Electoral district of Richmond (Victoria)

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Richmond
VictoriaLegislative Assembly
VIC Richmond District 2014.png
Location of Richmond (dark green) in Greater Melbourne
State Victoria
Created 1856
MP Richard Wynne
Party Australian Labor Party
Electors 46,690 (2014)
Area 14 km2 (5.4 sq mi)
Demographic Inner metropolitan


Richmond is an electoral district of the Legislative Assembly in the Australian state of Victoria. It is currently a 14 km² electorate in the inner east of Melbourne, encompassing the suburbs of Richmond, Cremorne, Burnley, Abbotsford, Collingwood, Clifton Hill, North Fitzroy and Fitzroy. Historically a very safe seat for the Australian Labor Party, Richmond has in recent elections become increasingly marginal against the Australian Greens, who narrowly failed to win it at the 2014 Victorian State election.

History[edit]

Richmond is one of only three electorates (along with Brighton and Williamstown) to have been contested at every election since 1856.[1] It was initially a two-member electorate, but was changed to return only a single member in the redistribution of 1904 when several new districts were created including Abbotsford.[1] It covers a series of traditionally working-class, industrial suburbs, and has been continuously held by the Australian Labor Party with the exception of only one term since 1904. The brief exception occurred amidst the famous Labor split of 1955, when the incumbent Labor member, Frank Scully, joined six other Catholic MPs in breaking away to found the Democratic Labor Party. Scully, as the party's leader, was the only MP to hold his seat at the next election, but was defeated in 1958 by Bill Towers, previously the member for the abolished seat of Collingwood.

Though a traditionally safe Labor seat, it has become progressively marginal in recent years due to increasing support for the Australian Greens in the area. This first occurred at the 2002 state election, when union organiser Gemma Pinnell nearly won the seat on Liberal preferences, taking 47 per cent of the two-party preferred vote. The Green surge was seen as a reaction to the conservative policies of the then federal Labor leader, Kim Beazley, by the generally progressive inner city constituency. Labor polled slightly better in the 2006 state election, taking 54% of the two-party preferred against Greens candidate and local councillor Gurm Sekhon. It remains a marginal seat, however, and was strongly contested by Greens candidate, Kathleen Maltzahn, at the state elections in 2010 and 2014.

The current member is the Labor Party's Richard Wynne, who served as the state Minister for Housing and Minister for Local Government in the Bracks and Brumby governments from 2006 to 2010, and is the current Minister for Planning in the Andrews government. Wynne gained the seat in 1999 after the former Labor member, Demetri Dollis, was disendorsed for extended absence overseas.

Historical maps[edit]

Members for Richmond[edit]

1856–1904, 2 members
Member 1 Party Term Member 2 Party Term
  George Evans Unaligned Nov. 1856 – Aug. 1859   Daniel Campbell Unaligned Nov. 1856 – Aug. 1859
  James Francis Unaligned Oct. 1859 – Nov. 1874   Alfred Woolley Unaligned Oct. 1859 – July 1861
  Thomas Lambert Unaligned Aug. 1861 – July 1864
  Archibald Wardrop Unaligned Nov. 1864 – July? 1866
  Ambrose Kyte Unaligned Jan. 1867[b] – Dec. 1867
  James Harcourt Unaligned June 1868 – June 1871
  Louis Smith Unaligned Apr. 1871 – Mar. 1874
  Joseph Bosisto Unaligned Dec. 1874[b] – Mar. 1889   Robert Inglis Unaligned May 1874 – Apr. 1877
  Louis Smith Unaligned May 1877 – Feb. 1880
  William Walker Unaligned May 1880 – June 1880
  Louis Smith Unaligned July 1880 – Feb. 1883
  Charles Smith Unaligned Feb. 1883 – Mar. 1889
  George Bennett Unaligned Apr. 1889 – Sep. 1908
  William Trenwith Labour Apr. 1889 – Nov. 1903
  George Roberts Labour Dec. 1903[b] – May. 1904
1904–present, 1 member
  Ted Cotter Labor Oct. 1908[b] – Oct. 1945
  Stan Keon Labor Nov. 1945 – Oct. 1949
  Frank Scully Labor Dec. 1949[b] – May 1955
  Democratic Labor June 1955 – May 1958
  Bill Towers Labor May 1958 – Mar. 1962
  Clyde Holding Labor May 1962[b] – Nov. 1977
  Theo Sidiropoulos Labor Dec. 1977[b] – Aug. 1988
  Demetri Dollis Labor Oct. 1988 – Sep. 1999
  Richard Wynne Labor Sep. 1999 – present

b = by-election

Election results[edit]

Victorian state election, 2014: Richmond[3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labor Richard Wynne 13,349 33.3 −3.9
Greens Kathleen Maltzahn 12,615 31.5 +2.9
Liberal Weiran Lu 8,308 20.7 −2.0
Independent Stephen Jolly 3,407 8.5 +8.5
Sex Party Nevena Spirovska 1,336 3.3 +0.5
Animal Justice Miranda Smith 578 1.4 +1.4
Independent Tom Keel 192 0.5 +0.5
Total formal votes 40,102 96.3 −0.1
Informal votes 1,550 3.7 +0.1
Turnout 41,652 89.2 +1.4
Two-candidate-preferred result
Labor Richard Wynne 20,798 51.9 −4.5
Greens Kathleen Maltzahn 19,304 48.1 +4.5
Labor hold Swing −4.5

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Re-Member (Former Members)". State Government of Victoria. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  2. ^ "Central Province and Electoral Districts of Melbourne, St Kilda, Collingwood, South Melbourne, Richmond and Williamstown" (map). State Library of Victoria. 27 November 1855. Retrieved 12 May 2013. 
  3. ^ State Election 2014: Richmond District, VEC.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°48′45″S 144°59′40″E / 37.81250°S 144.99444°E / -37.81250; 144.99444