6 2
Labour Hemel Hempstead Amy Sayle 1,553 6.9 3
Labour Islington East Ethel Bentham 10,280 32.3 2
Labour Lewisham West Barbara Drake 6,781 20.4 2
Labour Liverpool Fairfield Mary Mercer 8,412 37.1 2
Labour Middlesbrough East Ellen Wilkinson 9,574 38.5 1
Labour Northampton Margaret Bondfield 15,046 37.2 2
Labour Northwich Barbara Ayrton-Gould 11,630 34.6 2
Labour Norwich Dorothy Jewson 22,931 22.0 4
Labour Portsmouth South Jessie Stephen 8,310 27.0 2
Labour Stroud Edith Picton-Turbervill 7,418 25.2 2
Labour Totnes Kate Spurrell 2,240 6.1 3
Labour West Dorset Louie Simpson 7,087 41.2 2
Labour Co-op Leeds North East Edna Penny 8,894 31.6 2
Liberal Ilkeston Anna Barlow 4,320 17.6 3
Liberal Lanark Elizabeth Buchanan Mitchell 2,126 8.1 3
Liberal Louth, Lincolnshire Margaret Wintringham 11,330 47.2 2
Liberal Southwark South East Elsie Elias 2,388 11.2 3
Liberal Watford Margery Corbett Ashby 5,205 18.7 3
Liberal Wycombe Lady Terrington 12,526 33.0 2

By-elections, 1924-1929[edit]

Party Election Name Votes % Position
Labour Walsall by-election, 1925 Margaret Bondfield 18,866 57.7 1
Labour East Ham North by-election, 1926 Susan Lawrence 10,798 40.6 1
Conservative Southend by-election, 1927 Countess of Iveagh 21,221 54.6 1
Labour Bristol West by-election, 1928 Clare Annesley 7,702 26.0 2
Liberal St Ives by-election, 1928 Hilda Runciman 10,241 42.6 1
Conservative Linlithgowshire by-election, 1928 Margaret Kidd 9,268 31.5 2
Labour Epsom by-election, 1928 Helen Keynes 3,719 16.8 3
Conservative Aberdeen North by-election, 1928 Laura Sandeman 4,696 23.1 2
Labour Cheltenham by-election, 1928 Florence Widdowson 3,962 18.8 3
Labour Bishop Auckland by-election, 1929 Ruth Dalton 14,797 57.1 1
Labour North Lanarkshire by-election, 1929 Jennie Lee 15,711 57.5 1

