Electoral history of Nigel Farage

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Nigel Farage is a British politician who has stood as a candidate representing the eurosceptic UK Independence Party (UKIP) since 1994. He has been a Member of the European Parliament representing South East England since the 1999 election, winning re-election three times. Farage has stood for election to the House of Commons seven times, in five general elections and two by-elections, but has not won any of those elections. He was also a proponent of the UK leaving the European Union in the 2016 referendum, in which the electorate voted to do so by 52% to 48%.[1]

Farage was voted UKIP leader in the September 2006 leadership election, and led them in the 2009 European Parliament election in which his party won the second-highest number of votes and seats after the Conservative Party.[2] He resigned as leader later that year in order to concentrate on the 2010 general election. In late 2010, he was voted leader for a second time after the resignation of Lord Pearson of Rannoch.[3] Farage led UKIP in the 2014 European Parliament election, in which his party won the most votes and seats; this was the first time since the December 1910 general election that Labour or the Conservatives did not get the most seats in a British nationwide election.[4] He resigned as UKIP leader after the 2016 referendum.[5]

The first election to the House of Commons that Farage contested was the 1994 Eastleigh by-election.[6] After standing unsuccessfully for election in the next three general elections, all in a different constituency, he stood in the 2006 Bromley and Chislehurst by-election, in which he finished third with 8.1% of the vote. In the 2010 general election, Farage stood against the Speaker of the House of Commons, John Bercow, in the constituency of Buckingham, again finishing third with 17.4% of the vote. Five years later, he stood in the general election in the constituency of South Thanet, finishing second to the Conservative Craig Mackinlay, with 32.4% of the vote.

Summary[edit]

UK Parliament elections

Date of election Constituency Party Votes % Result
1994 by-election Eastleigh UKIP 952 1.7 Not elected
1997 general election Salisbury UKIP 3,332 5.7 Not elected
2001 general election Bexhill and Battle UKIP 3,474 7.8 Not elected
2005 general election South Thanet UKIP 2,079 5.0 Not elected
2006 by-election Bromley and Chislehurst UKIP 2,347 8.1 Not elected
2010 general election Buckingham UKIP 8,410 17.4 Not elected
2015 general election South Thanet UKIP 16,026 32.4 Not elected

European Parliament elections

Date of election Constituency Party Votes % Result
1994 European election Itchen, Test and Avon UKIP 12,423 5.4 Not elected
1999 European election South East England UKIP 144,514 9.7 Elected
2004 European election South East England UKIP 431,111 19.5 Elected
2009 European election South East England UKIP 440,002 18.8 Elected
2014 European election South East England UKIP 751,439 32.1 Elected

UKIP leadership elections

Date of election Votes % Result
2006 leadership election 3,239 45.0 Elected
2010 leadership election 6,085 60.5 Elected

Elections to the House of Commons[edit]

Elections to the House of Commons are decided by first-past-the-post voting. Each voter votes for one candidate, and the candidate who receives the most votes in each constituency becomes a Member of Parliament.[7]

