Aragonese regional election, 1999
All 67 seats in the Cortes of Aragon
34 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Cortes of Aragon
The 1999 Aragonese regional election was held on Sunday, 13 June 1999, to elect the 5th Cortes of the Autonomous Community of Aragon. All 67 seats in the Cortes were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in 12 other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain, as well as the 1999 European Parliament election.
The election saw increases in both vote share and seats for the People's Party (PP), which had formed the Government of Aragon since 1995, and the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). The Aragonese Party (PAR) continued its long-term decline from its peak at the 1987 election while on the left, Chunta Aragonesista (CHA) gained most of United Left (IU) former support, which lost 4 of its 5 seats.
Despite winning the election and gaining one seat from 1995, the PP went into opposition as incumbent President of Aragon Santiago Lanzuela was unable to gather the support from his former coalition partner the PAR. Instead, the PAR supported Socialist Marcelino Iglesias as new regional President, entering into a coalition administration with the PSOE.
The Cortes of Aragon were the devolved, unicameral legislature of the autonomous community of Aragon, having legislative power in regional matters as defined by the Spanish Constitution and the Aragonese Statute of Autonomy, as well as the ability to vote confidence in or withdraw it from a President of the Government. Voting for the Cortes was on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprised all nationals over eighteen, registered in Aragon and in full enjoyment of their political rights.
The 67 members of the Cortes of Aragon were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied regionally. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method might result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude. Seats were allocated to constituencies, corresponding to the provinces of Huesca, Teruel and Zaragoza. Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of 13 seats, with the remaining 28 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations on the condition that the seat to population ratio in the most populated province did not exceed 2.75 times that of the least populated one.
The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they sought election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called.
The term of the Cortes of Aragon expired four years after the date of their previous election. Elections to the Cortes were fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. Legal amendments introduced in 1998 allowed for these to be held together with European Parliament elections, provided that they were scheduled for within a four month-timespan. The previous election was held on 28 May 1995, setting the election date for the Cortes concurrently with a European Parliament election on Sunday, 13 June 1999.
After legal amendments in 1996, the President of the Government was granted the prerogative to dissolve the Cortes of Aragon and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process, no nationwide election was due and some time requirements were met: namely, that dissolution did not occur either during the first legislative session or within the legislature's last year ahead of its scheduled expiry, nor before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution under this procedure. In the event of an investiture process failing to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot, the Cortes were to be automatically dissolved and a fresh election called. Any snap election held as a result of these circumstances would not alter the period to the next ordinary election, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats|
|People's Party (PP)||249,458||38.21||+0.71||28||+1|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||201,117||30.81||+5.09||23||+4|
|Aragonese Party (PAR)||86,519||13.25||–7.18||10||–4|
|Aragonese Union (CHA)||72,101||11.04||+6.19||5||+3|
|United Left of Aragon (IU)||25,040||3.86||–5.36||1||–4|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||4,976||0.76||—||0||±0|
|SOS Nature (SOS)||3,621||0.55||+0.42||0||±0|
|Humanist Party (PH)||982||0.15||New||0||±0|
|Upper Aragonese Territory Regenerationist Group (ARTA)||373||0.06||New||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||657,464||64.60||–6.52|
Distribution by constituency
- "Votes from PAR and IU give Socialist Iglesias the presidency of Aragon" (in Spanish). El País. 1999-07-30.
- Statute of Autonomy of Aragon of 1982, Organic Law No. 8 of 10 August 1982 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 September 2017.
- Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
- Autonomous Community of Aragon Electoral Law of 1987, Law No. 2 of 12 February 1987 Official Gazette of Aragon (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 September 2017.
- General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
- "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
- Statute of Autonomy of Aragon Reform of 1996, Organic Law No. 5 of 30 December 1996 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 17 September 2017.
- "Cortes of Aragon election results, 13 June 1999" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Electoral Commission of Aragon. 2 July 1999. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
- "Cortes of Aragon elections since 1983". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 26 September 2017.