Elections in Kerala

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Elections in Kerala are regularly held to fill government officials at all levels of government in both Kerala and India as a whole. These range from national elections to regional local body or panchayat elections. The Assembly of Kerala creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.

General Elections[edit]

Year Lok Sabha Election Winning Party/Coalition Status
1951 First Lok Sabha [note 1] Indian National Congress
1957 Second Lok Sabha Communist Party of India Left-9; Right-6; Others-1
1962 Third Lok Sabha Indian National Congress Left-9; Right-6; Others-1
1967 Fourth Lok Sabha Communists (CPI(M), CPI, SSP) Left-7; Right-8; Others-3
1971 Fifth Lok Sabha United Front (INC, KEC, CPI) Left-2; Right-16; Others-1
1977 Sixth Lok Sabha United Front (INC, KEC, CPI, ML, RSP) Left-0; Right-20; Others-0
1980 Seventh Lok Sabha Left Front (CPI(M), CPI) LDF-10; UDF-8; Others-2
1984 Eighth Lok Sabha Indian National Congress LDF-1; UDF-17; Others-2
1989 Ninth Lok Sabha Indian National Congress LDF-3; UDF-17; Others-0
1991 Tenth Lok Sabha Indian National Congress LDF-5; UDF-15; Others-0
1996 Eleventh Lok Sabha United Front (CPM, CPI, JD, RSP) LDF-10; UDF-10; Others-0
1998 Twelfth Lok Sabha United Democratic Front (INC, ML, KEC(M)) LDF-9; UDF-11; Others-0
1999 Thirteenth Lok Sabha United Democratic Front (INC, ML, KEC(M)) LDF-9; UDF-11; Others-0
2004 Fourteenth Lok Sabha Left Democratic Front (CPI(M), CPI) LDF-18; UDF-1; Others-1
2009 Fifteenth Lok Sabha United Democratic Front (INC, ML, KEC(M)) LDF-4; UDF-16; Others-0
2014 Sixteenth Lok Sabha United Democratic Front (INC, ML, KEC(M)) LDF-8; UDF-12; Others-0
2019 Seventeenth Lok Sabha United Democratic Front (INC, ML, KEC(M)) LDF-1; UDF-19; Others-0

State Legislative Assembly Elections[edit]

State-level elections are held to fill the Kerala Legislative Assembly.[1][2]

Year UDF LDF Others Winning Party (Coalition)
1957 043 060 09 CPI
1960 083 029 11 Congress + PSP
1965 - - - (President's Rule)
1967 009 104 20 CPIM+CPI+SSP+Muslim League(As United Front/Saptakakshi Munnani)
1970 - - - Congress + CPI (United Front)
1977 111 029 - United Democratic Front (with CPI)
1980 097 040 03 Left Democratic Front (with Kerala Congress and Indian National Congress (Urs))
1982 077 063 0 United Democratic Front (14)
1987 061 078 01 Left Democratic Front (16)
1991 090 048 02 United Democratic Front (40)
1996 059 080 01 Left Democratic Front (20)
2001 099 040 01 United Democratic Front (59)
2006 042 098 0 Left Democratic Front (56)
2011 072 068 0 United Democratic Front (4)
2016 047 091 02 Left Democratic Front (44)

Local Self Government institutions[edit]

Panchayat Elections is a term widely used in Kerala, India, for the polls that are held to select the Local Self-government Representatives. There are three branches of local self-government institutions in Kerala. They are Graman Panchayat which can be translated as Village Government, Block Panchayat and District Panchayat. A Grama Panchayat is almost an equivalent to City administration and District Panchayat to a County. There are two more wings namely Municipality which is another form of Block Panchayat that exists only in major towns and Corporations that come only in six major cities.
The State has 978 Grama Panchayats, 152 Block Panchayats, 14 District Panchayats, 60 Municipalities and 6 Corporations. Consequent to the 73rd Amendment to the Constitution of India, the local self-government institutions (LSGIs) are to function as the third tier of government. In Kerala, LSGIs have been meaningfully empowered through massive transfer of resources as well as administrative powers. Coupled with a grassroots level approach of participatory planning whereby the developmental programmes are identified and implemented through Grama Sabhas (Ward councils), the LSGIs have emerged as effective agencies for the implementation of developmental programmes.State Election Commission, Kerala came into existence on 3 December 1993 as envisaged in Article 243(k) of the Constitution of India. The superintendence, direction and control of preparation of voters list and conduct of election to the local self-government Institution vest with the Commission.


The last Election to the Local Self-government Institutions in Kerala (Panchayat Elections) was held in October 2015. Elections to the local bodies were held in two stages.The results for all were October.

The latest Assembly elections were held on 16 May 2016.[3]

See also[edit]

2016 Kerala State legislative assembly election


  1. ^ Results from Travancore-Cochin

External links[edit]

  1. ^ "History of kerala legislature - Government of Kerala, India". kerala.gov.in. Retrieved 24 May 2019.
  2. ^ http://www.keralaassembly.org/
  3. ^ "Kerala Assembly Election Schedule 2016". Election Commission India.