Electrical busbar system
Electrical Busbar System some times simply referred to as Busbar system is a modular approach to Electrical wiring, where in instead of standard cable wiring to every single electrical device, the electrical devices are mounted on to a adapter which is directly fitted to current carrying busbar. This modular approach is being used in distribution boards, Automation Panels & other power kinds of installation in an electrical enclosure.
Busbar system is subject to safety standards for design and installation along with electrical enclosure according to IEC 61439-1 and vary by locality, country or region. & the system depends on Allowable Busbar types and sizes are vary according to operating voltage and current carrying capacity,
Content & types of Busbar System
A Busbar system usually contains couple of busbar holders, busbars, Adapters to mount devices, clamps either with protective covering or without covering to powerup or distribute the current from the busbar system & busbar mountable electrical devices.
Electrical busbar systems can be differentiated by the distance between center of each busbar and vary according to maximum current carrying capacity of the system which depends on IEC standards. commonly known busbar system types.
- 40 mm Busbar System (Current carrying capacity upto 300-400 Amps)
- 60 mm Busbar System (Current carrying capacity upto 800-2500 Amps)
- 100 mm Busbar System (Current carrying capacity upto 1250 Amps)
- 185 mm Busbar System (Current carrying capacity upto 2500 Amps)
Advantages & disadvantages over traditional electrical wiring
- Electrically Safe installation upto IP 60 inside the cabinet,
- Drastically reduce space required inside the cabinet
- Easy trouble shooting incase of switch gear failure
- Pre-tested short circuit rating
- Mounting of 2,3,4 or 5 pole switchgear in a single construction
- Time saving during construction of the cabinet
- commercially not viable if the number of switch gears are low
- Specialists needed for construction of the busbar system from a wiring diagram
- lack of adapters for mounting different Electrical devices on the busbar
- Special type of busbars needed to construct busbar system which can carry current more than 800 Amps
|Relevant topics on|
|Wiring practice by region or country|
|Regulation of electrical installations|
|Cabling and accessories|
|Switching and protection devices|
- 10603 – a frequently used MIL-SPEC compliant wire
- Bus Ducts
- Cable Entry System
- Cable gland
- Cable management
- Cable tray
- Domestic AC power plugs and sockets
- Electrical conduit
- Electrical room
- Electrical wiring in North America
- Electrical wiring in the United Kingdom
- Electricity distribution
- Home wiring
- Industrial and multiphase power plugs and sockets
- MIL-DTL-13486 – MIL-SPEC compliant wire
- Neutral wire
- Portable cord
- Power cord
- Restriction of Hazardous Substances Directive (RoHS)
- Single-phase electric power
- Structured cabling
- Three-phase electric power
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- Machine Design, Volume 67, Issues 11-15. California: Penton/IPC. 1995. pp. 91–94.
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- Ines Stotz (2016). "Sichere Energieverteilung schnell und normgerecht geplant". Electro technick (in German). Nuremberg.