Elections in Papua New Guinea

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Papua New Guinea

Elections in Papua New Guinea gives information on election and election results in Papua New Guinea.

Papua New Guinea elects on national level a legislature. The National Parliament has 111 members, elected for a five-year term in single-seat constituencies.[1] Papua New Guinea has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

Electorates[edit]

Members of Parliament represent the 111 single-member electorates. The 20 provinces, the Autonomous Region of Bougainville and the National Capital District each elect a governor, who is also a representative in the parliament. Additionally there are 89 local ("Open") electorates, of which three are in the National Capital District and 86 are in the provinces, with boundaries of the latter corresponding directly to administrative districts.[1][2]

The Electoral Boundaries Commission, reporting in February 2006, suggested an additional 26 Open electorates be created. Legally, electoral boundaries must be reviewed every ten years, but due to political instability, no review occurred for 30 years. The future of the provincial electorates is under debate.

Lady Carol Kidu, after being elected as the only female Member of Parliament in the 2007 general election, called for seats to be reserved for women to improve the representation of women in Parliament. She suggested that the 20 provincial seats could be reserved for women by the 2012 election.[3]

Electoral system[edit]

Candidates are elected using limited instant-runoff voting where the voter has to rank 3 candidates, known locally as Limited preferential voting.[4] A candidate has to have majority of votes to be elected. If no one has an absolute majority of first preference votes, the candidates with the fewest votes are eliminated, and the votes are transferred to the voters next preferred candidate until one candidate has at least half of the remaining votes. The current system was first used for a by-election in 2003,[5] and subsequently for the 2007 Elections. Previously, first-past-the-post voting was used.[2]

Latest elections[edit]

Party Candidates Seats won % of seats
People's National Congress Party 89 27 24.32%
Triumph Heritage Empowerment Rural Party 72 12 10.81%
Papua New Guinea Party 88 8 7.21%
National Alliance Party 75 7 6.31%
United Resources Party 48 7 6.31%
People's Party 49 6 5.41%
People's Progress Party 40 6 5.41%
Social Democratic Party 40 3 2.7%
Coalition for Reform Party 15 2 2.7%
Melanesian Liberal Party 5 2 2.7%
New Generation Party 27 2 2.7%
People's Movement for Change Party 51 2 2.7%
People's United Assembly Party 29 2 2.7%
People's Democratic Movement 19 2 2.7%
Indigenous People's Party 44 1 0.9%
Our Development Party 22 1 0.9%
Pangu Party 60 1 0.9%
Papua New Guinea Constitutional Democratic Party 39 1 0.9%
PNG Country Party 46 1 0.9%
Stars Alliance Party 22 1 0.9%
United Party 20 1 0.9%
Independent 2197 16 14.41%
Total 111 100%
Source: PNG Electoral Commission


Past elections[edit]

Parliamentary elections were held from 30 June 2007 to 10 July 2007. For the first time, the election did not use first past the post (which has in the past resulted in a very volatile political system, with the election of a candidate being largely a matter of chance due to the large number of candidates), but rather limited preferential voting.

e • d Summary of the 30 June–14 July 2007 National Parliament of Papua New Guinea election results
Party Seats +/–
Elected After party changes
National Alliance Party 27 30 +11
Papua New Guinea Party 8 +8
People's Action Party 6 +1
Pangu Party 5 –1
People's Democratic Movement 5 –7
United Resources Party 5 +4
People's Progress Party 4 5 –3
New Generation Party 4 +4
People's National Congress Party 4 5 +3
People's Party 3 +3
Rural Development Party 4 +4
Melanesian Liberal Party 2 +2
People's Labour Party 2 –2
PNG Country Party 2 +1
United Party 2 –1
Melanesian Alliance Party 1 –2
National Advance Party 1 +1
Pipol First Party 1 –1
PNG Labour Party 1 ±0
PNG National Party 1 –2
PNG Conservative Party 1 0 ±0
Independents 20 16 –1
Total (turnout %) 109  

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "About Our Parliament". National Parliament of Papua New Guinea. Archived from the original on 27 July 2015. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  2. ^ a b "Papua New Guinea National Elections 2012: Final Report". Commonwealth of Nations. 13 September 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  3. ^ "PNG MP wants dedicated seats for women". The Sydney Morning Herald. 23 July 2007. Retrieved 2007-07-25. External link in |publisher= (help)
  4. ^ "Voting". Electoral commission of Papua New Guinea. Archived from the original on 16 March 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2015.
  5. ^ "PNG voting system praised by new MP". ABC. 12 December 2003. Archived from the original on 4 January 2005. Retrieved 19 May 2015.

External links[edit]