KTM ETS

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Electric Train Service (ETS)
KTM ETS logo.jpg
ETS 5.jpg
Overview
Native name Perkhidmatan Keretapi Elektrik
Type Inter-city rail
Locale Padang Besar - Butterworth - Ipoh - Kuala Lumpur - Gemas - (Johor Bahru (Opening To 2020))
Stations 44
Daily ridership 5,641 (2015)
Ridership 2.059 million (2015)[1]
(Increase 21.6%)
Website ktmb.com.my
Operation
Opened August 2010; 6 years ago (2010-08)
Owner KTM
Operator(s) KTM Intercity Division
Conduction system With driver
Rolling stock 5 six-car trainset of KTM Class 91
10 six-car trainset of KTM Class 93
Technical
Line length 755 km
Track gauge 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in) metre gauge
Operating speed 140 km/h (87 mph)
Interior of KTM Class 91.
Interior of KTM Class 93.

The KTM ETS, commercially known as ETS which stands for "Electric Train Service", is an inter-city rail service operated by Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad utilizing electric multiple units. The KTM ETS is the second electric train service to be operated by the Malaysian railway company, after the KTM Komuter service.

It is the fastest metre gauge train service in Malaysia that currently operates along the electrified and double-tracked stretch of the West Coast Line between Gemas and Padang Besar on the Malaysia-Thai border by the Malaysian national railway operator, Keretapi Tanah Melayu.

The trains travel up to 140 km/h (87 mph) on electrified metre gauge rail line which can be considered as higher speed rail (HrSR) based on passenger rail terminology instead of high speed rail (HSR). The speed is similar to that of the Kamome Express and Sonic Express in Japan, the Taroko Express and Puyuma Express in Taiwan, and the Tilt Train service in Australia.

However these services use the 1,067mm (3 ft 6 in) gauge. In view of this, there is high possibility KTM ETS service is the only one inter-city rail line recorded in the world using 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge at maximum speed of 140 km/h.

The rail service is currently operated by KTM Intercity Division. It was previously operated by ETS Sendirian Berhad, a fully owned subsidiary of Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad.

Background[edit]

It was introduced by Keretapi Tanah Melayu on 12 August 2010 following the completion of the electrification and double-tracking of the Rawang to Ipoh stretch of the West Coast Line of Peninsular Malaysia. The service was the progressively extended to other sections of the West Coast Line when subsequent electrification and double-tracking works were completed.

Train services[edit]

Launched in August 2010, the service originally operated between Ipoh and Seremban but the KL Sentral-Seremban sector was taken out of service in October 2012.[2]

The service was extended from Ipoh to Padang Besar via Butterworth, the mainland town opposite George Town, with the introduction of the ETS Transit on 10 July 2015, with stops at 24 stations. At the inception of service, only one train service in both directions were introduced. On the following day on 11 July 2015, the ETS Express between KL Sentral and Padang Besar, via Butterworth was introduced, with stops at 15 stations. Again, only one service for both directions were introduced.[3]

Subsequently, on 1 September 2015, an addition service between KL Sentral and Butterworth was introduced,[4] and on 10 October 2015, this service was extended southwards from KL Sentral to Gemas, together with the introduction of a new service between Padang Besar and Gemas.[5] The extension of the KTM ETS service to Gemas utilizes the electrified double-track between Seremban and Gemas which was completed in 2014.

Also on 10 October 2015, a new service was launched between Butterworth and Padang Besar in addition to existing services but this service was subsequently reduced in frequency with the launching of the KTM Komuter Northern Sector.

There have been several revisions of timetables and services since then as more trains became available. The Platinum, Gold and Silver service classes were reintroduced while the terms "ETS Ekspres" and "ETS Transit" are no longer used.

The following train service numbering system has been adopted for the KTM ETS:

KL Sentral - Ipoh[edit]

The KL Sentral-Ipoh ETS service was the first to be launched in August 2010 with the completion of the Rawang-Ipoh Electrification and Double-Tracking Project. The service initially included the sector between KL Sentral and Seremban but was discontinued in October 2012.

Trains operating on this section are currently classed as either ETS Gold with service numbers EG93xx, or ETS Silver with service numbers EG94xx. ETS Gold trains take 2 hours and 20 minutes between KL Sentral and Ipoh, stopping at 10 stations (not including starting station), while ETS Silver trains take 2 hours 30 minutes with stops at 14 stations (again, not including starting station).