1929 UK general election[edit]

Party Constituency Name[6] Votes % Position
Communist Bothwell Helen Crawfurd 1,677 5.5 3
Communist Mansfield Rose Smith 533 1.1 4
Communist Motherwell Isabel Brown 984 3.4 4
Conservative Bothwell Helen Brown Shaw 12,077 39.3 2
Conservative Farnworth Mary Pickford 10,643 25.4 2
Conservative Kinross and Western Perthshire Duchess of Atholl 12,245 48.6 1
Conservative Liverpool Everton Margaret Beaven 12,667 47.1 2
Conservative Manchester Ardwick Mary Latchford Kingsmill Jones 13,177 39.7 2
Conservative Morpeth Irene Ward 9,206 22.1 2
Conservative Paisley Minna Cowan 7,094 17.7 3
Conservative Plymouth Sutton Nancy Astor 16,625 43.2 1
Conservative Pontypridd May Gordon Williams 3,967 10.1 3
Conservative Southend-on-Sea Countess of Iveagh 27,605 55.8 1
Independent Combined English Universities Eleanor Rathbone 3,331 33.3 2
Labour Ayr Burghs Clarice Shaw 13,429 36.5 2
Labour Blackburn Mary Agnes Hamilton 37,256 26.1 1
Labour Brentford and Chiswick Stella Churchill 10,918 37.8 2
Labour Bristol West Clare Annesley 11,961 25.3 2
Labour East Ham North Susan Lawrence 13,969 42.1 1
Labour Edinburgh North Eleanor Stewart 11,340 32.2 2
Labour Honiton Rose Davies 915 2.6 3
Labour Horsham and Worthing Helen Keynes 7,611 16.4 3
Labour Hythe Grace Colman 2,597 11.5 3
Labour Islington East Ethel Bentham 15,199 38.0 1
Labour Lewisham West Catherine Mary Wadham 10,598 25.9 2
Labour Luton Florence Harrison Bell 7,351 16.5 3
Labour Middlesbrough East Ellen Wilkinson 12,215 41.3 1
Labour North Lanarkshire Jennie Lee 19,884 55.9 1
Labour Northwich Barbara Ayrton-Gould 15,473 34.3 2
Labour Norwich Dorothy Jewson 31,040 24.0 3
Labour Nottingham Central Eleanor Barton 11,573 33.2 2
Labour Perth Helen Gault 8,291 23.5 3
Labour Petersfield Gertrude Massingham 3,418 12.1 3
Labour Portsmouth South Jessie Stephen 10,127 24.8 2
Labour Rushcliffe Florence Widdowson 16,069 35.0 2
Labour St Albans Monica Whately 11,699 27.6 2
Labour Stoke-on-Trent Cynthia Mosley 26,548 58.7 1
Labour Sunderland Marion Phillips 31,794 19.5 1
Labour The Wrekin Edith Picton-Turbervill 14,569 44.4 1
Labour Totnes Kate Spurrell 5,828 12.9 3
Labour Wallsend Margaret Bondfield 20,057 49.5 1
Labour Wells Ruby Docie Quarrell Davies 4,472 15.0 3
Labour Weston-super-Mare Constance Elizabeth Borrett 4,766 11.1 3
Labour Wycombe Rochelle Townsend 8,899 18.1 3
Liberal Anglesey Megan Lloyd-George 13,181 49.4 1
Liberal Birmingham Deritend Beta Hornabrook 2,268 6.8 3
Liberal Caerphilly Alice Grace Roberts 8,190 22.4 2
Liberal East Grinstead Barbara Bliss 9,718 25.6 2
Liberal Hackney South Muriel Morgan Gibbon 6,302 20.7 3
Liberal Hendon Margery Corbett Ashby 13,449 22.2 3
Liberal Hitchin Enid Lapthorn 9,325 28.3 2
Liberal Hull North West Catherine Alderton 10,059 28.3 3
Liberal Hythe Hester Lloyd Holland 6,912 30.7 2
Liberal Islington North Domini Crosfield 10,210 23.4 3
Liberal Kensington North Frances Henrietta Stewart 5,516 13.5 3
Liberal Louth, Lincolnshire Margaret Wintringham 13,560 42.9 2
Liberal Manchester Gorton Beatrice Bayfield 3,385 9.4 3
Liberal North Norfolk Zelia Hoffman 3,403 11.1 3
Liberal Northampton Helen Schilizzi 11,054 20.6 3
Liberal Rotherhithe Dora West 4,556 19.1 3
Liberal St Pancras South East Elizabeth Edwardes 3,798 13.8 3
Liberal Salford West Mary Pollock Grant 5,614 15.4 3
Liberal Salisbury Lucy Masterman 13,022 39.3 2
Liberal Smethwick M. E. Marshall 3,909 11.0 3
Liberal Sunderland Elizabeth Morgan 21,300 13.0 5
Liberal Surrey East Ida Swinburne 7,435 23.1 2
Liberal Tavistock Hilda Runciman 14,040 44.1 2
Liberal Warrington Alison Garland 3,070 7.2 3
Liberal Winchester Frances Josephy 7,278 18.6 3

Rathbone was elected by taking second place in a two-seat constituency.

