Elections in San Marino

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Coat of arms of San Marino.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
San Marino

Elections in San Marino gives information on election and election results in San Marino.

San Marino elects on national level a legislature. The Grand and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale) has 60 members, elected for a five-year term by semi-proportional representation with national majority bonus (the winning coalition receives at least 35 seats on 60).

San Marino has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments.

The first elections were held in March 1906 after the Arengo held on the same year that established democracy in the country. Between 1926 and 1943, the Sammarinese Fascist Party takes the power and the rest of parties are banned. Democracy is restored in 1945. Since early 2008, there is an electoral threshold of 3.5%. Since 2016, if none of the coalitions achieves an absolute majority of seats, a runoff between the two largest coalitions is held.

General elections[edit]

Last election[edit]

A parliamentary election was held in San Marino on 20 November 2016. The election was contested by two major coalitions: San Marino First (centre-right) and Adesso.sm (centre-left).

Summary of 20 November 2016 Grand and General Council of San Marino election results
Coalition Party First round Second round
Votes % Seats[a] Votes % Seats[b] +/–
San Marino First Sammarinese Christian Democratic Party 4,752 24.5 16 6,889 42.1 10 −11
Socialist Party 1,496 7.7 5 3 −4
Party of Socialists and Democrats 1,392 7.2 4 3 −7
Sammarinese (NS–SsC) 414 2.1 0 0
Direct coalition votes 44 0.2 0 0
Total 8,098 41.7 25 16 −22
Adesso.sm Democratic Socialist Left (SUPRLabDem) 2,352 12.1 8 9,482 57.9 14 +9
Future Republic (APUR) 1,865 9.6 6 11 +6
Civic 10 1,800 9.3 6 10 +6
Direct coalition votes 88 0.5 0 0
Total 6,105 31.4 20 35 +21
Democracy in Motion RETE Movement 3,561 18.3 12 8 +4
Democratic Movement – San Marino Together 872 4.5 3 1 New
Direct coalition votes 70 0.4 0 0
Total 4,503 23.2 15 9 +4
List of Free People 412 2.1 0 0 New
Sammarinese Democratic Revival 309 1.6 0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 849 653
Total 20,276 100 60 17,024 100 60 0
Registered voters/turnout 33,985 59.7 33,985 50.1
Source: Segreteria di Stato Libertas
  1. ^ Initial allocation of seats
  2. ^ Final allocation of seats

Election results 1945–2016[edit]

Summary of Sammarinese elections for the Grand and General Council, 1945–2016
Election Round PSDS PCS PSS PDCS PSIS MLS SR AP SU AN PSD PS UPR C10 RETE Oth. Turnout
1945 (PDCS) 66.0 (PCS) 34.0 57.4
1949 (PDCS) 57.7 (PCS) 42.3 67.5
1951 5.6 29.3 22.1 43.0 62.6
1955 4.7 31.6 25.5 38.2 70.1
1959 (PSIS) 26.0 13.8 44.3 15.9 85.7
1964 24.1 10.7 46.8 16.2 2.2 84.0
1969 22.8 11.9 44.0 18.0 2.1 1.2 79.5
1974 23.6 13.9 39.6 15.4 1.6 5.9 79.7
1978 25.1 13.8 42.3 11.1 4.2 3.5 79.0
1983 24.4 14.8 42.1 13.9 2.9 1.9 79.7
1988 28.7 11.1 44.1 13.6 1.1 1.4 81.1
1993 18.6 23.7 41.4 7.7 3.4 5.2 80.0
1998 18.6 23.2 40.9 4.2 9.8 3.3 75.3
2001 20.6 24.0 41.1 9.0 3.4 1.9 73.8
2006 (PdS) (PdS) 32.9 12.1 8.7 2.3 31.8 5.4 6.8 71.8
2008 31.9 11.5 8.6 4.2 32.0 6.3 4.9 0.7 68.5
2012 29.5 6.7 9.1 1.7 14.3 12.1 8.4 6.7 6.3 5.2 63.9
2016 1st 24.5 9.6 12.1 7.2 7.7 (AP) 9.3 18.3 11.3 59.7
2nd 42.1 (SU) 57.9 (PDCS) (PDCS) (SU) 50.1

Local elections[edit]

Local elections are held every 5 years in all the municipalities, to elect the municipal councils (giunte di castello) and the mayors (capitani di castello). The last elections were held on 30 November 2014. Proportional representation is used to allocate the seats. Voters have up to 2 preference votes.

Referendums[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]