Currently, there are 5 ETS Gold from KL Sentral to Ipoh and 6 ETS Gold services on the return Ipoh to KL Sentral route. As for the ETS Silver services, there are 2 for the KL Sentral to Ipoh run, and 1 on the return Ipoh to KL Sentral run.[6]

Railway Station Gold Service Silver Service Gold Service Silver Service Gold Service
EG9302 EG9402 EG9304 EG9306 EG9308 EG9404 EG9310
KL Sentral 0830 1230 1445 1610 1900 2100 2340
Kuala Lumpur 0835 1235 1450 1615 1905 2105 2345
Kepong Sentral 0847 1249 1502 1627 1917 2119 2357
Sungai Buloh - 1257 - - - 2127 -
Rawang 0908 1312 1523 1648 1938 2142 0018
Batang Kali - 1328 - - - 2158 -
Kuala Kubu Bharu - 1331 - - - 2201 -
Tanjung Malim 0939 1344 1554 1719 2009 2214 0049
Behrang - 1352 - - - 2222 -
Slim River 0954 1359 1609 1734 2024 2219 0104
Sungkai 1008 1414 1623 1748 2038 2244 0118
Tapah Road 1020 1428 1635 1800 2050 2258 0130
Kampar 1029 1440 1644 1809 2059 2310 0139
Batu Gajah 1040 1450 1655 1820 2110 2320 0150
Ipoh 1055 1505 1710 1835 2125 2335 0205
Railway Station Gold Service Silver Service Gold Service
EG9301 EG9303 EG9305 EG9401 EG9307 EG9309 EG9311
Ipoh 0500 0730 0900 1100 1300 1600 1800
Batu Gajah 0511 0741 0911 1111 1311 1611 1811
Kampar 0521 0751 0921 1121 1321 1621 1821
Tapah Road 0533 0803 0933 1133 1333 1633 1833
Sungkai 0547 0817 0947 1147 1347 1647 1847
Slim River 0602 0832 1002 1202 1402 1702 1902
Behrang - - - 1209 - - -
Tanjung Malim 0616 0846 1016 1217 1416 1716 1916
Kuala Kubu Bharu - - - 1230 - - -
Batang Kali - - - 1236 - - -
Rawang 0645 0915 1045 1249 1445 1745 1945
Sungai Buloh - - - 1304 - - -
Kepong Sentral 0704 0934 1104 1312 1504 1804 2004
Kuala Lumpur 0716 0946 1116 1326 1516 1816 2016
KL Sentral 0725 0955 1125 1335 1525 1825 2025

Prior to October 2012, ETS Gold trains did not stop at Tapah Road and Sungkai, taking 2 hours 15 minutes. As of 2014, the Gold service stopped at the two stations but no longer stopped at the Sungai Buloh railway station, Kuala Kubu Bharu railway station and Behrang railway station. A platinum service was also in operation which travelled non-stop from Kuala Lumpur to Ipoh in 1 hour 58 minutes, but was removed with the new timetable rescheduling.

The EG92xx services which run between Butterworth and KL Sentral, and between Padang Besar and Gemas which serve both Ipoh and KL Sentral provide the fastest services between Ipoh and KL Sentral. The fastest are the EG9231/EG9232 and EG9246/EG9247 ETS platinum services which take about 2 hours' journey time between Ipoh and KL Sentral with just one stop at Kuala Lumpur station.

Ipoh - Butterworth - Padang Besar[edit]

Butterworth-bound ETS Ekspres train from Padang Besar at Bukit Mertajam station on 6 August 2015.

The service between Ipoh and Padang Besar via Butterworth was the second KTM ETS service to be launched by Keretapi Tanah Melayu. It began operating on 10 July 2015, one day before the service between KL Sentral and Padang Besar.[7] The service was originally branded as the ETS Transit.

Train on the Ipoh-Butterworth-Padang Besar sector have numbers EG95xx.

At the time of launch, only one ETS Transit was available for each direction between Ipoh and Padang Besar, with service provided by one train set. On 10 October 2015, an additional service between Butterworth and Padang Besar began operating.

When launched on 10 July 2015, the one-way journey took between 4 hours 15 minutes and 4 hours 50 minutes with stops at all 23 stations between Ipoh and Padang Besar, including twice at Bukit Mertajam and Bukit Tengah on the Bukit Mertajam-Butterworth branch line. However, a new schedule on 1 September 2015 saw the Simpang Ampat and Bukit Tengah stations being skipped.

