Elections in Namibia

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Namibia

Elections in Namibia gives information on election and election results in Namibia.

Namibia elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term by the people. The Parliament is bicameral in nature. Until 2014 the National Assembly had 78 members of which 72 were elected by direct popular vote using the proportional representation and a maximum of 6 non-voting members are appointed by the president. The members are elected for a five-year term. Since then the number of elected seats to the National Assembly was increased to 96 to allow for wider representation of the population.[1] The National Council has 26 members, elected for a six-year term in double-seat constituencies (regions). Namibia is a democratic but one party dominant state with the South West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) in power.

Opposition parties are allowed, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power. Upon independence of Namibia the territory inherited a populace divided along ethnic groups, and political parties representing these ethnicities. While this is also true for SWAPO which was founded to represent the Ovambo people, the ruling party has garnered national support due to its role in the fight for independence. Opposition parties have had little success in national elections, and their representation in the lower house has been dwindling steadily.[1]

Current Results[edit]

President[edit]

e • d Summary of the 28 November 2014 Namibian presidential election results
Candidate Party Votes %
Hage Geingob SWAPO 772,528 86.73
McHenry Venaani Democratic Turnhalle Alliance 44,271 4.97
Hidipo Hamutenya Rally for Democracy and Progress 30,197 3.39
Asser Mbai National Unity Democratic Organisation 16,740 1.88
Henk Mudge Republican Party 8,676 0.97
Ignatius Shixwameni All People's Party 7,266 0.82
Usutuaije Maamberua SWANU 5,028 0.56
Ben Ulenga Congress of Democrats 3,518 0.39
Jan Mukwilongo Namibian Economic Freedom Fighters 2,514 0.28
Total 890,738 100.00
Registered voters 1,241,194 71.76
Source: Notemba Tjipueja (1 December 2014): Official Announcement of Final Election Results of the 2014 Presidential and National Assembly Elections, Electoral Commission of Namibia

National Assembly[edit]

e • d Summary of the 28 November 2014 National Assembly of Namibia election results
Parties Votes % Seats +/–
SWAPO 715,026 80.01 77 Increase23
Democratic Turnhalle Alliance 42,933 4.80 5 Increase3
Rally for Democracy and Progress 31,372 3.51 3 Decrease5
All People's Party 20,431 2.29 2 Increase1
United Democratic Front 18,945 2.12 2 0
National Unity Democratic Organisation 17,942 2.01 2 0
Workers Revolutionary Party 13,328 1.49 2 Increase2
SWANU 6,354 0.71 1 0
Republican Party 6,099 0.68 1 0
United People's Movement 6,353 0.71 1 New
Congress of Democrats 3,404 0.38 0 Decrease1
Namibian Economic Freedom Fighters 3,259 0.36 0 New
Monitor Action Group 3,073 0.34 0 0
Christian Democratic Voice 2,606 0.29 0 New
National Democratic Party 1,389 0.16 0 0
Democratic Party of Namibia 1,131 0.13 0 0
Total 893,643 100 96 Increase24
Registered voters/turnout 1,241,194 72.00
Source: Notemba Tjipueja (1 December 2014): Official Announcement of Final Election Results of the 2014 Presidential and National Assembly Elections, Electoral Commission of Namibia

History[edit]

Before Namibian independence the territory was known as South West Africa. All elections until 1978 were only for Whites,[2] but even then several parties representing the indigenous population, among them SWAPO, were excluded.[3]

The first parliamentary elections were held in Namibia between 7 and 11 November 1989. These elections were for the Constituent Assembly of Namibia, which, upon independence in March 1990, became the National Assembly of Namibia. SWAPO won as expected, gaining 41 of the 72 seats, but not with the margin that was anticipated. Support for the opposition parties Democratic Turnhalle Alliance (DTA, 21 seats) and United Democratic Front (UDF, 4 seats) was strong in the former bantustans including Hereroland and Damaraland.[4] Since then, election results of the opposition parties have been dwindling steadily. For instance the DTA gained 15 seats in 1994, 7 seats in 1999, and 4 seats in 2004. As of 2017 the state of the opposition has been described as "on the verge of collapsing".[1]

Past elections[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Iikela, Sakeus (24 August 2017). "Where is the opposition ... when Swapo is fighting itself?". The Namibian. p. 6-7. 
  2. ^ Mudge, Dirk. The art of compromise: Constitution-making in Namibia (PDF). Konrad Adenauer Foundation. p. 126. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  3. ^ Dierks, Klaus. "Chronology of Namibian History, 1978". klausdierks.com. Retrieved 18 September 2014. 
  4. ^ Wren, Christopher S (15 November 1989). "Namibia Rebel Group Wins Vote, But It Falls Short of Full Control". New York Times. 

External links[edit]