Electricity sector in Spain

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The electricity sector in Spain describes electricity in Spain. In 2008 Spain consumed electricity 88% compared to the European Union 15 average. Spain exported about 3% of the produced electricity in 2009. The volume of renewable electricity rose 5% shares of the electricity use in 2009 compared to 2004 and was about 26% of the electricity use in 2009. The share of nuclear power declined notably between 2004 and 2005. The volume of nuclear power pro person has declined smoothly during 2004–2009.

Electricity per person and by power source[edit]

In 2008, Spanish electricity consumption was an average of 6,523 kWh/person. Spanish electricity usage constituted 88% of the EU15 average (EU15: 7,409 kWh/person), and 73% of the OECD average (8,991 kWh/person).[1]

Electricity pro person in Spain (kWh/ hab.)[1]
Use Production Export Exp. % Fossil Nuclear Nuc. % Other RE Bio+waste Wind Non RE use* RE %
2004 6,489 6,559 −70 −1.1 % 3,739 1,490 23.0% 1,174 157 5,158 20.5%
2005 6,744 6,776 −32 −0.5% 4,244 1,326 19,7% 1,135 71 5,538 17.9%
2006 6,734 6,862 −128 −1.9 % 4,208 1,234 18.3% 1,305 115 5,314 21.1%
2008 6,523 6,764 −241 −3.7 % 4,066 1,286 19,7% 1,318 94 5,111 21.6%
2009 6,145 6,320 −176 −2.9 % 3,582 1,143 18.6% 707* 91 794* 4,553 25.9%
* Other RE is waterpower, solar and geothermal electricity and wind power until 2008
* Non RE use = use − production of renewable electricity
* RE % = (production of RE / use) * 100% Note: European Union calculates the share of renewable energies in gross electrical consumption.

Mode of production[edit]

External images
Today's demand and production (Flash)
Today's production by type

According to IEA the electricity use (gross production + imports − exports − transmission/distribution losses) in Spain was in 2004 253 TWh, (2007) 282 TWh and (2008) 288 TWh, while the use was in 2008 in France 494 TWh and Germany 587 TWh.[2]

Electricity production from natural gas in 2008 was in Spain 122 TWh, exceeded in Europe only by Russia 495 TWh, United Kingdom 177 TWh and Italy 173 TWh.[3]

Transmission[edit]

External images
2004 High voltage grid of Spain and Portugal Archive
Collection of current grid maps

Red Eléctrica de España operates around 20,000 km each of 400kV and 220kV power lines.[4]

In 2014, Spain had an electricity interconnection level (international transmission capacity relative to production capacity) of 2% (below the recommended 10% level),[5] effectively islanding the Iberian Peninsula.[6] The 2 GW HVDC INELEF powerline between Spain and France was opened in 2015.[7]

Renewable energy in Spain[edit]

In 2009 Spain produced 13% wind power compare to the use of electricity (794/ 6,145)[8] The wind capacity installed at end 2010 will, in a normal wind year, produce 14.4% of electricity, when the equivalent value for Germany is 9.4%, Portugal 14% and Denmark 24%.[9]

Power stations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Energy in Sweden, Facts and figures, The Swedish Energy Agency, (in Swedish: Energiläget i siffror), Table: Specific electricity production per inhabitant with breakdown by power source (kWh/person), Source: IEA/OECD 2006 T23 Archived July 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., 2007 T25 Archived July 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., 2008 T26 Archived July 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine., 2009 T25 Archived January 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine. and 2010 T49 Archived October 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine..
  2. ^ IEA Key stats 2010 pages 50 and 56
  3. ^ IEA Key stats 2010 pages 25
  4. ^ "Grid manager and transmission agent". www.ree.es. Red Eléctrica de España. Retrieved 5 August 2017. 
  5. ^ COM/2015/082 final: "Achieving the 10% electricity interconnection target" Text PDF page 2-5. European Commission, 25 February 2015. Archive Mirror
  6. ^ "Strengthening interconnections - The Iberian Peninsula, an "electrical island"". Red Eléctrica de España. www.ree.es. Retrieved 6 August 2017. 
  7. ^ "Crossing Mountains to Connect Two Countries". TD world. 8 June 2017. Archived from the original on 21 June 2017. Retrieved 21 June 2017. 
  8. ^ Energy in Sweden 2010, table: Specific electricity production per inhabitant with breakdown by power source Table 49 Archived October 16, 2013, at the Wayback Machine..
  9. ^ Wind in power 2010 European statistics EWEA February 2011 page 11