Electoral district of Adelaide

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This article is about the South Australian state electorate. For the Australian federal electorate, see Division of Adelaide. For the historical South Australian state electorate, see Electoral district of City of Adelaide.
South AustraliaHouse of Assembly
Map of Adelaide, South Australia with electoral district of Adelaide highlighted
Electoral district of Adelaide (green) in the Greater Adelaide area
State South Australia
Created 1902
MP Rachel Sanderson
Party Liberal Party of Australia (SA)
Namesake Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen
Electors 24,779 (2014)
Area 23.4 km2 (9.0 sq mi)
Demographic Metropolitan
Coordinates 34°54′28″S 138°36′5″E / 34.90778°S 138.60139°E / -34.90778; 138.60139Coordinates: 34°54′28″S 138°36′5″E / 34.90778°S 138.60139°E / -34.90778; 138.60139

Adelaide is an electorate for the South Australian House of Assembly. The 23.4 km² state seat of Adelaide currently consists of the Adelaide city centre including North Adelaide and suburbs to the inner north and inner north east: Walkerville, Gilberton, Medindie, Medindie Gardens, Thorngate, Fitzroy, Ovingham, most of Prospect up to Regency Road, and parts of Collinswood and Nailsworth. The boundaries have been the same for the past three elections. The federal division of Adelaide covers the state seat of Adelaide and additional suburbs in each direction.

The electorate's name comes from the city which it encompasses, which is named after Princess Adelaide of Saxe-Meiningen, the German born Queen consort of the King of England, King William IV. Originally the seat of City of Adelaide from 1857 to 1862, Adelaide was created from the seats of East Adelaide and West Adelaide as a four-seat multi-member district, surrounded by the other two metropolitan districts of 13 seats total being Torrens and Port Adelaide, from the 1902 election.[1] Adelaide became a three-member district from the 1915 election, and then changed from a multi-member to single-member seat upon the introduction of the Playmander from the 1938 election.[2]

For most of the next half-century, the seat was comfortably safe for the Australian Labor Party. A significant redistribution in 1983 saw the Labor two-party vote reduced from 66 percent to 47 percent, transforming into a notional marginal Liberal seat in one stroke. However, Labor retained the seat at the 1985 election, albeit as the most marginal seat in parliament. Liberal Michael Armitage narrowly took the seat at the 1989 election--the first time that they or their predecessors, the Liberal and Country League, had won it in its single-member incarnation. The Liberal high-tide in Adelaide occurred at the landslide 1993 election, with the Liberal two-party vote swelling to a safe 64.1 percent. However, it once again became a marginal Liberal seat at the 1997 election.

After a redistribution ahead of the 2002 election made the seat even more marginal, Armitage tried to transfer to the much friendlier seat of Bragg, but lost a preselection battle to Vickie Chapman. Labor candidate Jane Lomax-Smith regained the seat for Labor at the 2002 election as a marginal seat, one of two gains that assisted Labor in forming government. It became a safe Labor seat at the landslide 2006 election on a 60.2 percent two-party vote, before the Liberals won Adelaide for the second time at the 2010 election on a swing of over 14 percent, turning it from safe Labor to marginal Liberal in one stroke. The Liberals retained Adelaide at the 2014 election on a marginal 52.4 (−1.8) percent two-party vote.

Upon the release of the 2016 draft electoral redistribution, Liberal MP Rachel Sanderson organised the mass distribution of a pro forma document in the two inner metropolitan suburbs of Walkerville and Gilberton, which aimed for residents to use the pro forma document to submit their objection to the commission in support of Sanderson's campaign to keep the two suburbs in her seat of Adelaide, which in the draft would have been transferred to neighbouring Torrens. Sanderson's position however was at odds with her own party's submission which in fact agreed with the commission that Walkerville should be transferred to Torrens. Under the commission's draft proposal, the Liberal margin in Adelaide would have been reduced from 2.4 percent to 0.6 percent, but would have also resulted in the Labor margin in Torrens reduced from 3.5 percent to 1.1 percent. Of a record 130 total submissions received in response to the draft redistribution, about 100 (over three quarters of all submissions) were from Walkerville and Gilberton.[3][4][5][6][7][8] As a result, the commission reversed the draft decision in the final publication.[9]

Members for Adelaide[edit]

Four-member electorate (1902–1915)
Member Party Term Member Party Term Member Party Term Member Party Term
  Lewis Cohen National League 1902–1906   Bill Denny Independent Liberal 1902–1905   Hugh Dixson 1902–1905   Johann Scherk 1902–1905
  William David Ponder Labor 1905–1915   Ernest Roberts Labor 1905–1908   James Zimri Sellar Labor 1905–1906
  Bill Denny Labor 1906–1915
    Reginald Blundell Labor 1907–1915
    Edward Alfred Anstey Labor 1908–1915
Three-member electorate (1915–1938)
Member Party Term Member Party Term Member Party Term
  Bill Denny Labor 1915–1933   Reginald Blundell Labor 1915–1917   John Gunn Labor 1915–1917
  National 1917–1918   Bert Edwards Labor 1917–1931
  John Gunn Labor 1918–1926
  Herbert George Labor 1926–1933
  Parliamentary Labor 1931–1933     Martin Collaton Lang Labor 1931–1932
    Labor 1932–1933
  Doug Bardolph Lang Labor 1933–1934   Bob Dale Lang Labor 1933–1933   Tom Howard Lang Labor 1933–1933
  SA Lang Labor 1933–1934   SA Lang Labor 1933–1934
  Labor 1934–1935   Labor 1934–1938   Labor 1934–1938
  Independent 1935–1938
Member Party Term
  Doug Bardolph Independent 1938–1944
  Bob Dale Labor 1944–1947
  Herbert George Labor 1947–1950
  Sam Lawn Labor 1950–1971
  Jack Wright Labor 1971–1985
  Michael Duigan Labor 1985–1989
  Michael Armitage Liberal 1989–2002
  Jane Lomax-Smith Labor 2002–2010
  Rachel Sanderson Liberal 2010–present

Election results[edit]

South Australian state election, 2014: Adelaide[10][11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Rachel Sanderson 10,543 48.7 +4.2
Labor David O'Loughlin 7,812 36.1 +2.7
Greens Robert Simms 2,551 11.8 +0.1
Dignity for Disability Anna Tree 748 3.5 +1.6
Total formal votes 21,654 98.0 +1.8
Informal votes 433 2.0 −1.8
Turnout 22,087 89.1 −0.9
Two-party-preferred result
Liberal Rachel Sanderson 11,341 52.4 −1.8
Labor David O'Loughlin 10,313 47.6 +1.8
Liberal hold Swing −1.8



External links[edit]