Electrically conducting yarn

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An electrically conducting yarn is a yarn that conducts electricity. Conducting yarns are used to manufacture carpets and other items that dissipate static electricity, [1] such as work clothes in highly flammable environments, e.g., in the petrochemistry industry.

There are several methods known to manufacture electrically conductive textiles. The simplest way is to incorporate metal wires or wire meshes into fabrics. Another approach is to use metalized yarns. In staple yarns, it is possible to spin short strands of regular yarns with metal yarns. Electrically conducting yarns may be made of a central metal strand with regular yarn woven around it. [1]

An altogether different approach involves yarns based on conductive polymers, such as polyaniline.[2]

Electrically conductive yarns can also be produced from carbon nanotubes (CNT).[3] [4] Individual CNT-based fibers are spun (wet spinning) into a fiber directly from a solution. The solution either contains pre-made dissolved CNTs or the combination of chemicals required to synthesis CNTs. Tens to hundreds of individual fibers can be woven into a yarn. CNT-based yarns find applications in energy and electrochemical water treatment and can replace copper windings, e.g. in motors, which would improve the efficiency and consequently reduce the use of energy.[5]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Electrically conductive yarn, a patent description
  2. ^ Polyaniline-coated PET conductive yarns: Study of electrical, mechanical, and electro-mechanical properties, Journal of Applied Polymer Science (2006) Volume 101, Issue 3 , Pages 1252 - 1256 doi:10.1002/app.22799
  3. ^ Behabtu, Natnael; Young, Colin C.; Tsentalovich, Dmitri E.; Kleinerman, Olga; Wang, Xuan; Ma, Anson W. K.; Bengio, E. Amram; Waarbeek, Ron F. ter; Jong, Jorrit J. de, Hoogerwerf, R.E., Fairchild, S.B., Ferguson, J.B., Maruyama, B., Kono, J., Talmon, Y., Cohen, Y., Otto, M.J., Pasquali, M. (2013-01-11). "Strong, Light, Multifunctional Fibers of Carbon Nanotubes with Ultrahigh Conductivity". Science. 339 (6116): 182–186. ISSN 0036-8075. PMID 23307737. doi:10.1126/science.1228061. 
  4. ^ Liu, F.; Wagterveld, R.M., Gebben, B., Otto, M.J., Biesheuvel, P.M. (2015). "Carbon nanotube yarns as strong flexible conductive capacitive electrodes". Colloids and Interface Science Communications. 3: 9–12. 
  5. ^ Pyrhönen, Juha; Montonen, Juho; Lindh, Pia; Vauterin, Johanna Julia; Otto, Marcin (2015-02-28). "Replacing Copper with New Carbon Nanomaterials in Electrical Machine Windings". International Review of Electrical Engineering (IREE). 10 (1). ISSN 1827-6679. doi:10.15866/iree.v10i1.5253.