By-elections, 1929-1931[edit]

Party Election Name Votes % Position
Communist Kilmarnock by-election, 1929 Isabel Brown 1,448 4.4 3
Labour North Norfolk by-election, 1930 Lucy Noel-Buxton 14,821 50.3 1
Labour Paddington South by-election, 1930 Dorothy Evans 7,944 26.6 3
United Empire Paddington South by-election, 1930 Alexandra Stewart-Richardson 494 1.7 4
Labour Islington East by-election, 1931 Leah Manning 10,591 34.7 1
Conservative Islington East by-election, 1931 Thelma Cazalet 7,182 23.5 3
Liberal Salisbury by-election, 1931 Lucy Masterman 9,588 32.7 2
Liberal Sunderland by-election, 1931 Elizabeth Morgan 15,020 19.9 3
National (Scotland) Glasgow St Rollox by-election, 1931 Elma Campbell 3,521 15.8 3

1931 UK general election[edit]

Party Constituency Name[7] Votes % Position
Communist Aberdeen North Helen Crawfurd 3,980 11.1 3
Communist Greenwich Kath Duncan 2,024 4.4 4
Conservative Bothwell Helen Brown Shaw 16,571 50.0 1
Conservative Caerphilly Catherine Bowen-Davies 11,044 32.4 2
Conservative Cannock Sarah Ward 27,498 54.6 1
Conservative Dundee Florence Horsbrugh 48,556 27.7 2
Conservative Dundee Catherine Gavin 11,941 41.8 2
Conservative Hackney South Marjorie Graves 15,920 55.4 1
Conservative Hammersmith North Mary Pickford 18,815 59.2 1
Conservative Islington East Thelma Cazalet 27,221 67.5 1
Conservative Kinross and Western Perthshire Duchess of Atholl 16,228 60.6 1
Conservative Plymouth Sutton Nancy Astor 24,277 63.3 1
Conservative Rotherhithe Norah Runge 11,666 50.3 1
Conservative Silvertown Eleonora Tennant 5,654 22.2 2
Conservative Southend-on-Sea Countess of Iveagh 46,564 85.7 1
Conservative Stoke Ida Copeland 19,918 45.6 1
Conservative Wallsend Irene Ward 25,999 58.6 1
Conservative Willesden West Mavis Tate 23,910 60.6 1
Independent Combined English Universities Eleanor Rathbone 5,096 37.2 1
Ind. Labour Party Camborne Kate Spurrell 8,280 24.5 3
Ind. Labour Party Clapham Hilda Browning 7,317 23.0 2
Ind. Labour Party North Lanarkshire Jennie Lee 19,691 44.7 2
Ind. Labour Party Norwich Dorothy Jewson 26,537 19.7 4
Ind. Labour Party Perth Helen Gault 3,705 9.7 3
Ind. Labour Party West Renfrewshire Jean Mann 10,203 31.5 2
Independent Liberal Anglesey Megan Lloyd George 14,839 58.3 1
Labour Aldershot Mary Richardson 4,091 15.6 2
Labour Aylesbury Dorothy Woodman 4,677 10.9 3
Labour Ayr Burghs Clarice Shaw 9,974 26.1 2
Labour Bedford Clare Annesley 9,654 27.8 2
Labour Blackburn Mary Agnes Hamilton 25,643 17.0 3
Labour East Ham North Susan Lawrence 11,769 34.1 2
Labour Flintshire Frances Edwards 16,158 28.6 2
Labour Gillingham C. M. Wadham 9,103 31.0 2
Labour Hastings Irene Goddard 4,983 15.5 2
Labour Hendon Amber Blanco White 15,305 18.8 2
Labour Horsham and Worthing Helen Keynes 5,932 11.7 2
Labour Hythe Grace Colman 3,608 15.1 2
Labour Islington East Leah Manning 13,111 32.5 2
Labour Kidderminster Jessie Stephen 9,814 22.7 2
Labour Maidstone Gertrude Speedwell Massingham 6,770 19.8 2
Labour Middlesbrough East Ellen Wilkinson 12,080 39.6 2
Labour North Norfolk Lucy Noel-Buxton 13,035 39.5 2
Labour Northwich Barbara Gould 15,746 34.4 2
Labour Norwood Ann Jane Anstey 7,217 19.0 2
Labour Paddington North Esther Rickards 9,597 28.6 2
Labour Paddington South Lucy Cox 4,532 14.3 2
Labour Rushcliffe Florence Paton 14,176 27.9 2
Labour St Albans Monica Whately 10,289 21.9 2
Labour Streatham R. B. Fraser 5,343 15.0 2
Labour Sunderland Marion Phillips 29,707 18.0 3
Labour The Wrekin Edith Picton-Turbervill 14,162 38.9 2
Labour Tonbridge Constance Elizabeth M. Borrett 8,208 21.2 2
Labour Wallsend Margaret Bondfield 18,393 41.4 2
Labour Woodbridge Ida Mary Nussey Keeble 5,885 18.7 2
Labour Co-op Brighton Rosalind Moore 12,878 7.3 4
Liberal Wallsend Frances Josephy 6,106 18.1 2
Liberal Exeter Eleanor Acland 8,571 23.2 2
Liberal Holderness Aline MacKinnon 10,471 30.0 2
Liberal Shrewsbury Betty Morgan 9,358 30.8 2
Liberal National Wentworth Charlotte Isabel Hilyer 14,462 31.2 2
National (Scotland) Glasgow St Rollox Elma Campbell 3,521 13.3 3