Eastleigh by-election, 1994[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat David Chidgey 24,473 44.3 +16.3
Labour Marilyn Birks 15,234 27.6 +6.8
Conservative Stephen Reid 13,675 24.7 -26.5
UKIP Nigel Farage 952 1.7 N/A
Monster Raving Loony David Sutch 783 1.4 N/A
Natural Law Peter Warburton 145 0.3 N/A
Majority 9,239 16.7
Turnout 55,262 58.7 -24.2
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing −16.8
General Election 1997: Salisbury[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Robert Key 25,012 43.0 −9.0
Liberal Democrat Yvonne Emmerson-Peirce 18,736 32.2 −5.0
Labour Ricky Rogers 10,242 17.6 +8.6
UKIP Nigel Farage 3,332 5.7 N/A
Green Hamish Soutar 623 1.1 +0.1
Independent William Holmes 184 0.3 N/A
Natural Law Shirley Haysom 110 0.2 0.0
Majority 6,276 10.8
Turnout 58,239 73.6
Conservative hold Swing −2.0
General Election 2001: Bexhill and Battle[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Gregory Barker 21,555 48.1 0.0
Liberal Democrat Stephen Philip Hardy 11,052 24.7 −0.8
Labour Anne Elizabeth Moore-Williams 8,702 19.4 +1.3
UKIP Nigel Farage 3,474 7.8 +6.2
Majority 10,503 23.4
Turnout 44,783 64.9 −9.6
Conservative hold Swing +0.4
General Election 2005: South Thanet[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Stephen Ladyman 16,660 40.4 −5.3
Conservative Mark MacGregor 15,996 38.8 −2.3
Liberal Democrat Guy Voizey 5,431 13.2 +3.8
UKIP Nigel Farage 2,079 5.0 +3.7
Green Howard Green 888 2.2 +2.2
Independent Maude Kinsella 188 0.5 +0.5
Majority 664 1.6
Turnout 41,242 65 1.1
Labour hold Swing −1.5
Bromley and Chislehurst by-election, 2006[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Bob Neill 11,621 40.0 -11.1
Liberal Democrat Ben Abbotts 10,988 37.8 +17.5
UKIP Nigel Farage 2,347 8.1 +4.9
Labour Rachel Reeves 1,925 6.6 -15.6
Green Ann Garrett 811 2.8 -0.4
National Front Paul Winnett 476 1.6 N/A
Independent John Hemming-Clark 442 1.5 N/A
English Democrat Steven Uncles 212 0.7 N/A
Monster Raving Loony John Cartwright 132 0.5 N/A
Independent Nick Hadziannis 65 0.2 N/A
Money Reform Anne Belsey 33 0.1 N/A
Majority 633 2.2 -26.7
Turnout 29,052 40.18 -24.68
Conservative hold Swing 14.3%
General Election 2010: Buckingham[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Speaker John Bercow 22,860 47.3 N/A
Buckinghamshire Campaign for Democracy John Stevens 10,331 21.4 N/A
UKIP Nigel Farage 8,410 17.4 +14.4
Independent Patrick Phillips 2,394 5.0 N/A
Independent Debbie Martin 1,270 2.6 N/A
BNP Lynne Mozar 980 2.0 N/A
Monster Raving Loony Colin Dale 856 1.8 N/A
Independent Geoff Howard 435 0.9 N/A
Christian David Hews 369 0.8 N/A
Independent Anthony Watts 332 0.7 N/A
Cut The Deficit Simon Strutt 107 0.2 N/A
Majority 12,529 25.9
Turnout 48,344 64.5 −3.8
Speaker hold Swing N/A
General Election 2015: South Thanet[14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Craig Mackinlay 18,838 38.1 −9.9
UKIP Nigel Farage 16,026 32.4 +26.9
Labour Will Scobie 11,740 23.8 −7.6
Green Ian Driver 1,076 2.2 N/A
Liberal Democrat Russell Timpson 932 1.9 −13.2
No description Al Murray 318 0.6 N/A
Manston Airport Independent Ruth Bailey 191 0.4 N/A
We Are The Reality Party Nigel Askew 126 0.3 N/A
Party for a United Thanet Grahame Birchall 63 0.1 N/A
Independent Dean McCastree 61 0.1 N/A
Al-Zebabist Nation of Ooog Robert George Zebadiah Abu-Obadiah 30 0.05 N/A
Majority 2,812 5.7 −10.9
Turnout 49,401 70.4 +5.1
Conservative hold Swing −18.4

Elections to the European Parliament[edit]

Up to and including the 1994 election, British elections to the European Parliament used the first-past-the-post system.

European Election 1994: Itchen, Test and Avon
Party Candidate Votes %
Conservative Edward Kellett-Bowman 81,456 35.4
Liberal Democrat A.D. Barron 74,553 32.4
Labour E.V. Read 52,416 22.7
UKIP Nigel Farage 12,423 5.4
Green F. Hulbert 7,998 3.5
Natural Law A.D. Miller-Smith 1,368 0.6
Total votes 550,406 100.0
Turnout   41.8
Conservative win (new seat)

Since 1999, all British elections to the European Parliament have been done by a proportional representation system, in which each voter votes for one party in their constituency. The seats allotted for the constituency are then divided between the parties depending on their share of the vote.[15]

Elected candidates are named. Brackets indicate the number of votes per seat won.

