Electoral history of Justin Trudeau

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This article is the Electoral history of Justin Trudeau, the current Prime Minister of Canada.

A liberal, Trudeau has led the Liberal Party of Canada in one general election, in 2015, which he won by defeating then-Prime Minister Stephen Harper and the Conservative Party of Canada. He has been prime minister since November 4, 2015. He is currently leading the Liberals in the 2019 Canadian federal election, which will be decided on October 21, 2019.

Trudeau has stood for election to the House of Commons of Canada three times and was elected each time (2008, 2011, 2015). He is standing for a fourth term in the 2019 election.

Trudeau was elected leader of the Liberal Party in 2013, succeeding Michael Ignatieff, who retired from politics after losing the general election of 2011.

Summary[edit]

Canada has had ten provinces and three territories throughout Trudeau's term as Prime Minister.

Trudeau currently ranks fourteenth out of twenty-three prime ministers for time in office, being in office for 3 years, 344 days.[1]

Trudeau is the eighth prime minister from Quebec, the others being Sir John Abbott, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Louis St. Laurent, Pierre Trudeau, Brian Mulroney, Jean Chrétien and Paul Martin. He is also the fifth francophone prime minister, the others being Laurier, St. Laurent, Pierre Trudeau, and Chretien.

Trudeau was first elected to the House of Commons in 2008, at age 35. The Liberals were in opposition after the 2008 and 2011 general elections. Under Liberal leader Stéphane Dion, Trudeau was the Liberal critic for Citizenship and Immigration, Youth and Multiculturalism. The next leader, Michael Ignatieff, appointed him critic for Sports and Post-Secondary Education.[1][2]

In the 2011 general election, the Liberals under the leadership of Ignatieff were reduced to third party status, their worst showing in history. Ignatieff lost his own seat and retired from politics. Trudeau announced he would seek the party leadership. In the 2013 vote, he won the leadership on the first ballot with 80% support.[2]

Trudeau led the Liberals in the general election of 2015. At dissolution, the Liberals were in third place in the Commons, behind the Conservative Party, which held a majority government, and the New Democratic Party, which formed the Official Opposition. Trudeau led the Liberals to a majority government, defeating both the Conservatives led by Stephen Harper and the New Democrats led by Thomas Mulcair. Trudeau's government was sworn in on November 4, 2015.

Trudeau has stood for election to the Commons three times, in 2008, 2011 and 2015, all for the riding of Papineau. He has served in the House of Commons for 11 years, 0 days.[3]

Federal general election: 2015[edit]

Trudeau has led the Liberal Party in two general elections, in 2015 and the ongoing 2019 Canadian federal election.

In the 2015 election, the Liberals under Trudeau came from third place in the Commons at dissolution to winning a majority government, defeating Prime Minister Harper.

After four year in office, Trudeau called a general election, which will be decided on October 21 2019. He is again leading the Liberals.

Canadian Federal Election, 2015 - Parties, Leaders, Seats Won and Popular Vote
Party Leaders Seats Won Popular Vote
Liberal Justin Trudeau1 184 39.47%
Conservative Stephen Harper2 99 31.9%
  New Democratic Party Thomas Mulcair3 44 19.7%
Bloc Québécois Gilles Duceppe 10 4.7%
Green Elizabeth May 1 3.5%
Total 338 99.3%4
Sources: Library of Parliament – History of Federal Ridings since 1867

1 Leader of a third party when election was called; Prime Minister after election.
2 Prime Minister when election was called; Member of Parliament after the election.
3 Leader of the Opposition when election was called; leader of a third party after the election.
4 Table does not include parties which received votes but did not elect any members.

Federal general election: 2019[edit]

Trudeau called the 2019 Canadian federal election, which will be held on October 21, 2019. Votes will be tabulated and entered after that date. The table below lists the parties in the order of seats they held at dissolution on September 1, 2019.

Canadian Federal Election, 2019 - Parties, Leaders, Seats Won and Popular Vote
Party Leaders Seats Won Popular Vote
Liberal Justin Trudeau1 0 0%
Conservative Andrew Scheer2 0 0%
  New Democratic Party Jagmeet Singh 0 0%
Bloc Québécois Yves-François Blanchet 0 0%
Green Elizabeth May 0 0%
People's Maxime Bernier 0 0%
Ind 0 0%
Total 0 0
Sources: Library of Parliament – History of Federal Ridings since 1867

1 Prime Minister when election was called.
2 Leader of the Opposition when election was called.

Federal constituency elections: 2008 to 2015[edit]

Trudeau has stood for election to the House of Commons four times, in 2008, 2011, 2015 and 2019, all for the riding of Papineau. He was elected the first three times. The 2019 election will be decided on October 21, 2019.

