Electus D. Litchfield
|Electus Darwin Litchfield|
New York City, New York
Bronx, New York
Electus Darwin Litchfield, FAIA (1872–1952) was an American architect and town planner, practicing in New York City. His firm, Electus D. Litchfield, established in 1926, practiced at 80 Fifth Avenue until he disestablished it in 1950.
Born in New York City, Litchfield graduated from Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute in 1889 and Stevens Institute of Technology in 1892. He worked at various firms in New York, including Carrère & Hastings and Lord & Hewlett, before establishing his own in 1926, designing a number of commercial buildings.
"He was a devotee of municipal beautification." He was one of the main architects and town planners of Yorkship Village, a World War I industrial town of 2,000 homes near the shipyard in Camden, New Jersey. "He was also an architect for the Red Hook slum clearance and housing project, assisted in reconstruction of Bellevue Hospital, and designed the Brooklyn Masonic Temple."
Outside of New York, Litchfield designed "many public and commercial buildings and monuments, including the public library in St. Paul; the National Armory in Washington, and a monument to the Lewis and Clark expedition at Astoria, Ore." He disestablished his firm in 1950.
He was a Fellow of the American Institute of Architects, member of the Architectural League of New York, New York Fine Arts Federation, the Beaux-Arts Institute of Design, and Building Revision Commission (1906–1907), a former director of the Citizens Housing and Planning Council, a founder of the New York Building Congress, and a "former governor of the Society of Colonial Wars of New York, and a member of the General Society of Colonial Wars, the City Club of New York and The Pilgrims."
Rehabilitation of Lieutenant William S. Cox
"Lieutenant Cox had helped carry the dying Capt. James Lawrence below decks of the frigate Chesapeake during a battle with the British at Boston Harbor. As the result of leaving the scene of the fighting while senior uninjured officer, Mr. Cox was demoted.
"For forty years, Mr. Litchfield sought to have the Navy remove the stigma of that decision. On Sept. 8 he won his fight when the Navy presented to him at St. Barnabas a certificate of restoration of Mr. Cox's commission authorized by the President and the Congress."
Death and legacy
He was a lifetime New Yorker, residing at 171 East Seventy-third Street. He died aged 80 at St. Barnabas Hospital (Bronx, New York). He was survived by his widow Elizabeth, daughter Mrs. Elizabeth Lamble of Sarasota, Florida, and son, Burnham Litchfield of Edgartown, Massachusetts.
- "Reminiscences of an Architectural Practice: An Interview with Electus D. Litchfield." American Architect vol. 120 no. 2376 (September 14, 1921). pp. 178–82.
- Overview of Litchfield's career
- Electus D. Litchfield Papers at the Naval Historical Center
- National Register of Historic Places nomination for the Franklin Pierce Tate house, Morganton, NC
- Electus D. Litchfield (1872-1952), Architect and Town Planner Historic Fairview Village
- "E. D. Litchfield, 80, Architect, Is Dead: Civic Leader Here Won Reversal of Grandfather's Demotion in Court-Martial of 1814," New York Times, November 28, 1952, p. 25.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.