Legislative elections in Albania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Elections in Albania)
Jump to: navigation, search
Coat of arms of Albania.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Albania

Albania holds elections on a national level for a legislature. The Assembly of Albania (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) has 140 members elected for four-year terms. The electoral system is closed list proportional representation. There are 12 multi-member constituencies corresponding to the country's 12 administrative regions. Within any constituency, parties must meet a threshold of 3 percent of votes, and pre-election coalitions must meet a threshold of 5 percent of votes.[1][2]

This electoral system replaced a mixed-member system in November 2008.[3] Under the old system, 100 members were elected directly in single member constituencies with approximately equal numbers of voters. 40 were elected from multi-name lists of parties or party coalitions according to their ranking. The total number of deputies of a party or a party coalition was to be, to the closest possible extent, proportional to the valid votes won by that party or coalition on the national scale in the first round of elections. Parties that received less than 2.5% and coalitions that received less than 4% of the valid votes on the national scale in the first round of elections did not benefit from the respective multi-name list.

The change was criticised by the smaller parties, but supported by the two main parties. It was considered an important step towards Albania's European integration. Other changes included limiting the prosecutor general's term to five years, forcing an early election in case of a no-confidence vote and reducing the majority required to elect the president from three-fifths to half the MPs.[4]

The president is elected by parliament.

Albania has a multi-party system, with two or three strong parties and several other parties that are electorally successful.

Latest election[edit]

Alliance Party Votes % Seats +/–
Alliance
for a
European
Albania
Socialist Party 713,407 41.36 65 0
Socialist Movement for Integration 180,470 10.46 16 +12
Unity for Human Rights Party 14,722 0,85 1 0
Social Democracy Party of Albania 11,891 0.69 0 0
Social Democratic Party of Albania 10,220 0.59 0 0
People's Alliance 8,927 0.52 0 New
Christian Democratic Party 7,993 0,46 1 New
Real Socialist Party 91 6,135 0.36 0 0
Democratic Party for Integration and Prosperity 4,550 0.26 0 New
National Arbëreshë Alliance 3,575 0.21 0 New
Moderated Socialist Party 3,119 0.18 0 New
G99 2,977 0.17 0 0
Law and Justice Party 2,489 0.14 0 0
Albanian Future Party 2,284 0.13 0 New
Party for the Defence of the Rights of the Emigrants 2,275 0.13 0 0
Albanian Social Labour Party 2,174 0.13 0 New
Green Party 2,084 0.12 0 0
Albanian Party of Democratic Reforms 1,371 0.08 0 0
Albanian Communist Party of 8 November 1,352 0,08 0 New
Party of the Liberal Right Thought 1,210 0.07 0 New
Democratic Movement for Change 1,159 0.07 0 New
Albanian Labour Party 955 0.06 0 New
Albanian Communist Party 901 0.05 0 New
Path of Freedom Party 808 0.05 0 0
Alliance for European Equality and Justice 728 0.04 0 New
Reorganised Albanian Labour Party 622 0,03 0 New
Albanian Homeland Party 555 0.03 0 New
Albanian National Reconciliation Party 545 0.03 0 New
National Unity Party 513 0.03 0 New
Albanian Movement for Justice 508 0.03 0 New
Albanian Republican Unon 489 0.03 0 New
Albanian Affairs Party 476 0.03 0 New
Party of Disabled People 459 0.03 0 New
Environmental Party 452 0.03 0 New
Christian Democratic Alliance 416 0.02 0 New
Albanian Workers Movement Party 316 0.02 0 New
New Tolerance Party 287 0.02 0 0
Total 993,904 57.63 83
Alliance for
Employment,
Prosperity
and
Integration
Democratic Party 528,373 30.63 50 –18
Republican Party 52,168 3.02 3 +2
Party for Justice, Integration and Unity 44,957 2.61 4 +3
Christian Democratic Party 13,288 0.77 0 0
Legality and Unity of the Right 6,089 0.35 0 0
Movement for National Development 5,429 0.31 0 0
National Front Party 4,868 0.28 0 0
Party for the Future of the Greek Minority 3,305 0.19 0 New
Liberal Democratic Union 2,681 0.16 0 0
Environmentalist Agrarian Party 2,640 0.15 0 0
Albanian Emigration Party 2,325 0.13 0 New
New Albania Movement 2,320 0.13 0 New
Democratic National Front Party 2,242 0.13 0 0
Democratic Alliance Party 1,384 0.08 0 0
Macedonian Alliance for European Integration 1,229 0.07 0 0
Albanian Christian Democratic Movement 1,190 0.07 0 New
Alliance for Democracy and Solidarity 1,065 0.06 0 0
New European Democracy Party 970 0.06 0 0
Time of Albania 770 0.04 0 New
Party of the Real Albanian Path 635 0.04 0 New
Conservative Party 633 0.04 0 0
Albanian Democratic Union Party 606 0.04 0 New
Party of Denied Rights 554 0.03 0 New
New Party of Denied Rights 550 0.03 0 0
Peoples Union of Albanian Retirees Party 406 0.02 0 New
Total 680,677 39.46 57
New Democratic Spirit 29,310 1.70 0 New
Red and Black Alliance 10,196 0.59 0 New
League for Justice and Progress 1,068 0.06 0 New
Christian Democratic People's Party of Albania 416 0.02 0 New
Independents 9,208 0.53 0 0
Invalid/blank votes 24,099
Total 1,748,898 100 140 0
Registered voters/turnout 3,271,885 53.52
Source: CEC, IFES

