Eleginops maclovinus

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Eleginops maclovinus
Robalo Patagonico.jpg
Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Notothenioidei
Family: Eleginopsidae
T. N. Gill, 1893
Genus: Eleginops
T. N. Gill, 1862
Species: E. maclovinus
Binomial name
Eleginops maclovinus
(G. Cuvier, 1830)
  • Eleginus maclovinus G. Cuvier, 1830

Eleginops maclovinus, the Patagonian blenny, Falkland's mullet or rock cod, is a species of notothenioid fish[1] found in coastal and estuarine habitats around southernmost South America, ranging as far north as Valparaíso on the Pacific side, and Uruguay on the Atlantic side.[2] It is also found around the Falkland Islands, where it has been featured on a stamp.[3] It is the only member of its genus, which is the only member of the family Eleginopsidae.[4] Its English names refer to the vaguely blenny-, mullet-, or cod-like appearance, but it is not related to true blennies, mullets, or cods. Locally, it is often called róbalo,[5] a name also used for the common snook.

It is commonly fished in parts of its range.[6] It is an omnivore, tending towards carnivore. In some parts of its range, it is especially fond of Paracorophium,[5] but it is opportunistic, and its exact diet depends on the availability in the habitat where the individual fish lives.[2]

It reaches about 105 cm (3.44 ft) in length, and can live for 10 years.[2] It is a protandric hermaphrodite, and males predominate in lengths below 52 cm (1.71 ft), while female predominate above.[7] It has a diploid number of 48, and a fundamental number of 54.[4]

Religious significance to the indigenous people[edit]

The abundant and nutritious patagonian blenny were apparently not consumed in Tierra del Fuego and the rock art suggests they may have had some religious significance.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.fishbase.org/summary/Eleginops-maclovinus.html
  2. ^ a b c Licandeo, Barrientos and González (2006). Age, Growth Rates, Sex Change and Feeding Habits of Notothenioid Fish Eleginops Maclovinus from the Central-southern Chilean Coast. Environmental Biology of Fishes 77(1): 51-61
  3. ^ WoRMS (2009). Falkland Island Stamps.
  4. ^ a b Mazzei, Ghigliotti, Coutanceau, Detrich, Prirodina, Ozouf-Costaz and Pisano (2008). Chromosomal characteristics of the temperate notothenioid fish Eleginops maclovinus (Cuvier). Polar Biology 31(5): 629-634
  5. ^ a b Pavés, Pequeño, Bertrán and Vargas (2005). Limnetic feeding in Eleginops maclovinus (Valenciennes, 1830) in the Valdivia River, Chile. Interciencia 30(3): 120-125.
  6. ^ Quiñones and Montes (2001). Relationship between freshwater input to the coastal zone and the historical landings of the benthic/demersal fish Eleginops maclovinus in central-south Chile. Fisheries Oceanography 10(4): 311–328
  7. ^ Brickle, Laptikhovsky and Arkhipkin (2005). Reproductive strategy of a primitive temperate notothenioid Eleginops maclovinus. Journal of Fish Biology 66(4): 1044-1059
  8. ^ Fiore, Danae; Francisco, Atilio; Zangrando, J. (2006). "Painted fish, eaten fish: Artistic and archaeofaunal representations in Tierra del Fuego, Southern South America". Journal of Anthropological Archaeology. 25 (3): 371–389. doi:10.1016/j.jaa.2006.01.001. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 

External links[edit]