On 1 January 2016, the service between Butterworth and Padang Besar (EG 9501 and EG 9502) were scrapped with the introduction of the KTM Komuter Northern Sector run along this section.[8] The remaining Ipoh-Padang Besar service (EG 9500 and 9603) were also reduced to running between Mondays and Thursdays.

Train direction Ipoh - Padang Besar Padang Besar - Ipoh
Train No EG 9500 EG 9503
Ipoh 0530 2055
Tasek 0537 2048
Sungai Siput 0548 2037
Kuala Kangsar 0559 2026
Padang Rengas 0606 2019
Taiping 0620 2005
Kamunting 0625 2000
Bagan Serai 0642 1943
Parit Buntar 0649 1936
Nibong Tebal 0653 1932
Bukit Mertajam 0707 1918
Butterworth 0728 1908
Bukit Mertajam 0737 1848
Tasek Gelugor 0748 1837
Sungai Petani 0757 1828
Gurun 0808 1817
Kobah 0817 1808
Alor Setar 0830 1755
Anak Bukit 0835 1750
Kodiang 0847 1738
Arau 0853 1733
Bukit Ketri 0859 1727
Padang Besar 0910 1715

Gemas - KL Sentral - Ipoh - Butterworth - Padang Besar[edit]

The KTM Class 93 ETS train No 203 leaving Pulau Sebang/Tampin heading towards Gemas at 1435 on 1 November 2015.
A KTM ETS Class 91 at Butterworth just before departing for KL Sentral at 1738 on 6 August 2015.

The third phase of the KTM ETS began operating between KL Sentral and Padang Besar when it was launched on 11 July 2015, one day after the Ipoh-Padang Besar service.[9]

When launched, it was called the ETS Ekspres service, and only one trip a day was put on due to the limied availability of rolling stock. The one-way journey took between 5 hours 15 minutes and 5 hours 30 minutes with stopped at 14 stations, including twice at Bukit Mertajam due to the station being on the Bukit Mertajam-Butterworth branch line.

On 1 September 2015, an additional service for each direction between KL Sentral and Butterworth was launched. This service made more stops between KL Sentral and Ipoh, and one additional stop at Kamunting between Ipoh and Butterworth, compared to the earlier KL Sentral-Padang Besar service.[10]

The fourth phase of expansion for the KTM ETS took place on 10 October 2015 when the service was extended southwards from KL Sentral to Gemas. This saw the KTM ETS service returning to Seremban after being discontinued in 2012.

The Gemas-Padang Besar run skips the Bukit Mertajam-Butterworth branch completely, and proceeds straight from Nibong Tebal to Sungai Petani (and vice versa) via the third side of the triangular Bukit Mertajam Junction, which was constructed as part the Ipoh-Padang Besar Electrification and Double-Tracking Project.

Besides the new Gemas-Padang Besar service, the previous timetable was also revamped and on the same day, the KL Sentral-Butterworth (EG9205/EG9206) service was extended southwards to Gemas and given new service numbers.

ETS trains operating between Gemas and Padang Besar bear train service numbers EG92xx.

Train direction North-bound South-bound
Train No EG9208 EG9204 EG9202 EG9201 EG9203 EG9209
Padang Besar 1510 2105 0745 1615
Arau 1454 2047 0801 1631
Anak Bukit 1439 2032 0814 1643
Alor Setar 1435 2028 0819 1648
Sungai Petani 1409 2001 0845 1714
Bukit Mertajam 1348 - - 1735
Butterworth 1338 - 2125 0745 - 1758
Bukit Mertajam 1315 - 2116 0755 - 1807
Parit Buntar 1300 1931 2100 0810 0915 1822
Kamunting - - 2034 0836 - -
Taiping 1230 1901 2028 0841 0945 1852
Kuala Kangsar 1213 1842 2010 0857 1002 1909
Ipoh 1144 1816 1941 0930 1032 1939
Batu Gajah - - 1929 0941 - -
Kampar 1122 - 1919 0951 - 1958
Tapah Road 1112 - 1909 1001 - 2008
Sungkai - - - - - -
Slim River - - - - - -
Tanjung Malim 1033 1711 1833 1037 1135 2014
Rawang - - - - - -
Kuala Lumpur - - 1727 1145 - -
KL Sentral 0930 1611 1721 1159 1243 2150
Bandar Tasik Selatan 1555 1700 1211 1301
Kajang 1540 1645 1226 1318
Nilai 1519 1618 1253 1344
Seremban 1501 1600 1313 1404
Rembau - 1539 1334 -
Pulau Sebang/Tampin 1428 1526 1347 1435
Batang Melaka - 1513 1359 -
Gemas 1400 1500 1410 1500