European Election 1999: South East England[16]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Conservative James Provan, Roy Perry, Daniel Hannan, James Elles, Nirj Deva 661,932
(132,386.4)
44.4 N/A
Labour Peter Skinner, Mark F. Watts 292,146
(146,073)
19.6 N/A
Liberal Democrat Baroness Nicholson of Winterbourne, Chris Huhne 228,136
(114,068)
15.3 N/A
UKIP Nigel Farage 144,514 9.7 N/A
Green Caroline Lucas 110,571 7.4 N/A
Pro-Euro Conservative 27,305 1.8 N/A
BNP 12,161 0.8 N/A
Socialist Labour 7,281 0.5 N/A
Natural Law 2,767 0.2 N/A
Open Democracy for Stability 1,857 0.1 N/A
Making a Profit in Europe 1,400 0.1 N/A
Turnout 1,490,069 24.7 N/A
European Election 2004: South East England[16]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Conservative Daniel Hannan, Nirj Deva, James Elles, Richard Ashworth 776,370
(194,092.5)
35.2 −9.2
UKIP Nigel Farage, Ashley Mote 431,111
(215,555.5)
19.5 +9.8
Liberal Democrat Chris Huhne, Baroness Nicholson of Winterbourne 338,342
(169,171)
15.3 0
Labour Peter Skinner 301,398 13.7 −5.9
Green Caroline Lucas 173,351 7.9 +0.5
BNP 64,877 2.9 +2.1
Senior Citizens Party 42,861 1.9 N/A
English Democrat 29,126 1.3 N/A
Respect 13,426 0.9 N/A
Peace 12,572 0.6 N/A
Christian Peoples 11,733 0.5 N/A
ProLife Alliance 6,579 0.3 N/A
Independent 5,671 0.3 N/A
Turnout 2,207,417 36.5 +11.8
European Election 2009: South East England[17]
List Candidates Votes % ±
Conservative Daniel Hannan, Richard Ashworth, Nirj Deva, James Elles 812,288
(203,072)
34.8 -0.4
UKIP Nigel Farage, Marta Andreasen 440,002
(220,001)
18.8 -0.7
Liberal Democrat Sharon Bowles, Catherine Bearder 330,340
(165,170)
14.1 -1.2
Green Caroline Lucas 271,506 11.6 +3.8
Labour Peter Skinner 192,592 8.2 -5.4
BNP 101,769 4.4 +1.4
English Democrat 52,526 2.2 +0.9
Christian 35,712 1.5 N/A
NO2EU 21,455 0.9 N/A
Libertas 16,767 0.7 N/A
Socialist Labour 15,484 0.7 N/A
UK First 15,261 0.7 N/A
Jury Team 14,172 0.6 N/A
Peace 9,534 0.4 -0.2
Roman Party 5,450 0.2 N/A
Turnout 2,334,858 37.5 +1.0
European Election 2014: South East England[18][19]
List Candidates Votes % ±
UKIP Nigel Farage, Janice Atkinson, Diane James, Ray Finch 751,439
(187,860)
32.14 +13.29
Conservative Daniel Hannan, Nirj Deva, Richard Ashworth 723,571
(241,190)
30.95 -3.84
Labour Anneliese Dodds 342,775 14.66 +6.41
Green Keith Taylor 211,706 9.05 -2.57
Liberal Democrat Catherine Bearder 187,876 8.04 -6.11
An Independence from Europe 45,199 1.93 N/A
English Democrat 17,771 0.76 -1.49
BNP 16,909 0.72 -3.64
Christian Peoples 14,893 0.64 -0.89
Peace 10,130 0.43 +0.02
Socialist (GB) 5,454 0.23 N/A
Roman Party 2,997 0.13 -0.11
YOURvoice 2.932 N/A N/A
Liberty GB 2,494 0.13 N/A
Harmony Party 1,904 0.08 N/A
Turnout 2,348,168 36.5% -1%

Leadership elections[edit]

Source:[20]

UK Independence Party leadership election, 2006
Candidate Votes %
Nigel Farage 3,329 45.0
Richard Suchorzewski 1,782 24.1
David Campbell-Bannerman 1,443 19.5
David Noakes 851 11.5
Turnout 7,405
UK Independence Party leadership election, 2010
Candidate Votes %
Nigel Farage 6,085 60.5
Tim Congdon 2,037 20.3
David Campbell-Bannerman 1,404 14.0
Winston McKenzie 530 5.3
Turnout 10,056

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bennett, Asa (24 June 2016). "Nigel Farage has earned his place in history as the man who led Britain out of the EU". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
  2. ^ Whitehead, Tom (8 June 2009). "European elections 2009: Ukip claims political breakthrough". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  3. ^ Sparrow, Andrew (5 November 2010). "Nigel Farage returns as Ukip leader". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  4. ^ Wintour, Patrick; Watt, Nicholas (26 May 2014). "Ukip wins European elections with ease to set off political earthquake". The Guardian. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  5. ^ "UKIP leader Nigel Farage stands down". BBC News. 4 July 2016. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
  6. ^ Farage, Nigel (5 February 2013). "Nigel Farage: Why I will not fight the Eastleigh by-election". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  7. ^ Wilkinson, Michael (5 March 2015). "What is the First Past The Post voting system?". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  8. ^ "UK Parliament Byelection, 9 Jun 1994 - 'Eastleigh'". Election Web. Archived from the original on 5 June 2016. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  9. ^ "Salisbury". Politics Resources. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  10. ^ "Bexhill & Battle". BBC News. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  11. ^ "Result: Thanet South". BBC News. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  12. ^ "Labour and Tories suffer at polls". BBC News. 30 June 2006. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  13. ^ "Buckingham". BBC News. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  14. ^ "Thanet South". BBC News. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  15. ^ "The Voting System". European Parliament. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  16. ^ a b "European Election: South East Result". BBC News. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  17. ^ "European Election 2009: South East". BBC News. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  18. ^ "South East Euro Candidates 2014". UK Polling Report. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  19. ^ "South East". BBC News. Retrieved 31 May 2016.
  20. ^ "UK INDEPENDENCE PARTY (UKIP) LEADERSHIP ELECTIONS 2002-2010". Essex University. Retrieved 31 May 2016.