Electoral district of Kalgoorlie
Western Australia—Legislative Assembly
|Area||632,816 km2 (244,331.6 sq mi)|
|Demographic||Mining and Pastoral|
Long a Labor stronghold, the district has more recently become a very competitive seat between the two conservative parties.
The district of Kalgoorlie was first created for the 1901 state election and has continued to exist as an electorate ever since. Over its first 100 years it was always represented by the Labor Party with the exception of two interruptions between 1905 and 1911 and 1921 and 1923.
Labor has not held the seat since 2001 when Liberal Party candidate Matt Birney defeated incumbent MP Megan Anwyl at the 2001 state election. Oddly, this was also an election that brought Labor into government. Indeed, Anwyl was the only Labor MP to lose her seat at that election.
Always based on the town of Kalgoorlie, the redistribution ahead of the 2008 state election saw a significant expansion of the seat to include remote areas to the north and north-east of the town. This was made necessary by one vote, one value electoral reform which meant that, where previously all non-metropolitan districts could have significantly lower enrolment than their metropolitan (i.e. Perth) counterparts, now the only districts permitted to contain low enrolment are those that cover vast geographical areas. So whilst most of its population is based in the town of Kalgoorlie, the district also includes remote communities such as Laverton, Leinster, Leonora, Menzies, Sandstone, Warburton and Wiluna.
Members for Kalgoorlie
|William Dartnell Johnson||Labour||1901–1905|
|John Boyland||Ind. Nationalist||1921–1922|
|WA Nationals||Wendy Duncan||3,717||37.0||+18.0|
|Total formal votes||10,045||94.3||0.0|
|WA Nationals||Wendy Duncan||5,651||56.3||+9.8|
|WA Nationals gain from Independent||Swing||+16.1|