Horsbrugh was elected by taking second place in a two-seat constituency.

By-elections, 1931-1935[edit]

Party Election Name Votes % Position
Labour Dulwich by-election, 1932 Helen Bentwich 3,905 19.3 3
Independent Lambeth North by-election, 1934 Alice Brown 305 1.6 4
Labour Putney by-election, 1934 Edith Summerskill 12,936 45.3 2
Labour Norwood by-election, 1935 Barbara Gould 12,799 40.4 2
Labour Perth by-election, 1935 Helen Gault 3,705 9.7 3
Labour Combined Scottish Universities by-election, 1935 Naomi Mitchison 4,293 17.3 2

1935 UK general election[edit]

Party Constituency Name[8] Votes % Position
Conservative Bothwell Helen Brown Shaw 13,761 39.7 2
Conservative Caerphilly G. T. Stoneham 7,738 23.8 2
Conservative Cannock Sarah Ward 26,876 49.1 2
Conservative Clay Cross Bridget Jackson 8,391 25.4 2
Conservative Dundee Florence Horsbrugh 50,542 26.8 1
Conservative Ebbw Vale Ethel Scarborough 7,145 22.2 2
Conservative Edinburgh East Minna Cowan 12,229 39.6 2
Conservative Frome Mavis Tate 19,684 46.3 1
Conservative Hackney South Marjorie Graves 10,876 40.7 2
Conservative Islington East Thelma Cazalet 18,248 52.5 1
Conservative Kinross and Western Perthshire Duchess of Atholl 15,238 60.2 1
Conservative Plaistow Dorothy Roddick 6,730 26.7 2
Conservative Plymouth Sutton Nancy Astor 21,491 58.3 1
Conservative Poplar South Diana Spearman 6,862 26.8 2
Conservative Rotherhithe Norah Runge 9,751 40.3 2
Conservative Rothwell Gwendoline Beaumont 17,352 35.5 2
Conservative Silvertown Eleonora Tennant 4,276 19.0 2
Conservative Stoke Ida Copeland 18,867 47.3 2
Conservative Wallsend Irene Ward 23,842 52.6 1
Independent Combined English Universities Eleanor Rathbone unopposed N/A 1
Independent Putney Violet Van der Elst 1,021 3.0 3
Ind. Labour Party Camborne Kate Spurrell 592 1.9 4
Ind. Labour Party North Lanarkshire Jennie Lee 17,267 37.3 2
Labour Birkenhead East Mary Mercer 8,028 23.3 3
Labour Bradford North Muriel Nichol 14,047 35.2 2
Labour Burton Gladys Paling 8,041 25.5 2
Labour Bury Edith Summerskill 12,845 34.4 2
Labour Cheltenham Elizabeth Pakenham 7,784 29.5 2
Labour City of Chester Agnes Bulley 6,450 19.3 3
Labour Clapham Monica Whately 11,368 23.0 2
Labour Dartford Janet Adamson 35,596 48.2 2
Labour Darwen Frances Kerby 7,778 20.9 3
Labour Edinburgh South Barbara Woodburn 5,365 16.5 2
Labour Harrow Helen Bentwich 31,422 37.3 2
Labour Hendon Amber Blanco White 28,375 26.8 2
Labour Hornsey Mari Power 10,320 21.9 2
Labour Lewisham East Freda Corbet 25,425 44.6 2
Labour Jarrow Ellen Wilkinson 20,324 53.1 1
Labour Manchester Hulme Barbara Ayrton-Gould 11,221 39.7 2
Labour New Forest and Christchurch Catherine Mary Wadham 10,876 25.2 2
Labour North Dorset M. M. Whitehead 1,360 5.2 4
Labour North Norfolk Lucy Noel-Buxton 14,465 44.7 2
Labour Paddington North Caroline Ganley 9,925 34.4 2
Labour Pudsey and Otley Lucy Cox 9,997 23.3 3
Labour Saffron Walden Clara Rackham 9,633 32.9 2
Labour St Marylebone Elizabeth Jacobs 8,088 20.4 2
Labour Sheffield Hallam Grace Colman 10,346 32.7 2
Labour Southend-on-Sea Helen Keynes 7,796 13.8 3
Labour Stockton-on-Tees Susan Lawrence 19,217 40.3 2
Labour Stroud Constance Borrett 14,133 36.8 2
Labour Sunderland Leah Manning 32,059 19.8 4
Labour Wallsend Margaret Bondfield 21,462 47.4 2
Labour Westminster St George's Anne Fremantle 4,643 15.4 2
Labour Westmorland E. V. Short 10,417 31.5 2
Labour West Renfrewshire Jean Mann 12,407 38.8 2
Labour Wood Green Dorothy Woodman 14,561 24.8 2
Liberal Anglesey Megan Lloyd-George 11,227 44.5 1
Liberal Aylesbury Margaret Wintringham 13,622 31.6 2
Liberal Carlisle Barbara Bliss 3,525 10.3 3
Liberal Devizes Frances Josephy 9,903 40.7 2
Liberal Edinburgh North Chrystal Macmillan 1,798 5.8 3
Liberal Hemel Hempstead Margery Corbett Ashby 7,078 22.0 2
Liberal Holderness Aline Mackinnon 10,348 24.9 2
Liberal Kinross and Western Perthshire Elizabeth MacDonald 10,069 39.8 2
Liberal Maldon Hilda Buckmaster 5,680 17.7 3
Liberal Rye Dorothy Osborn 9,162 28.8 2
Liberal Willesden East Nancy Stewart Parnell 3,217 7.3 3

