Elections in Portugal

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Elections in Portugal gives information on election and election results in Portugal.

Only the elections since the Carnation Revolution of 1974 are listed here. During the period encompassing the Constitutional Monarchy and the First Republic there were also elections, but only for a limited universe of voters. During the Estado Novo regime, from 1926 to 1974, the few elections held were not up to the democratic standards of their time and never resulted in power transfer.

Portugal elects on a national level the President and the national Parliament, the Assembly of the Republic. The President is elected for a five-year term by the people while the Parliament has 230 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation in multi-seat constituencies, the districts. Also on a national level, Portugal elects 21 members of the European Parliament.

The Autonomous Regions of Azores and Madeira elect their own regional government for a four-year term, usually on the same day. The first regional elections were held in 1976.

On a local level, 308 Municipal Chambers and Municipal Assemblies and 3,092[1] Parish Assemblies are elected for a four-year term in separate elections that usually occur on the same day.

Latest elections[edit]

2015 Parliamentary election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 4 October 2015 Assembly of the Republic elections results
Assembly of the Republic election, 2015 results.svg
Parties Votes % ±pp swing MPs MPs %/
votes %
2011 2015 ± % ±
Portugal Ahead (PSD / CDS–PP)[a] 1,993,504 36.86 Decrease10.9 124 102 Decrease22 44.35 Decrease10.5 1.20
Socialist Party 1,747,730 32.32 Increase4.3 74 86 Increase12 37.39 Increase5.2 1.16
Left Bloc 550,945 10.19 Increase5.0 8 19 Increase11 8.26 Increase4.8 0.81
Unitary Democratic Coalition 445,901 8.25 Increase0.4 16 17 Increase1 7.39 Increase0.4 0.90
Social Democratic[b] 81,041 1.49 N/A 7 5 Decrease2 2.17 Decrease0.9 1.45
People-Animals-Nature 75,170 1.39 Increase0.4 0 1 Increase1 0.43 Increase0.4 0.31
Democratic Republican 61,920 1.13 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
Workers' Communist Party 60,045 1.11 Decrease0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
FREE/Time to move Foward 39,330 0.73 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
National Renovator Party 27,286 0.50 Increase0.2 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Earth Party 22,627 0.42 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
We, the Citizens! 21,382 0.40 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
Labour / Socialist Alternative (ACT!) 20,793 0.38 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
People's Monarchist 14,916 0.28 Increase0.0 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Together for the People 14,275 0.26 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
United Party of Retirees and Pensioners 13,899 0.26 N/A N/A 0 N/A 0.00 N/A 0.0
People's[c] 7,496 0.14 N/A 1 0 Decrease1 0.00 Decrease0.4 0.0
People's / People's Monarchist[d] 3,624 0.07 N/A 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Christian Democratic and Citizenship 2,685 0.05 Decrease0.1 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Labour[e] 1,744 0.03 N/A 0 0 Steady0 0.00 Steady0.0 0.0
Total valid 5,206,113 96.27 Increase0.4 230 230 Steady0 100.00 Steady0.0
Blank ballots 112,955 2.09 Decrease0.6
Invalid ballots 89,024 1.65 Increase0.3
Total (turnout 55.84%) 5,408,092 100.00 Decrease2.2
Source: Diário da República - Resultados Oficias

2011 Presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 23 January 2011 Portuguese presidential election results
Candidates Supporting parties First round
Votes %
Aníbal Cavaco Silva Social Democratic Party, People's Party, Hope for Portugal Movement 2,231,956 52.95
Manuel Alegre Socialist Party, Left Bloc, Democratic Party of the Atlantic, Workers' Communist Party 831,838 19.74
Fernando Nobre Independent 593,021 14.07
Francisco Lopes Portuguese Communist Party, Ecologist Party "The Greens" 301,017 7.14
José Manuel Coelho New Democracy Party 189,918 4.51
Defensor Moura Independent 67,110 1.59
Total valid 4,214,860 100.00
Blank ballots 192,127 4.28
Invalid ballots 85,466 1.90
Total (turnout 46.52%) 4,492,453
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

Past elections and referendums[edit]

Election results 1975-2015[edit]

