Elections in Uganda

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Uganda provides national elections for a president and a legislature. The president is elected for a five-year term. The Parliament is composed of members directly elected to represent constituencies, and one woman representative for every district; as well representatives of special interest groups, including the army, youth, workers and persons with disabilities.

Overview[edit]

The first national election in Uganda was the Uganda National Assembly election of 1962. An alliance between the Uganda People's Congress (UPC) and Kabaka Yekka (KY) won the majority of parliamentary seats, and formed Uganda's first post-independence government with Obote as executive Prime Minister.[1]

A period of dictatorship and political strife, including the tenures of Idi Amin, Yusuf Lule and Godfrey Binaisa, meant no elections were held until the presidential election of December 1980. Obote was pronounced the winner amid bitter dispute and allegations of electoral fraud. Yoweri Museveni, one of the presidential aspirants, declared an armed rebellion, and waged a guerrilla war (the Ugandan Bush War) against the government of Obote. Museveni's National Resistance Army (NRA) took power in 1986 from the government of Gen. Tito Okello Lutwa who had six months earlier toppled Obote's UPC government in a July 27, 1985 military coup, making him president.

Museveni and his National Resistance Movement (NRM) created a form of "no-party democracy", banning political parties from fielding candidates directly in elections.[2] In the "no-party" presidential election in 1996, Museveni defeated Paul Ssemogerere and Mohamed Mayanja by a landslide. Although international and domestic observers described the vote as valid, both the losing candidates rejected the results.[2] In the following presidential election, held in 2001, Museveni won by a substantial majority, with Kizza Besigye as the only real challenger. Despite a protest against the results, citing massive voter intimidation and rigging, the outcome was accepted by the Supreme Court of Uganda.

In the 2005 constitutional referendum, Ugandans voted to restore a multi-party political system, lifting the 19-year restriction on the activities of political parties. The 2006 general election was the first multiparty election in 25 years. Museveni won 59% of the presidential vote, and his party, the National Resistance Movement, won the majority of parliamentary seats. Pop star and opposition leader with Bobi Wine has announced his intention to challenge Museveni for the presidency in the 2021 election.[3]

Latest elections[edit]

Presidential elections[edit]

CandidatePartyVotes%
Yoweri MuseveniNational Resistance Movement5,971,87260.62
Kizza BesigyeForum for Democratic Change3,508,68735.61
Amama MbabaziGo Forward136,5191.39
Abed BwanikaPeople's Development Party89,0050.90
Venansius BaryamureebaIndependent52,7980.54
Faith KyalyaIndependent42,8330.43
Benon BiraaroUganda Farmers Party25,6000.26
Joseph MabiriziIndependent24,4980.25
Total9,851,812100.00
Valid votes9,851,81295.38
Invalid/blank votes477,3194.62
Total votes10,329,131100.00
Registered voters/turnout15,277,19867.61
Source: EC, EC

Parliamentary elections[edit]

Ouganda Parlement 2016.svg
PartyConstituencyWomenSeats
Votes%SeatsVotes%SeatsAppointedTotal+/–
National Resistance Movement3,945,00048.881993,566,61748.958410293+30
Forum for Democratic Change1,027,64812.7329929,86012.767036+2
Democratic Party349,9624.3413246,2843.382015+3
Uganda People's Congress172,7812.144236,1643.24206–4
Justice Forum20,0890.25016,7410.230000
Ugandan Federal Alliance18,1460.22000.00000
Conservative Party10,7920.1302,9020.040000
Social Democratic Party5,9720.07000.00000
Republican Women and Youth Party2,3110.0308,5020.120000
People's Progressive Party2,1850.03016,7200.230000
Uganda Patriotic Movement4700.01000.00000
Activist Party1750.00000.00000
Independents2,515,16331.16442,261,89731.0517566+23
Uganda People's Defence Force10100
Total8,070,694100.002897,285,687100.0011225426+51
Registered voters/turnout15,277,19815,277,198
Source: EC, Election Passport

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ History of Parliament Archived 2010-02-20 at the Wayback Machine (Website of the Parliament of Uganda)
  2. ^ a b Nelson Kasfir (1998). ""No-Party Democracy" in Uganda". Journal of Democracy. 9 (2): 49–63. doi:10.1353/jod.1998.0029.
  3. ^ "Uganda's Bobi Wine charged with 'annoying' Museveni". THE KENYAN. 2019-08-07. Retrieved 2019-11-09.

External links[edit]