By-elections, 1935-1945[edit]

Party Election Name Votes % Position
Conservative Clay Cross by-election, 1936 Bridget Jackson 8,042 24.9 2
Independent Preston by-election, 1936 Florence White 3,221 4.8 3
Conservative Hemel Hempstead by-election, 1937 Frances Davidson 14,992 57.7 1
Liberal Hemel Hempstead by-election, 1937 Margery Corbett Ashby 7,078 22.0 2
Labour Glasgow Springburn by-election, 1937 Agnes Hardie 14,859 62.6 1
Liberal National Pontypridd by-election, 1938 Juliet Rhys-Williams 14,810 40.1 2
Independent Combined Scottish Universities by-election, 1938 Frances Melville 5,618 19.5 2
Labour Fulham West by-election, 1938 Edith Summerskill 16,583 52.2 1
Labour Dartford by-election, 1938 Jennie Adamson 46,514 52.4 1
Labour Fylde by-election, 1938 Mabel Tylecote 17,648 31.6 2
Independent Kinross and Western Perthshire by-election, 1938 Duchess of Atholl 10,495 47.1 2
Liberal Holderness by-election, 1939 Aline Mackinnon 11,590 25.7 2
Conservative South Ayrshire by-election, 1939 Catherine Gavin 12,986 42.0 2
National Independent Southwark Central by-election, 1940 Violet van der Elst 1,382 16.8 3
Ind. Labour Party East Renfrewshire by-election, 1940 Annie Maxton 8,206 19.3 2
Communist Bow and Bromley by-election, 1940 Isabel Brown 506 4.2 2
Conservative Bodmin by-election, 1941 Beatrice Wright unopposed N/A 1
Independent Harrow by-election, 1941 Winifred Henney 3,433 19.1 2
Common Wealth Ashford by-election, 1943 Catherine Williamson 4,192 30.3 2
Conservative Bristol Central by-election, 1943 Violet Bathurst 5,867 52.1 1
Ind. Labour Bristol Central by-election, 1943 Jennie Lee 4,308 38.2 2
Common Wealth The Hartlepools by-election, 1943 Elaine Burton 3,634 17.4 2
Independent Liberal Darwen by-election, 1943 Honor Balfour 8,799 49.8 2
Independent Acton by-election, 1943 Dorothy Crisp 707 8.5 3
Independent Liberal Bury St Edmunds by-election, 1944 Margery Corbett Ashby 9,121 43.8 2