2008 Federal Election: Papineau[edit]

Federal Election, 2008: Papineau, Quebec
Party Candidate Popular Vote %
Liberal Yes Justin Trudeau 17,724 41.5%
Bloc Québécois X Vivian Barbot 16,535 38.7%
  New Democratic Party Costa Zafiropoulos 3,734 8.7%
Conservative Mustaque Sarker 3,262 7.6%
Green Ingrid Hein 1,213 2.8%
  Independent Mahmoud Raza Baig 267 0.6%
Total 42,735 99.9%1
Source: Library of Parliament – History of Federal Ridings since 1867: Papineau

Yes Elected.
X Incumbent.
1 Rounding error.

2011 Federal Election: Papineau[edit]

Federal Election, 2011: Papineau, Quebec
Party Candidate Popular Vote %
Liberal Yes X Justin Trudeau 16,429 38.4%
  New Democratic Party Marcos Radomes Tejada 12,102 28.3%
Bloc Québécois Vivian Barbot 11,091 25.9%
Conservative Shama Chopra 2,021 4.7%
Green Danny Polifroni 806 1.9%
Marxist–Leninist Peter Macrisopoulos 228 0.5%
  Non-affiliated Joseph Young 95 0.2%
Total 42,772 99.9%1
Source: Library of Parliament – History of Federal Ridings since 1867: Papineau

Yes Elected.
X Incumbent.
1 Rounding error.

2015 Federal Election: Papineau[edit]

Federal Election, 2015: Papineau, Quebec
Party Candidate Popular Vote %
Liberal Yes X Justin Trudeau 26,391 52.0%
  New Democratic Party Anne Lagacé Dowson 13,132 25.9%
Bloc Québécois Maxime Claveau 6,182 12.2%
Conservative Yvon Vadnais 2,390 4.7%
Green Danny Polifroni 1,443 2.8%
  Independent Chris Lloyd 505 1.0%
Rhinoceros Tommy Gaudet 323 0.6%
  Independent Kim Waldron 159 0.3%
Marxist–Leninist Peter Macrisopoulos 142 0.3%
  Non-affiliated Beverly Bernardo 103 0.2%
Total 50,770 100.0%
Source: Library of Parliament – History of Federal Ridings since 1867: Papineau

Yes Elected.
X Incumbent.



2019 Federal Election: Papineau[edit]

This table will be filled in following the election on October 21, 2019. Trudeau is listed in first place as incumbent. The other candidates are listed in alphabetical order by party, followed by independents.

Federal Election, 2019: Papineau, Quebec
Party Candidate Popular Vote %
Liberal Yes Justin Trudeau 0 0.0%
Bloc Québécois Christian Gagnon 0 0.0%
Christian Heritage Susanne Lefebvre 0 0.0%
Conservative Sophie Veilleux 0 0.0%
Green Juan Vazquez 0 0.0%
New Democratic Christine Paré 0 0.0%
People's Mark Sibthorpe 0 0.0%
Rhinoceros Jean-Patrick Cacereco Berthiaume 0 0.0%
  No affiliation Luc Lupien 0 0.0%
  Independent Alain Magnan 0 0.0%
  No affiliation Steve Penner 0 0.0%
Total 0 0.0%
Source: Elections Canada - Voter Information Service - Papineau

X Incumbent.

2013 Liberal Party leadership election[edit]

Following the 2011 general election, the leader of the Liberals, Michael Ignatieff, announced his retirement. Trudeau entered the leadership contest, which was held in April, 2013. The vote was based on the 308 Liberal riding associations, which each had 100 points. All members of the party had the right to vote in the election through their riding associations. The points for each riding association were allocated in proportion to the local vote.

Liberal Leadership Election, April 14, 2013
First and only ballot
Candidate Votes cast Points won
Justin Trudeau APEC 2015 (cropped).jpg Justin Trudeau 81,389 78.8% 24,668 80.1%
JoyceMurray.jpg Joyce Murray 12,148 11.8% 3,130 10.2%
Martha Hall Findlay 2011.jpg Martha Hall Findlay 6,585 6.4% 1,760 5.7%
Martin Cauchon.PNG Martin Cauchon 1,630 1.6% 815 2.6%
Deborah Coyne.jpg Deborah Coyne 833 0.8% 214 0.7%
Karen McCrimmon.jpg Karen McCrimmon 757 0.7% 210 0.7%
Total 103,342 100.1%1 30,797 100.0%
Sources: Huffington Post: Justin Trudeau Wins Liberal Leadership Race In Resounding Fashion;
Globe & Mail: Justin Trudeau elected Liberal leader in a landslide.

1 Rounding error.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]