Murcian regional election, 2011
All 45 seats in the Regional Assembly of Murcia
23 seats needed for a majority
Constituency results map for the Regional Assembly of Murcia
The 2011 Murcian regional election was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 8th Regional Assembly of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia. All 45 seats in the Regional Assembly were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in 12 other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.
The election was won by the People's Party (PP), which obtained its best result ever in the Region. With over 70% of the seats (33), it obtained thrice the number of seats of the second most voted party, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), which plummeted to just below 24% and 11 seats. The PP had won its first election in 1995, and under Ramón Luis Valcárcel it had achieved an absolute majority of seats and votes in all elections held ever since.
All in all, the PP gained four seats from the PSOE, with United Left (IU) holding its solitary seat but gaining ground, increasing its % of the share from 6.3% to 7.8%. The 5% regional threshold prevented Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) from winning a seat as, although it polled 5.3% in District Three, its vote in the entire Murcian region was 4.5%.
The 45 members of the Regional Assembly of Murcia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 per 100 of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied regionally. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Seats were allocated to constituencies, which were established by law to comprise the following municipalities:
- I–Lorca: Lorca, Aguilas, Puerto Lumbreras, Totana, Alhama de Murcia, Librilla, Aledo and Mazarrón.
- II–Cartagena: Cartagena, La Unión, Fuente Alamo de Murcia, Torre-Pacheco, San Javier, San Pedro del Pinatar and Los Alcázares.
- III–Murcia: Murcia, Alcantarilla, Beniel, Molina de Segura, Alguazas, Las Torres de Cotillas, Lorquí, Ceutí, Cieza, Abarán, Blanca, Archena, Ricote, Ulea, Villanueva del Río Segura, Ojós, Fortuna, Abanilla and Santomera.
- IV–Northwest: Caravaca, Cehegín, Calasparra, Moratalla, Bullas, Pliego, Mula, Albudeite and Campos del Río.
- V–Plateau: Yecla and Jumilla.
Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of one seat, with the remaining 40 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations. Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Region of Murcia and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Murcians abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).
The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure at least the signature of 1 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they were seeking election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.
Elections were fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. The President of the Region of Murcia had the prerogative to dissolve the Regional Assembly and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process, no nationwide election was due and some time requirements were met—namely, that dissolution did not occur either during the first legislative session or within the legislature's last year ahead of its scheduled expiry, nor before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution under this procedure—. Additionally, the chamber was to be automatically dissolved and a new election called if an investiture process failed to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot. Any snap election held as a result of these circumstances would not alter the period to the next ordinary election, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.
Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.
|22 May 2011||Regional Election||58.8||23.9||7.8||4.5||5.0||34.9|
|17 Mar–17 Apr||CIS||61.8||26.0||6.6||2.3||3.3||35.8|
|25 Mar–1 Apr||CEMOP[a]||58.4||25.2||8.7||4.7||3.0||33.2|
|26 Oct–6 Nov||CEMOP[a]||60.7||28.1||4.8||3.2||3.2||32.6|
|7 Jun 2009||EP Election||61.5||29.8||3.0||2.9||2.8||31.7|
|9 Mar 2008||General Election||61.2||32.9||2.9||0.9||2.1||28.3|
|27 May 2007||Regional Election||58.3||32.0||6.3||3.4||26.3|
Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 23 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Regional Assembly of Murcia.
|22 May 2011||Regional Election||33||11||1||0||0|
|17 Mar–17 Apr||CIS||31||13||1||0||0|
|27 May 2007||Regional Election||29||15||1||0|
|Parties and coalitions||Popular vote||Seats|
|People's Party (PP)||382,871||58.79||+0.49||33||+4|
|Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)||155,506||23.88||–8.12||11||–4|
|United Left–Greens of the Region of Murcia (IU–V–RM)||50,988||7.83||+1.58||1||±0|
|Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD)||29,279||4.50||New||0||±0|
|The Greens of the Region of Murcia–Ecolo (LV–Ecolo)||7,659||1.18||New||0||±0|
|Parties with less than 1.0% of the vote||10,908||1.67||—||0||±0|
|Liberal Democratic Centre (CDL)||3,930||0.60||+0.02||0||±0|
|Party for the Regeneration of Democracy in Spain (PRDE)||1,177||0.18||New||0||±0|
|Employment Business Party (PEE)||1,057||0.16||New||0||±0|
|National Democracy (DN)||856||0.13||–0.02||0||±0|
|Renewed United Democratic Centre (CDUR)||834||0.13||New||0||±0|
|Centre and Democracy Forum (CyD)||824||0.13||New||0||±0|
|Communist Unification of Spain (UCE)||719||0.11||New||0||±0|
|Nostradamus' State Reform (REN)||621||0.10||New||0||±0|
|The Falange (FE)||488||0.07||New||0||±0|
|Republican Platform-Republican Coalition (PRCR)||220||0.03||New||0||±0|
|Citizens Convergence of the South-East (CCSE)||182||0.03||New||0||±0|
|Votes cast / turnout||662,086||67.91||–0.10|
|Source(s): Argos Information Portal, historiaelectoral.com, Regional Statistics Centre of Murcia|
- Poll results are shown projected over candidacy votes (that is, votes going for political parties, excluding blank ballots). The vote percentage in the official election is calculated including blank ballots into the estimation. In order to obtain data comparable to both the official results as well as those of other polls, a rule of three has been applied to the poll projections, with the results of the calculation being shown instead.
- Region of Murcia Electoral Law of 1987, Law No. 2 of February 24, 1987 Official Gazette of the Region of Murcia (in Spanish). Retrieved on 22 February 2017.
- Statute of Autonomy for the Region of Murcia of 1982, Organic Law No. 4 of June 9, 1982 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 22 February 2017.
- Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
- General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
- "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.