Summary of Portuguese elections for the Assembly of the Republic, 1975-2015
Parties (listed by date of foundation) 1975* 1976 1979 1980 1983 1985 1987 1991 1995 1999 2002 2005 2009 2011 2015
Portuguese Communist Party (PCP) 12.5 14.4 - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Portuguese Democratic Movement (MDP) 4.1 - - - - - 0.6 - - - - - - - -
Socialist Party (PS) 37.9 34.9 27.3 1.1 36.1 20.8 22.2 29.1 43.8 44.1 37.8 45.0 36.6 28.1 32.3
Social Democratic Party (PSD) 26.4 24.4 2.4 2.5 27.2 29.9 50.2 50.6 34.1 32.3 40.2 28.8 29.1 38.7 1.5
People´s Party (CDS–PP) 7.6 16.0 0.4 0.2 12.6 10.0 4.4 4.4 9.1 8.3 8.7 7.2 10.4 11.7 0.2
People's Democratic Union (UDP) 0.8 1.7 2.2 1.4 0.5 1.3 0.9 0.1 0.6 - - - - - -
United People Alliance (APU) - - 18.8 16.8 18.1 15.5 - - - - - - - - -
Democratic Alliance (AD) - - 42.5 44.9 - - - - - - - - - - -
Republican and Socialist Front (FRS) - - - 26.7 - - - - - - - - - - -
Democratic Renewal Party (PRD) - - - - - 17.9 4.9 0.6 - - - - - - -
Democratic Unity Coalition (CDU) - - - - - - 12.1 8.8 8.6 9.0 6.9 7.5 7.9 7.9 8.3
National Solidarity Party (PSN) - - - - - - - 1.7 0.2 0.2 - - - - -
Left Bloc (BE) - - - - - - - - - 2.4 2.7 6.4 9.8 5.2 10.2
People-Animals-Nature (PAN) - - - - - - - - - - - - - 1.0 1.4
Portugal Ahead (PàF) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 36.9
Other parties; Invalid votes 10.7 8.6 6.4 6.4 5.5 4.6 4.7 4.7 3.6 3.7 3.7 5.1 6.2 7.5 9.2
Turnout 91.7 83.5 82.9 83.9 77.8 74.2 71.6 67.8 66.3 61.1 61.5 64.3 59.7 58.0 55.9
*The 1975 election was for the Constituent Assembly.
Source: Comissão Nacional de Eleições

Autonomous Regions elections[edit]

Portugal has two autonomous regions, Azores and Madeira, that elect their own representatives for the regional parliaments every 4 years. The first elections were in 1976 and usually they were both held in the same day until 2007 when Madeira held an early election and Azores held its election the next year. The last election in Azores was in 2012, and the next election is scheduled for October 2016 ; Madeira held a snap election in March 2015.

European Parliament elections[edit]

Referendums[edit]

The Constitution of Portugal defines referendum in Article 115.[2] The referendum is called by the President of Portugal, on a proposal submitted by the Assembly or the Government. The President can refuse a proposal for referendum submitted to him by the Assembly or the Government if it is found to be unconstitutional or illegal. Referendums are binding if turnout is higher than 50% of registered voters.

Citizens of Portugal have the right to submit to the Assembly an initiative for a referendum.

The referendum can be held only on "important issues concerning the national interest which the Assembly of the Republic or the Government must decide by approving an international convention or passing a legislative act" (paragraph 3[2]). The referendum cannot be held on amendments to the Constitution, budget, taxes, finances and competences of the Assembly, except when issue is the object of an international convention, except when the international convention concerns peace or the rectification of borders.

There have been four nationwide referendums in the History of Portugal:

The Constitutional referendum of 1933 did not comply with the standards of a democratic suffrage, as, for example, abstentions were counted as supportive votes. It resulted in the establishing of the Estado Novo regime.

The later three referendums, held in the context of a Western-style liberal democracy had turnout less than 50%, so they were not binding. Nonetheless, decissions of all three referendums were honoured.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Electoral lists only in continental Portugal.
  2. ^ Electoral list only in Madeira and Azores.
  3. ^ Electoral list only in Madeira.
  4. ^ Electoral list only in Azores.
  5. ^ Electoral list only in Madeira.

References[edit]

External links[edit]