Rolling stock[edit]

Class No. Built Cars per Set In service Manufacturer
KTM Class 91 5 6 5 Hyundai Rotem
KTM Class 93 10 6 10 CSR Zhuzhou

First Generation[edit]

Main article: KTM Class 91

Five KTM Class 91 train sets, each comprising six cars, were purchased by Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad for $67 million (USD). The train sets were designed by Marubeni Corporation and jointly built by Hyundai Rotem of Korea and Mitsubishi Electric of Japan.[11] The maximum operational speed of the ETS fleet is 140 km/h but is designed to travel up to 160 km/h.[12] The total length of each train set is 138 m and weighs 231.8 tons. Each carriage is 22.95 m long, 2.75 m wide and 4 m high.[13] Each train set has a passenger seating capacity of 350 and includes on-board facilities including toilets, a buffet car, power sockets per two seats and two LED Televisions per car.

Second Generation[edit]

Main article: KTM Class 93

Ten KTM Class 93 train sets, are in the process of being commissioned to expand ETS service.

The rolling stock were to have been put into operation for the launch of the ETS Ekspres service between KL Sentral and Padang Besar, and the ETS Transit service between Ipoh and Padang Besar. However, reports of problems during the testing and commissioning of the train sets had resulted in the Malaysian land public transport regulator, SPAD, not approving the trains for use in time for the launch of the two services on 10 July 2015 and 11 July 2015.[14]

As a result, two KTM Class 91 train sets were used for some time, one for the ETS Ekspres, and the other for the ETS Transit, allowing for just one trip for each direction for both services.

The first four KTM Class 93 sets went into service mainly on the ETS Ekspres route on 10 October 2015

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "JADUAL 2.1 : STATISTIK TRAFIK KERETAPI TANAH MELAYU BERHAD (KTMB), SUKU KEEMPAT, 2015" [Table 2.1 : Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) Traffic Statistics, Fourth Quarter, 2015] (PDF) (in Malay and English). Ministry of Transport, Malaysia. Retrieved 31 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "Recent scheduling ETS Services". KTM Intercity. Retrieved 18 November 2012. 
  3. ^ "KL-Padang Besar electric train starts run today". The Star. 10 July 2015. Retrieved 19 July 2015.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  4. ^ "Kenyataan Media:Penstrukturan Jadual Waktu Tren Intercity dan ETS Bermula 1 September 2015 (Restructuring of the Timetable for Intercity dan ETS Trains beginning 1 September 2015)" (PDF). KTM Berhad. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  5. ^ "Kenyataan Media:Penstrukturan Jadual Waktu Tren Intercity dan ETS Bermula 10 Oktober 2015 (Restructuring of the Timetable for Intercity dan ETS Trains beginning 10 October 2015)" (PDF). KTM Berhad. Retrieved 16 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Based on timetable available at http://homepage.ktmb.com.my/ktmb/index.php?r=portal/left&id=NkE5YnRiamg4ZjdGY0lmUVE4cWJhUT09&sub=cEdPVDZma1o0MmU0VlpRQloxWkh5QT09
  7. ^ "Media Release" (PDF). KTM. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  8. ^ "Notice" (PDF). KTM. Retrieved 28 January 2016. 
  9. ^ "Media Release" (PDF). KTM. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  10. ^ "Restructuring of the timetable for Intercity and ETS trains beginning 1 September 2015 (in Malay)" (PDF). Keretapi Tanah Melayu. Retrieved 3 September 2015. 
  11. ^ "Marubeni Gets $67 Million Malaysia Train-Car Order, Nikkei Says". Bloomberg. Bloomberg. 26 October 2008. 
  12. ^ "Electric trains to reduce travel time". The Star. Central. 24 August 2010. 
  13. ^ "Electric Train Set". Malaya Railway. 
  14. ^ Meng Yew Choong (19 July 2015). "Manufacturer working hard to solve issues with new ETS sets before official handover". The Star. Retrieved 20 July 2015.  External link in |publisher= (help)