1945 UK general election[edit]

Party Constituency Name Votes % Position
Common Wealth Canterbury Catherine Williamson 1,017 2.6 3
Common Wealth Chelsea Dorothy Sharpe 984 5.2 3
Common Wealth North Midlothian Kitty Wintringham 3,299 6.4 3
Common Wealth Sutton Coldfield Joyce Purser 2,043 4.2 3
Communist Birmingham Handsworth Jessie Eden 1,390 3.4 5
Communist Harrow East Gladys Driver 3,493 5.9 4
Conservative Aberdeen North Priscilla Buchan 9,623 25.1 2
Conservative Bothwell Helen Brown Shaw 13,207 34.2 2
Conservative Bristol Central Violet Bathurst 7,369 36.1 2
Conservative Dundee Florence Horsbrugh 32,309 18.9 4
Conservative Frome Mavis Tate 24,228 44.9 2
Conservative Islington East Thelma Cazalet-Keir 9,960 34.5 2
Conservative Hemel Hempstead Frances Davidson 19,536 44.2 1
Conservative Kingston-upon-Hull Central Diana Spearman 4,106 27.5 2
Conservative Manchester Ardwick Nellie Beer 8,093 36.0 2
Conservative Poplar South Joan Vickers 1,403 10.8 2
Conservative Rotherhithe Norah Runge 2,577 20.9 2
Conservative Wallsend Irene Ward 21,319 39.9 2
Conservative Wentworth Aymée Lavender Gandar Dower 8,670 16.4 2
Independent Combined English Universities Eleanor Rathbone 11,176 53.3 1
Independent Hornchurch Violet van der Elst 232 0.5 4
Independent Westminster St George's Dorothy Crisp 1,069 5.5 3
Ind. Conservative Putney Eleonora Tennant 144 0.4 5
Independent Progressive London University Mary Danvers Stocks 7,469 49.5 2
Labour Co-op Battersea South Caroline Ganley 19,275 61.5 1
Labour Co-op Birmingham Duddeston Edith Agnes Wills 10,745 65.0 1
Labour Co-op Ilford North Mabel Ridealgh 18,833 42.8 1
Labour Basingstoke Edith Alice Weston 13,763 33.8 2
Labour Bath Dorothy Archibald 18,120 39.2 2
Labour Bexley Jennie Adamson 24,686 56.9 1
Labour Blackburn Barbara Castle 35,145 26.0 2
Labour Bradford North Muriel Nichol 20,268 43.6 1
Labour Bury St Edmunds Cecily Alicia McCall 9,195 29.8 2
Labour Camberwell North West Freda Corbet 12,251 69.6 1
Labour Cannock Jennie Lee 48,849 62.6 1
Labour Chelsea Margaret Douglas Shufeldt 5,874 31.1 2
Labour Cheltenham Phyllis Maude Warner 11,095 29.9 2
Labour Chichester Rosalie Francesca Chamberlayne 13,670 24.1 2
Labour Coatbridge Jean Mann 18,619 61.1 1
Labour Croydon North Marian Billson 22,810 40.1 2
Labour Epping Leah Manning 15,993 44.1 1
Labour Flintshire Eirene Lloyd Jones 26,761 37.4 2
Labour Fulham West Edith Summerskill 19,537 61.9 1
Labour Harrow West B. J. K. Thompson 18,961 33.0 2
Labour Hemel Hempstead Doris Mobbs 14,426 32.6 2
Labour Hendon North Barbara Gould 18,251 47.6 1
Labour Hendon South Elaine Burton 14,917 38.1 2
Labour Holborn Irene Marcous 5,136 45.9 2
Labour Jarrow Ellen Wilkinson 22,656 66.0 1
Labour Kensington South Patricia Strauss 6,014 18.9 2
