Electrochemical hydrogen compressor
An electrochemical hydrogen compressor is a hydrogen compressor where hydrogen is supplied to the anode, and compressed hydrogen is collected at the cathode with an exergy efficiency up to and even beyond 80% for pressures up to 10,000 psi or 700 bars.
A multi-stage electrochemical hydrogen compressor incorporates membrane-electrode-assemblies (MEAs) separated by proton exchange membranes (PEMs) in series to reach higher pressures, when a current is passed through the MEA protons and electrons are generated at the anode. The protons are electrochemically driven across the membrane to the cathode, after which they combine with the rerouted electrons to form hydrogen, which is fed to the hydrogen compressor to be oxidized at the anode of each cell to form protons and electrons.
This type of compressor has no moving parts and is compact. With electrochemical compression of hydrogen a pressure of 5000 psi is achieved. Pressure is believed to go beyond 10,000 psi to the structural limits of the design. Water vapor partial pressure, current density, operating temperature and hydrogen back diffusion due to the pressure gradient have an effect on the maximum output pressure.
Electrochemical hydrogen compressors have been proposed for use in hydrogen refueling stations to pressurize hydrogen gas for storage. They have also been applied into novel refrigeration systems to pressurize hydrogen for absorption into metal hydrides or to pressurize other working fluids (such as refrigerants) as demonstrated by winners of the global GE's Ecomagination awards for 2011. These electrochemical compressors are noiseless, scalable, modular and highly efficient without the use of CFC's.
- Guided rotor compressor
- Hydride compressor
- Ionic liquid piston compressor
- Linear compressor
- Timeline of hydrogen technologies
- Concentration cell