Elections in Sri Lanka
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Sri Lanka elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. Sri Lanka has a multi party system, with two dominant political parties. All elections are administered by the Election Commission of Sri Lanka.
The president is directly elected for a five-year term, through a version of Instant-runoff voting in which electors rank up to three candidates, and limited to only two rounds in total. If no candidate wins a majority in the first round of voting, second and third preferences from ballots whose first preference candidate has been eliminated are used to determine the winner. However, there has never been an instance where a "run-off" count has been needed since the introduction of directly elected president in the 1980s, as a candidate reached 50% in the first count in all elections.
The Parliament has 225 members, elected for a five-year term, 196 members elected in multi-seat constituencies through proportional representation system where each party is allocated a number of seats from the quota for each district according to the proportion of the total vote that party obtains in the district. The other 29 which is called the national list are appointed by each party secretary according to the island wide proportional vote the party obtains.
2015 Presidential election
|Maithripala Sirisena||New Democratic Front||6,217,162||51.28%|
|Mahinda Rajapaksa||United People's Freedom Alliance||5,768,090||47.58%|
|Ratnayake Arachchige Sirisena||Patriotic National Front||18,174||0.15%|
|Namal Ajith Rajapaksa||Our National Front||15,726||0.13%|
|Maulawi Ibrahim Mohanmed Mishlar||United Peace Front||14,379||0.12%|
|A. S. P. Liyanage||Sri Lanka Labour Party||14,351||0.12%|
|Ruwanthileke Peduru||United Lanka People's Party||12,436||0.10%|
|Aithurus M. Illias||Independent||10,618||0.09%|
|Duminda Nagamuwa||Frontline Socialist Party||9,941||0.08%|
|Siritunga Jayasuriya||United Socialist Party||8,840||0.07%|
|Sarath Manamendra||New Sinhala Heritage||6,875||0.06%|
|Pani Wijesiriwardene||Socialist Equality Party||4,277||0.04%|
|Sundaram Mahendran||Nava Sama Samaja Party||4,047||0.03%|
|Muthu Bandara Theminimulla||All Are Citizens, All Are Kings Organisation||3,846||0.03%|
|Battaramulle Seelarathana||Jana Setha Peramuna||3,750||0.03%|
|Prasanna Priyankara||Democratic National Movement||2,793||0.02%|
|Jayantha Kulathunga||United Lanka Great Council||2,061||0.02%|
|Wimal Geeganage||Sri Lanka National Front||1,826||0.02%|
2015 Parliamentary election
|Alliances and parties||Votes||%||Seats|
|Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna||544,154||4.87%||4||2||6|
|Sri Lanka Muslim Congress[ii]||44,193||0.40%||1||0||1|
|Eelam People's Democratic Party||33,481||0.30%||1||0||1|
|All Ceylon Makkal Congress[i]||33,102||0.30%||0||0||0|
|Ceylon Workers' Congress[iv]||17,107||0.15%||0||0||0|
|Frontline Socialist Party||7,349||0.07%||0||0||0|
|United People's Party||5,353||0.05%||0||0||0|
- Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Election for President
- "Presidential Election 08-01-2015 – Official Results – All Island Final Result". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
- Presidential Elections 2015Districts Results by Polling Divisionand All Island Results
- "Parliamentary Election - 17-08-2015 - Official Election Results — All Island Results". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.
- "Parliamentary Election - 17-08-2015 - Official Election Results — Composition of the Parliament". Department of Elections, Sri Lanka.