Elections in Vietnam
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|This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Vietnamese people elect a legislature called National Assembly via a direct system. The National Assembly (Quốc Hội) has 500 delegates, elected for a five-year term. The Chairman of the National Assembly of Vietnam is elected from delegates of the National Assembly. Vietnam is a single-party state. This means that only one political party, the Communist Party of Vietnam is legally allowed to hold effective power.
The President of Vietnam (Chủ tịch nước) is elected by the National Assembly, thus an indirect system. The Prime Minister of Vietnam (Thủ tướng) and Chief Justice (Chánh án Tối cao) of Vietnam are appointed by the President and approved by the National Assembly. The Ministers are then appointed by the Prime Minister and also approved by the National Assembly.
At the May 20, 2007 election only the Vietnamese Fatherland Front, a front of the Communist Party of Vietnam, mass organizations and affiliated, and some non-partisans were allowed to participate. 1 member is self-nominated and is not a member of the VFF. 42 seats were won by non-party candidates. The president is elected for a five-year term by the parliament. More than 99% of all candidates were selected by Communist Party and most of them were from their own party.
People's Council (Hội đồng Nhân dân) is the local legislature of provinces and municipalities of Vietnam. People in the provinces or municipalities elect a People's Council via a direct system. The number of councilors of People's Council depends on the population of that province or municipality. The People's Council is elected for a five-year term. The Chairman of People's Council is elected from the councilors.
The People's Council elects a People's Committee (Ủy ban Nhân dân) as the executive body, thus an indirect system. The People's Committee consists of a Chairman and a number of commissioners.
The Judge of the People's Court (Tòa án Nhân dân) of each province or municipality is appointed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme People's Court of Vietnam.
|Parties and coalitions||Seats||+/–|
|Vietnamese Fatherland Front (Mặt Trận Tổ Quốc Việt Nam)||Communist Party of Vietnam (Đảng Cộng sản Việt Nam)||458||+8|
|Total parliamentary seats||500||+7|
|Sources: Central Election Council|
|Vietnamese Fatherland Front (Mặt Trận Tổ Quốc Việt Nam)
- "Election results for NA and People’s Council deputies announced". Voice of Vietnam. 3 June 2011. Retrieved 11 April 2011.