Labour Kilmarnock Clarice Shaw 23,837 59.4 1
Labour Leeds North East Alice Bacon 28,870 53.1 1
Labour Liverpool Exchange Bessie Braddock 8,494 52.0 1
Labour Middleton and Prestwich Mabel Tylecote 25,908 49.2 2
Labour Newbury Iris Brook 15,754 33.7 2
Labour North Lanarkshire Margaret Herbison 30,251 59.6 1
Labour Norwich Lucy Noel-Buxton 31,553 27.9 1
Labour Plymouth Sutton Lucy Middleton 15,417 51.6 1
Labour Rushcliffe Florence Paton 43,303 54.2 1
Labour St Marylebone Elizabeth Jacobs 10,740 32.4 2
Labour Sutton and Cheam Helen Judd 17,293 41.0 2
Labour Tonbridge Vera Dart 16,590 35.9 2
Labour Tynemouth Grace Colman 13,963 46.1 1
Labour Windsor Marjorie Nicholson 16,420 33.1 2
Labour Wirral Agnes Bulley 25,919 31.3 2
Liberal Anglesey Megan Lloyd-George 12,610 52.2 1
Liberal Barnet Jean Henderson 4,495 11.4 3
Liberal Birmingham Handsworth Barbara Lewis 4,945 12.0 4
Liberal Blackburn Marjorie Annie MacInerney 6,096 4.5 6
Liberal Chelmsford Hilda Buckmaster 5,909 10.1 3
Liberal Darwen Honor Balfour 7,979 24.3 3
Liberal Devizes Frances Josephy 6,278 23.1 3
Liberal Exeter Freda Evelyn Griffith Morgan 6,220 16.4 3
Liberal Hackney North Doreen Gorsky 3,546 13.3 3
Liberal Ilford North Juliet Rhys-Williams 9,128 20.8 3
Liberal Isle of Wight May O'Conor 5,967 12.6 3
Liberal Mossley Marjorie Jalland 7,128 12.4 3
Liberal Paisley Louise Glen-Coats 4,532 10.0 3
Liberal Plymouth Sutton Joan Gaved 3,695 12.4 3
Liberal Ripon Mabel Cowley 6,122 12.6 3
Liberal St Albans Enid Lakeman 5,601 10.7 3
Liberal St Pancras South East Audrey Blackman 1,474 8.8 3
Liberal Sevenoaks Nelia Muspratt 6,906 16.7 3
Liberal Sudbury Margaret Hitchcock 5,045 20.5 3
Liberal Wells Violet Bonham-Carter 7,910 25.1 3
Plaid Cymru University of Wales Gwenan Jones 1,696 24.5 2
UUP Fermanagh and Tyrone Noreen Cooper 46,260 22.8 4
Castle won in Blackburn by taking second place in a two-seat constituency.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Richard Keen; Richard Cracknell. "Women in Parliament and Government". House of Commons Library. p. 22.
  2. ^ a b Craig, F. W. S. (1968). British Parliamentary Election Statistics 1918-1968. Glasgow: Political Reference Publications. p. 62. ISBN 0900178000.
  3. ^ "The defeated thirty", Manchester Guardian, 5 December 1922
  4. ^ "Eight woman MPs", The Times, 8 December 1923
  5. ^ "The 41 women candidates", Manchester Guardian, 20 October 1924
  6. ^ "Women candidates: a total of 64 for all parties", Manchester Guardian, 4 May 1929
  7. ^ "Women candidates: 61 Nominated : Two Straight Fights", Manchester Guardian, 17 October 1931
  8. ^ "Women candidates", The Times, 5 November 1935
F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949

Further reading[edit]