Past elections[edit]

e • d Summary of the 28 June 2009 Assembly of Albania election results
Coalitions Votes % Seats
Total "Alliance for Changes" (Center - Right) 712745 46.92 70
Total "Unification for Changes" (Center - Left) 688748 45.34 66
Total "Socialist Alliance" (Progressive Left) 84407 5.56 4
Total "Pole of Freedom" (Conservatism) 27655 1.82 0
Law and Justice Party of Albania (Partia Ligj dhe Drejtësi) PLiDr 4865 0.32 0
Independent (Abdullah Adil Omurri) PAVARUR 756 0.05 0
Total (turnout: %) 1519176 100.00 140
Source: CEC
e • d Summary of the 3 July 2005 Assembly of Albania election results
Parties Votes PR % Seats
Constituencies PR Total
Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Demokratike e Shqipërisë) 104,796 7.67 56 0 56
Socialist Party of Albania (Partia Socialiste e Shqipërisë) 121,412 8.89 42 0 42
ALDM-National Front (Partia Balli Kombëtar Shqiptar) 457,143 33,46 0 18 18
ALDM-Republican Party of Albania (Partia Republikane e Shqipërisë) - 11 11
ALDM-New Democratic Party (Partia Demokrate e Re) - 4 4
ALDM-Christian Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Demokristiane e Shqipërisë) - 2 2
ALDM-Liberal Democratic Union (Bashkimi Liberal Demokrat) - 1 1
ALDM-Democratic National Front Party (Partia Ballik Kombëtar Demokrat) - - -
ALDM-Albanian Democratic Union Party (Partia e Bashkimit Demokrat Shqiptar) - - -
ALDM-Human Rights Liberation Movement (Lëvizja për të Drejtat dhe Liritë e Njeriut) - - -
Social Democratic Party of Albania (Partia Socialdemokrate e Shqipërisë) 174,103 12.74 0 7 7
Socialist Movement for Integration (Lëvizja Socialiste për Intigrim) 114,798 8.40 1 4 5
Environmentalist Agrarian Party (Partia Agrare Ambientaliste) 89,635 6.56 - 4 4
Democratic Alliance Party (Partia Aleanca Demokratike) 65,093 4.76 - 3 3
Social Democracy Party of Albania (Partia Demokracia Sociale e Shqipërisë) 57,998 4.25 - 2 2
Unity for Human Rights Party (Partia Bashkimi për të Drejtat e Njeriut) 56,403 4.13 - 2 2
Non-partisans     1 1
Total 1,366,226 100.0 100 40 140
Source: OSCE The candidates of the Alliance for Freedom, Justice and Welfare (Aliansa për Liri, Drejtësi dhe Mirëqenie;;, Republican Party of Albania and allies) supported the candidates of the PDS in the constituencies, as did some of the informal PS allie with the PS candidates. Given the number of irregularities in the first ballot, re-elections were held in two constituencies in Shkodra and Lushnja on 21 August. These results have been included.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.electionguide.org/country.php?ID=3
  2. ^ "PART XII ALLOCATION OF SEATS". THE ELECTORAL CODE OF THE REPUBLIC OF ALBANIA (English translation by OSCE) (pdf). p. 140. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.eubusiness.com/news-eu/1227096121.33/
  4. ^ Ex-communist Albania changes voting system in constitutional shake up - International Herald Tribune

External links[edit]