Elections in Jammu and Kashmir

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Elections in Jammu and Kashmir are conducted to elect members of Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly and of Lok Sabha. There are 87 assembly constituencies and 6 Lok sabha constituencies.

Main Political Parties[edit]

Nationalist parties

MC: All Jammu and Kashmir Muslim Conference, founded in 1932, renamed JKNC in 1939
JKNC: Jammu & Kashmir National Conference, merged with INC in 1965
PC: Jammu & Kashmir Political Conference, separated from JKNC in 1947
PF: Jammu & Kashmir Plebiscite Front, founded in 1955, renamed as JKNC in 1977
ANC: Awami National Conference, break-away faction of JKNC, 1984-1986
INC: Indian National Congress
PDP: Jammu & Kashmir People's Democratic Party, split from INC in 1987

Hindu nationalist parties

PP: Jammu & Kashmir Praja Parishad, merged with BJS in 1963
BJS: Bharatiya Jana Sangh, merged into Janata Party in 1977, revived as BJP in 1980
Janata: Janata Party, formed in 1977, disintegrated in 1980
BJP: Bharatiya Janata Party

Muslim nationalist parties

Jamaat: Jamaat-e-Islami Kashmir, formed soon after 1947, contested elections since 1972 (under the MUF umbrella in 1987)[1]
MUF: Muslim United Front, a coalition of Muslim nationalist groups (Jamaat-e-Islami, Ummat-e-Islami, Anjunmane Ittehad-ul-Musalmeen) that contested elections in 1987.[2]

Others

PSP: Praja Socialist Party, 1953-1977, merging into the Janata Party in 1977
JD: Janata Dal
HM: Harijan Mandal, 1951-1972
Panthers: Jammu and Kashmir National Panthers Party, formed in 1982

Lok Sabha elections[edit]

After 1965[edit]

The first time that Jammu & Kashmir sent elected members to the Lok Sabha was in 1967.[citation needed]

  • 1967: Total: 6. INC: 5/6 [3]
  • 1971: Total: 6. INC: 5/6, Independent: 1
  • 1980: Total: 6. JKNC: 3, Congress(I): 1, Congress(U): 1
  • 2014: Total: 6. BJP: 3, PDP: 3, INC: 0, JKNC: 0

Legislative assembly elections[edit]

After the Constitution of Jammu and Kashmir amended, the name Prime Minister changed into Chief Minister.[4][5]

Year Election Chief Minister (Winning Party/Coalition) Seats Won Remarks
1951 Constituent Assembly Sheikh Abdullah (JKNC) 1951-1953 (dismissed)
Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad (JKNC) 1953-1957
Total: 75; JKNC: 75 Praja Parishad boycotted;
all seats unopposed[6]
1957 First Assembly Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad (JKNC) 1957-1962 Total: 75; JKNC: 69
PP: 5, HM: 1
47 seats unopposed[7]
1962 Second Assembly Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad (JKNC) 1962-1963
Khwaja Shamsuddin (JKNC) 1963-1964
Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq (JKNC) 1964-1972
Total: 74; JKNC: 68
PP: 3, independents: 3
33 seats unopposed;
allegations of malpractices[8]
1967 Third Assembly Ghulam Mohammed Sadiq (INC) Total: 75; INC: 60
39 seats unopposed;
118 candidates rejected[9]
1972 Fourth Assembly Syed Mir Qasim (INC) 1972-1975
Sheikh Abdullah 1975-1977
Total: 75; INC: 58
Jamaat: 5; BJS: 3
Plebiscite Front banned;
election malpractices[10]
1977 Fifth Assembly Sheikh Abdullah (JKNC) 1977-1982 (death)
Farooq Abdullah (JKNC) 1982-1983
Total: 76; JKNC: 47
INC: 11, Janata: 13
free and fair elections[11]
1983 Sixth Assembly Farooq Abdullah (JKNC) 1983-1984 (dismissed)
Ghulam Mohammad Shah (ANC) 1984-1986
Farooq Abdullah (JKNC) 1986-1987
Total: 76; JKNC: 46
INC: 26
INC engineered split in JKNC;
suppression of protests[12]
1987 Seventh Assembly Farooq Abdullah (JKNC) 1987-1990 (dismissed)
President's rule 1990-1996
Total: 76; JKNC: 40, INC: 26
MUF:4; BJP: 2
blatant rigging[2][13]
1996 Eighth Assembly Farooq Abdullah (JKNC) Total: 87; JKNC: 57
INC: 7; BJP: 8; JD: 5; BSP: 4
2002 Ninth Assembly Mufti Mohammad Sayeed (PDP) 2002-2005
Ghulam Nabi Azad (INC) 2005-2008
Total: 87; PDP: 16, INC: 20,
JKNC: 28, Panthers: 4
Independents: 13
2008 Tenth Assembly Omar Abdullah (JKNC) Total: 87; JKNC: 28, INC: 17
PDP: 21, BJP: 11
2014 Eleventh Assembly Mufti Mohammad Sayeed (PDP) 2014-2016 (death)
Mehbooba Mufti (PDP) 2016-
Total: 87; PDP: 28; BJP: 25
JKNC: 15; INC: 12

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bose 2003, p. 99.
  2. ^ a b Behera 2007, p. 47.
  3. ^ "Lok Sabha Results 1967". Election Commission of India. 
  4. ^ "From 1965 to 2009, Omar Abdullah is the eighth chief minister". Hindustan Times. 5 January 2009. Archived from the original on 23 December 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  5. ^ Mayilvaganan (10 April 2002). "A Survey of Elections in Kashmir". IPCS. Retrieved 8 December 2013. 
  6. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 55-57.
  7. ^ Bose 2003, p. 75.
  8. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 77-78.
  9. ^ Bose 2003, p. 85.
  10. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 86-89.
  11. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 89-90.
  12. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 91-93.
  13. ^ Bose 2003, pp. 47-50, 94.

Bibliography[edit]