Elections in Maharashtra
Elections in Maharashtra, a state in India, are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of Maharashtra creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.
Main Political Parties
INC: Indian National Congress; INC(I): Indira Congress; Cong(S): Socialist Cong of Sharad Pawar; NCP: Nationalist Congress Party (Main leader: Sharad Pawar)
BJP: Bharatiya Janata Party, BJS: Jan Sangh (Precursor of BJP), SS: Shiv Sena
JP/JD: Janata Party/Dal, BLD: Bharatiya Lok Dal, PWP: Peasants' & Workers' Party (शेतकरी कामगार पक्ष)
PSP: Praja Samajwadi Party, SSP: Samyukta Socialist Party, CPI, CPM or CPI(Marxist): Communist Party of India.
SCF: Scheduled Castes Federation, founded by Dr Ambedkar. Later it eveolved into (Republican Party of India).
Lok Sabha elections
It is worth noting that the 1951 and 1957 election are results from Bombay State.
|Year||Lok Sabha Election||Winning Party/Coalition And Seat Break-up|
|1951-52||First Lok Sabha||Voting in Bombay State conducted in March-1952.
Indian National Congress 41/45 (Bombay State, incl. Gujarat, Bijapur, minus Marathwada, Vidarbha, Saurashtra)  
|1957||Second Lok Sabha||Total: 66. Congress: 38/66. (incl Vidarbha, Marathwada, Gujarat, Saurashtra).
Other Parties: BJS: 2, CPI: 4, PSP: 5, PWP:4, SCF: 5, Ind: 8.
|1962||Third Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress: 41/44 |
|1967||Fourth Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress: 37/45. CPI: 2, PWP: 2, SSP: 2|
|1971||Fifth Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress: 42 out of 45|
|1977||Sixth Lok Sabha||Janata Party (BLD, CPI(M)) Janata+: 28/48, Congress: 20|
|1980||Seventh Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress (Indira): 39/48. Janata: 8.|
|1984||Eighth Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress: 43/48. Sharad Pawar's Cong(S): 2.|
|1989||Ninth Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress: 28/49, BJP: 10, Janata: 4, Ind: 3|
|1991||Tenth Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress: 38
BJP: 5, Shiv Sena: 4
|1996||Eleventh Lok Sabha||BJP: 18, Shiv Sena: 15
|1998||Twelfth Lok Sabha||Indian National Congress; INC+: 38 (INC: 31, RPI: 6)
BJP: 4, Shiv Sena: 6
|1999||Thirteenth Lok Sabha||National Democratic Alliance BJP: 13, Shiv Sena: 15
|2004||Fourteenth Lok Sabha||National Democratic Alliance BJP: 13, Shiv Sena: 12
Cong: 13, NCP: 9
|2009||Fifteenth Lok Sabha||Cong: 17, NCP: 8
BJP: 9, Shiv Sena: 11
|2014||Sixteenth Lok Sabha||National Democratic Alliance BJP+: 42 (BJP: 23, Shiv Sena: 18)
Cong: 2, NCP: 4
Vidhan Sabha Elections
- 1952: 'Bombay State' (26-March-1952; incl. Guj, Bijapur; minus Marathwada, Vidarbha) Total: 315. Congress: 269, Socialists: 9, PWP: 14, Ind: 18 
- 1957: Elections to 'Bombay State' in 1957 included the areas which formed part of Maharashtra when it was formed in 1960, including Vidarbha and Marathwada. It also included Gujarat region but not Saurashtra which later became part of Gujarat State. Total: 396. Congress: 234, PSP: 36, CPI: 13, Jan Sangh: 4, PWP (शे का प): 31, SCF: 13, Independents: 64. (Chief Minister: Yeshwantrao Chavan, from April 1957)
- The State of Maharashtra was formed in May 1960, and the first general elections after its formation were held in 1962.
- 1962: Total Seats: 264. Congress: 215/264, PWP (शे का प): 15; (Chief Ministers: Yeshwantrao Chavan, Marotrao Kannamwar, Vasantrao Naik) 
- More details: Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election, 1962
- 1967: Total: 270. Congress: 203, PWP: 19, CPI: 10, Praja Socialists: 8, RPI: 5, Jan sangh: 4, SSP: 4 (CM: Vasantrao Naik)
- More details: Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election, 1967
- 1972: Total: 264. Congress: 222, PWP: 7, Jan Sangh: 5 . (CMs: Vasantrao Naik, Shankarrao Chavan, Vasantdada Patil) 
- 1978: Total: 288. Janata: 99, Congress: 69, Congress(Indira): 62 . (CMs: Vasantdada Patil (Cong), Sharad Pawar (Rebel Cong)) 
- 1980: Total: 288. Congress(I): 186 ; Opposition : Sharad Congress: 47, Janata Party: 17, BJP: 14 (CMs: A R Antulay + Babasaheb Bhosale + Vasantdada Patil)
- 1985: Total: 288. Congress(I): 161 ; Opposition : Sharad Congress: 54, Janata Party: 20, BJP: 16 (CMs: Shivajirao Patil Nilangekar + Shankarrao Chavan + (after merging with Congress) Sharad Pawar)
- 1990: Total: 288. Congress: 141 ; Shiv Sena + BJP: 52 + 42. (Congress CMs: Sharad Pawar + Sudhakarrao Naik + again Sharad Pawar)
- 1995: Total: 288. Shiv Sena + BJP: 73+65 (138); Congress: 80. (Shiv Sena CMs: Manohar Joshi + Narayan Rane)
- 1999: Total: 288. Congress: 75; Pawar's NCP: 58; Shiv Sena + BJP: 69+56=125 . Post-poll Cong-NCP alliance (Congress CMs: Vilasrao Deshmukh + Sushilkumar Shinde)
- 2004: Total: 288. Congress + NCP: 69+71 (140); Shiv Sena + BJP: 62+54 (Congress CMs: Vilasrao Deshmukh + Ashok Chavan)
- 2009: Total: 288. Congress + NCP: 82+62 (144); Shiv Sena + BJP: 44+46 (Congress CMs: Ashok Chavan + Prithviraj Chavan)
- 2014: Total: 288. BJP+Allies: 122+1, Shiv Sena: 63, Congress: 42, NCP (Sharad Pawar's Party): 41 (CMs: Devendra Fadnavis (BJP))
- Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha
- Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election, 1962
- Maharashtra Legislative Assembly election, 1967
- "Lok Sabha Results 1951-52". Election Commission of India.
- "Statistical Report on Lok Sabha Elections 1951-52" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Lok Sabha Results 1962". Election Commission of India.
- "Bombay State Vidhan Sabha Elections, 1952" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Statistical Report on Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha Elections, 1962" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Statistical Report on General Election, 1972 to the Legislative Assembly of Maharashtra" (PDF). Election Commission of India.
- "Statistical Report on General Election, 1978 to the Legislative Assembly of Maharashtra" (PDF). Election Commission of India.