Elections in Uttarakhand

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Uttarakhand

Elections for the Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly in Uttarakhand state, India are conducted in accordance with the Constitution of India. The Assembly of Uttarakhand creates laws regarding the conduct of local body elections unilaterally while any changes by the state legislature to the conduct of state level elections need to be approved by the Parliament of India. In addition, the state legislature may be dismissed by the Parliament according to Article 356 of the Indian Constitution and President's rule may be imposed.

Main Political Parties[edit]

BJP: Bharatiya Janata Party
INC: Indian National Congress
SP: Samajwadi Party (Supremo: Mulayam Singh Yadav), BSP: Bahujan Samaj Party

Lok Sabha Elections[edit]

14th Lok sabha Election, 2004[edit]

15th Lok sabha Election, 2009[edit]

  • Congress (United Progressive Alliance): 5 out of 5 seats.
  • BJP (National Democratic Alliance): Zero

16th Lok sabha Election, 2014[edit]

  • BJP (National Democratic Alliance): 5 out of 5 seats.
  • Congress (United Progressive Alliance): Zero

Vidhan Sabha Elections[edit]

1st Assembly Election 2002[edit]

Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly election, 2002
India
February 14, 2002 (2002-02-14) → 2007

All 70 assembly constituencies
36 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg
Leader N. D. Tiwari B. S. Koshyari
Party INC BJP
Seats won 36 19

Chief Minister before election

B. S. Koshyari
BJP

Elected Chief Minister

N. D. Tiwari
INC

Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly election, 2002 were the first Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) elections of the state. When the Indian National Congress emerged as the largest party with 36 seats in the 70-seat legislature. The Bharatiya Janata Party is the official opposition, holding 19 seats.

Rank Party Seats Contested Seats Won  % Votes  % Votes in
Seats Contested
1 Indian National Congress (INC) 70 36 - -
2 Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 69 19 - -
3 Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 68 8 - -
4 Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (UKD) 62 4 - -
5 Independents 70 3 - -
Total 70

2nd Assembly Election 2007[edit]

Uttarakhand Legislative Assembly election, 2007
India
2002 ←
February 21, 2007 (2007-02-21) → 2012

All 70 assembly constituencies
36 seats needed for a majority
  Majority party Minority party
  Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg
Leader B C Khanduri Narayan Dutt Tiwari
Party BJP INC
Last election 19 36
Seats after 34 21
Seat change Increase 11 Decrease 15

Chief Minister before election

Narayan Dutt Tiwari
INC

Elected Chief Minister

B C Khanduri
BJP

Uttarakhand state assembly elections, 2007 were the second Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly) of the state.When the Bharatiya Janata Party emerged as the largest party with 34 seats in the 70-seat legislature. One seat short of forming a majority, the BJP have had to rely on support from the Uttarakhand Kranti Dal and three independents to form the government. The Indian National Congress is the official opposition, holding 21 seats.

Rank Party Seats Contested Seats Won
1 Bharatiya Janata Party 69 34
4 Uttarakhand Kranti Dal 61 3
4 Independent 240 3
2 Indian National Congress 69 21
3 Bahujan Samaj Party 69 8
Total 69/70

After protracted discussions it was announced the B C Khanduri would be Chief Minister and Bhagat Singh Koshiyari was to manage party work.

3rd Assembly Election 2012[edit]

Uttarakhand legislative assembly election, 2012
India
2007 ←
January 30, 2012 (2012-01-30) → 2017

All 70 assembly constituencies
  Majority party Minority party
  Flag of the Indian National Congress.svg
Leader Vijay Bahuguna B C Khanduri
Party INC BJP
Last election 21 34
Seats won 32 31
Seat change Increase 11 Decrease 3

Chief Minister before election

B C Khanduri
BJP

Elected Chief Minister

Vijay Bahuguna,
Harish Rawat,
INC

Uttarakhand has turned out incumbent governments in the two elections held since its creation. The Bharatiya Janata Party fought the election under the leadership of its Chief Minister Bhuvan Chandra Khanduri. The main opposition Indian National Congress was led in the assembly by Harak Singh Rawat, but no Chief Ministerial candidate has been proposed. The interim tenure of former Chief Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal, which was marked by large-scale corruption accusations, was likely to be the main election issue.

The election took place on 30 January, with the result announced on 6 March. The INC's Vijay Bahuguna was appointed CM despite not having won a vote to be the party's leader in the legislative assembly. This came under criticism over corruption and caste as 24 of the 32 MLAs boycotted the swearing-in in support of the Rajput candidate Harish Rawat (whose caste is now a majority in Uttarakhand) as opposed to the Brahmin CM. Rawat also had the support of the outgoing leader of the opposition Harak Singh Rawat. The detailed result is given below:

Rank Party Seats Contested Seats Won  % Votes  % Votes in
Seats Contested
1 Indian National Congress (INC) 70 32 33.79 33.79
3 Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) 70 3 12.19 12.19
4 Independents 3 12.34
5 Uttarakhand Kranti Dal (P) 44 1 1.93 3.18
2 Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 70 31 33.13 33.13
Total 70

Notably the incumbent CM BC Khanduri lost his seat.
Vijay Bahuguna Won Bye-Election held on 8 July from SITARGANJ seat vacated due to resignation of BJP MLA Kiran Mandal.
Thus Increasing Congress Seats to 33
And Reducing BJP strength to 30

References[edit]

http://eci.gov.in/eci_main/StatisticalReports/AE2012/Statistical_Report_UKT2012.pdf parliamentary Lok Sabha elections 2014 in uttarakhand