Murcian regional election, 2011

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Murcian regional election, 2011
Region of Murcia
← 2007 22 May 2011 2015 →

All 45 seats in the Regional Assembly of Murcia
23 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered 974,998 Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.2%
Turnout 662,086 (67.9%)
Red Arrow Down.svg0.1 pp
  First party Second party Third party
  Ramón Luis Valcárcel 2009 (cropped).jpg Begonagarcia10 (cropped).jpg Male portrait placeholder cropped.jpg
Leader Ramón Luis Valcárcel Begoña García Retegui José Antonio Pujante
Party PP PSOE IUV–RM
Leader since 5 October 1991 3 October 2010 2006
Last election 29 seats, 58.3% 15 seats, 32.0% 1 seat, 6.3%
Seats won 33 11 1
Seat change Green Arrow Up Darker.svg4 Red Arrow Down.svg4 Arrow Blue Right 001.svg0
Popular vote 382,871 155,506 50,988
Percentage 58.8% 23.9% 7.8%
Swing Green Arrow Up Darker.svg0.5 pp Red Arrow Down.svg8.1 pp Green Arrow Up Darker.svg1.5 pp

MurciaDistrictMapAssembly2011.png
Constituency results map for the Regional Assembly of Murcia

President before election

Ramón Luis Valcárcel
PP

Elected President

Ramón Luis Valcárcel
PP

The 2011 Murcian regional election was held on Sunday, 22 May 2011, to elect the 8th Regional Assembly of the Autonomous Community of the Region of Murcia. All 45 seats in the Regional Assembly were up for election. The election was held simultaneously with regional elections in 12 other autonomous communities and local elections all throughout Spain.

The election was won by the People's Party (PP), which obtained its best result ever in the Region. With over 70% of the seats (33), it obtained thrice the number of seats of the second most voted party, the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE), which plummeted to just below 24% and 11 seats. The PP had won its first election in 1995, and under Ramón Luis Valcárcel it had achieved an absolute majority of seats and votes in all elections held ever since.

All in all, the PP gained four seats from the PSOE, with United Left (IU) holding its solitary seat but gaining ground, increasing its % of the share from 6.3% to 7.8%. The 5% regional threshold prevented Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) from winning a seat as, although it polled 5.3% in District Three, its vote in the entire Murcian region was 4.5%.

Electoral system[edit]

The 45 members of the Regional Assembly of Murcia were elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 5 per 100 of valid votes—which included blank ballots—being applied regionally. Parties not reaching the threshold were not taken into consideration for seat distribution. Seats were allocated to constituencies, which were established by law to comprise the following municipalities:

Each constituency was entitled to an initial minimum of one seat, with the remaining 40 allocated among the constituencies in proportion to their populations.[1][2] Voting was on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen, registered in the Region of Murcia and in full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Murcians abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3]

The electoral law provided that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors were allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors were required to secure at least the signature of 1 per 100 of the electors entered in electoral register of the constituency for which they were seeking election. Electors were barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election were required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days from the election call.[1][4][5]

Elections were fixed for the fourth Sunday of May every four years. The President of the Region of Murcia had the prerogative to dissolve the Regional Assembly and call a snap election, provided that no motion of no confidence was in process, no nationwide election was due and some time requirements were met—namely, that dissolution did not occur either during the first legislative session or within the legislature's last year ahead of its scheduled expiry, nor before one year had elapsed since a previous dissolution under this procedure—. Additionally, the chamber was to be automatically dissolved and a new election called if an investiture process failed to elect a regional President within a two-month period from the first ballot. Any snap election held as a result of these circumstances would not alter the period to the next ordinary election, with elected deputies merely serving out what remained of their four-year terms.[2][4]

Opinion polls[edit]

Vote[edit]

Poll results are listed in the table below in reverse chronological order, showing the most recent first. The highest percentage figure in each polling survey is displayed in bold, and the background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. The lead column on the right shows the percentage-point difference between the two parties with the highest figures. Poll results use the date the survey's fieldwork was done, as opposed to the date of publication. However, if such date is unknown, the date of publication will be given instead.

Seat projections[edit]

Opinion polls showing seat projections are displayed in the table below. The highest seat figures in each polling survey have their background shaded in the leading party's colour. In the instance that there is a tie, then no figure is shaded. 23 seats were required for an absolute majority in the Regional Assembly of Murcia.

Results[edit]

Overall[edit]

Summary of the 22 May 2011 Regional Assembly of Murcia election results
MurciaAssemblyDiagram2011.svg
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 382,871 58.79 +0.49 33 +4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 155,506 23.88 –8.12 11 –4
United LeftGreens of the Region of Murcia (IU–V–RM) 50,988 7.83 +1.58 1 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 29,279 4.50 New 0 ±0
The Greens of the Region of Murcia–Ecolo (LV–Ecolo) 7,659 1.18 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 14,050 2.16 +0.83
Total 651,261 100.00 45 ±0
Valid votes 651,261 98.37 –0.87
Invalid votes 10,825 1.63 +0.87
Votes cast / turnout 662,086 67.91 –0.10
Abstentions 312,912 32.09 +0.10
Registered voters 974,998
Source(s): Argos Information Portal, historiaelectoral.com, Regional Statistics Centre of Murcia
Popular vote
PP
  
58.79%
PSOE
  
23.88%
IUV–RM
  
7.83%
UPyD
  
4.50%
LV–Ecolo
  
1.18%
Others
  
1.67%
Blank ballots
  
2.16%
Seats
PP
  
73.33%
PSOE
  
24.44%
IUV–RM
  
2.22%

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Poll results are shown projected over candidacy votes (that is, votes going for political parties, excluding blank ballots). The vote percentage in the official election is calculated including blank ballots into the estimation. In order to obtain data comparable to both the official results as well as those of other polls, a rule of three has been applied to the poll projections, with the results of the calculation being shown instead.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Region of Murcia Electoral Law of 1987, Law No. 2 of February 24, 1987 Official Gazette of the Region of Murcia (in Spanish). Retrieved on 22 February 2017.
  2. ^ a b Statute of Autonomy for the Region of Murcia of 1982, Organic Law No. 4 of June 9, 1982 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 22 February 2017.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017. 
  4. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.