Elections in Yemen

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Yemen elects on national level a head of state (the president) and a legislature (the House of Representatives). There is universal suffrage for those age 18 and older. Yemen is usually considered a dominant-party state with the General People's Congress (GPC) in power. Opposition parties are allowed, but are widely considered to have no real chance of gaining power.

The president is elected for a seven-year term by popular vote from at least two candidates endorsed by legislature.[1] The first nationwide direct presidential election was held in 1999. Following the 2011–12 revolution, president Ali Abdullah Saleh (the GPC leader) was forced to step down in 2012, marking the end of his 33-year rule. The acting president Abd Rabbuh Mansur al-Hadi's mandate was confirmed for a two-year term in the 2012 presidential election, where he ran unopposed.

The House of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwaab) has 301 members, elected for a six-year term in single-seat constituencies. The last legislative election took place in 2003 due to the repeated postponement of the election originally set for 27 April 2009.

In January 2014, the final session of the National Dialogue Conference (NDC) announced that both presidential and parliamentary elections had been delayed, and would occur within 9 months of a referendum on a new constitution which had yet to be drafted.[2] However both the GPC and Houthi representatives on the National Authority for Monitoring the Implementation of NDC Outcomes have refused to vote on the new constitution drafted by the constitution drafting committee, which submitted it in January 2015.[3]

Latest elections[edit]

2012 presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 21 February 2012 Yemeni presidential election results
Candidates – Nominating parties Votes %
Abd Rabbuh Mansur HadiGeneral People's Congress 6,621,921 99.80
Total votes (turnout 64.78%) 6,635,192 100.00
Registered voters 10,243,364  
Source: Le Figaro

2006 presidential election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 20 September 2006 Yemeni presidential election result
Candidates - Nominating parties Votes %
Ali Abdullah Saleh - General People's Congress 4,149,673 77.17
Faisal Bin Shamlan - Joint Meeting Parties (JMP) opposition coalition 1,173,075 21.82
Others 54,490 1.01
Total valid votes (turnout 65.2%) 5,377,238 100.00
Invalid votes 648,580
Total votes cast 6,025,818
Registered voters 9,248,456
Source: Yemen Times[page needed]

2003 parliamentary election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 27 April 2003 Yemen Assembly of Representatives election results
Parties Votes % Seats
General People's Congress (al-Mu'tammar al-Sha'bi al-'Am) 3,429,888 58.0 238
Yemeni Congregation for Reform (al-Tajmu al-Yamani li al-Islah) 1,333,394 22.6 46
Yemen Socialist Party (Hizb al-Ishtirakiya al-Yamaniya) 277,223 3.8 8
Nasserite Unionist People's Organisation (al-Tantheem al-Wahdawi al-Sha'bi al-Nasseri) 109,480 1.9 3
Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (Hizb al Baath al'Arabi al Ishtiraki) 40,377 0.7 2
National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (Hizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki Al-Qawmi) 23,745 0.4 0
Nasserite Popular Correctional Movement (al-Tashih al-Shabi al-Nasiri) 15,257 0.25 0
Yemeni Union of Popular Forces (Ittihad al-Qiwa al-Shabiyya) 11,967 0.2 0
Democratic Nasserite Party (al-Hizb al-Dimuqrati al-Nasiri) 9,829 0.16 0
Democratic National Front (al-Jabha al-Wataniya al-Dimuqratiyya) 7,056 0.12 0
Social Nationalist Party (Hizb al-Qawmi al-Ijtimai) 5,349 0.09 0
al-Haqq Party (Hizb al-Haqq) 4,585 0.08 0
People's Democratic Party (Hizb al-Shab al-Dimuqrati) 4,077 0.07 0
Democratic Union of Popular Forces (al-Ittihad al-Dimuqrati) 3,003 0.05 0
Social Green Party (Hizb al-Khudr al-Ijtimai) 2,276 0.04 0
Popular Unity Party (Hizb al-Wahda al-Shabiyya) 1,739 0.03 0
Yemeni League Party (Al Rabita al-Yamaniyya al-Shariyya) 1,383 0.02 0
Liberation Front Party (Hizb Jabhat al-Tahrir) 1,282 0.02 0
Popular Unionist Liberation Party (Hizb al-Tahrir al-Shabi al-Wahdawi) 1,241 0.02 0
Yemeni Unionist Gathering (al-Tajammu al-Wahdawi al-Yamani) 483 0.01 0
Democratic September Organization (al-Tanzim al-Sebtembri) 81 0.001 0
Non-partisans - . 4
Total (turnout 76.0%) 5,912,302 100.0 301
Source: electionguide.org. A number of candidates elected as non-partisans joined MSA or Islah. Other sources give a different division of seats. Also list of results and parties here and here.

See also[edit]


External links[edit]