# Electronics and Radar Development Establishment

Established 1962 Radar Systems S. S. Nagaraj [1][2] DRDO Complex, C.V. Raman Nagar, Bangalore-560 093 Bangalore, Karnataka DRDO LRDE Home Page

Electronics and Radar Development Establishment (LRDE) is a laboratory of the Defence Research & Development Organization (DRDO). Located in C.V. Raman Nagar, Bangalore its primary function is research and development of Radars and related technologies.[3]

LRDE is sometimes mis-abbreviated as "ERDE". To distinguish between "Electrical" and "Electronic", the latter is abbreviated with the first letter of its Latin root (lektra). The same approach is used with for the DLRL. The LRDE is India's premier Radar design and development establishment and is deeply involved in Indian radar efforts. Its primary production partners include Bharat Electronics Ltd. and various private firms like Mistral in Bangalore, Astra micro in Hyderabad and Datapatterns in Chennai.

## Contents

The DRDO's initial projects included short range 2D systems (Indra-1), but it now manufactures high power 3D systems, airborne surveillance and fire control radars as well. The publicly known projects include:

• INDRA series of 2D radars meant for Army and Air Force use. This was the first high power radar developed by the DRDO, with the Indra -I radar for the Indian Army, followed by Indra Pulse Compression (PC) version for the Indian Air Force, also known as the Indra-II, which is a low level radar to search and track low flying cruise missiles, helicopters and aircraft. These are basically 2D radars which provide range, and azimuth information, and are meant to be used as gapfillers. The Indra 2 PC has pulse compression providing improved range resolution. The series are used both by the Indian Air Force and the Indian Army[4]
• Rajendra fire control radar for the Akash SAM: The Rajendra is a high power, Passive electronically scanned array radar (PESA), with the ability able to guide up to 12 Akash SAMs against aircraft flying at low to medium altitudes. The Rajendra has a detection range of 80 km with 18 km height coverage against small fighter sized targets and is able to track 64 targets, engaging 4 simultaneously, with up to 3 missiles per target. The Rajendra features a digital high speed signal processing system with adaptive moving target indicator, coherent signal processing, FFTs, and variable pulse repetition frequency. The entire PESA antenna array can swivel 360 degrees on a rotating platform. This allows the radar antenna to be rapidly repositioned, and even conduct all round surveillance.[5]
• Central Acquisition Radar, a state of the art planar array, S Band radar operating on the stacked beam principle. With a range of 180 km against fighter sized targets, it can track while scan 200 of them. Its systems are integrated on high mobility, locally built TATRA trucks for the Army and Air Force; however it is meant to be used by all three services. Initially developed for the long-running Akash SAM system, seven were ordered by the Indian Air Force for their radar modernization program, and two of another variant were ordered by the Indian Navy for their P-28 Corvettes. The CAR has been a significant success for radar development in India, with its state of the art signal processing hardware.[6][7]
• BFSR-SR, a 2D short range Battle Field Surveillance Radar, meant to be man-portable. Designed and developed by LRDE, the project was a systematic example of concurrent engineering, with the production agency involved through the design and development stage. This enabled the design to be brought into production quickly.[8][9]
• Long Range Tracking Radar: The LRTR a 3D AESA was developed with assistance from Elta of Israel, and is similar to Elta's GreenPine long range Active Array radar. The DRDO developed the signal processing and software for tracking high speed ballistic missile targets as well as introduced more ruggedization. The radar uses mostly Indian designed and manufactured components such as its critical high power, L Band Transmit-Receive modules plus the other enabling technologies necessary for active phased array radars. The LRTR can track 200 targets and had a range of above 600 kilometres (370 mi) and can detect Intermediate Range Ballistic Missiles. The LRTR would be amongst the key elements of the Indian ABM system.[10]
• 2D Low Level Lightweight Radar (LLLR) "Bharani" for the Army. The LLLR is a 2D radar with a range of 40 km against a 2${\displaystyle m^{2}}$ target, intended as a gapfiller to plug detection gaps versus low level aircraft in an integrated Air Defence Ground network. The LLLR makes use of Indra-2 technology, namely a similar antenna array, but has roughly half the range and is much smaller and a far more portable unit. The LLLR can track while scan 100 targets and provide details about their speed, azimuth and range to the operator. The LLLR makes use of the BFSR-SR experience and many of the subsystem providers are the same. Multiple LLLRs can be networked together. The LLLR is meant to detect low level intruders, and will alert Army Air Defence fire control units to cue their weapon systems.[11]
• BEL Weapon Locating Radar: A 3D radar developed from the Rajendra fire control radar for the Akash system, this radar uses a passive electronically scanned array to detect multiple targets for fire correction and weapon location. The system has been developed and demonstrated to the Army and orders have been placed[12]

Apart from the above, the DRDO has also several other radar systems currently under development or in trials. The systems on which publicly available information is available include:

• Airborne Warning and Control: Ready for delivery as of 2015. A new radar based on Active Electronically Scanned Array technology. The aim of the project is to develop inhouse capability for high power AEW&C systems, with the system covering the development of a S Band AESA array. The aircraft will also have datalinks to link fighters plus communicate with the IAF's C3I infrastructure, as well as a local SATCOM (satellite communication system), along with other onboard ESM and COMINT systems.[14]

## References

1. ^ "Scientist Nagaraj appointed as new Director of LRDE". Chennaionline. Dec 2, 2014. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 3 December 2014.
2. ^ "LRDE Director's Profile". http://drdo.gov.in/drdo/labs/LRDE. DRDO. Retrieved 3 December 2014. External link in `|website=` (help)
3. ^ "Electronics and Radar Development Establishment". Archived from the original on 2008-01-31. Retrieved 2008-02-08.
4. ^ Indra-I radar, image copyright Bharat Rakshak Archived February 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
5. ^ Rajendra Radar, image copyright Bharat Rakshak and DRDO Archived February 26, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
6. ^ "JPEG image of the 3D CAR, image copyright Acig.org". Retrieved 2010-08-31.
7. ^ "IAF modernisation". Economictimes.indiatimes.com. 2008-11-12. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
8. ^ Source: (2005-02-08). "BFSR orders and export push". Finance.indiainfo.com. Archived from the original on 2009-01-10. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
9. ^ "BEL to export anti-infiltration radar to Indonesia". Hinduonnet.com. 2007-08-06. Archived from the original on 2007-10-13. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
10. ^ "Details of LRTR from 2004". Hindu.com. 2005-04-15. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
11. ^ "LLLR Specifications". Media.bharat-rakshak.com. 2007-01-18. Archived from the original on 2007-10-21. Retrieved 2010-08-31.
12. ^ "WLR prototype, image copyright Bharat Rakshak". Bharat-rakshak.com. 2007-01-18. Archived from the original on 2010-08-10. Retrieved 2010-08-31.