Elegua

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Elegua
Èṣù-Ẹlẹ́gbára
Member of Orisha
A Santo from a religion..jpg
Elegua depicted as a young man
Other names Eleggua, Eleguá
Venerated in Yoruba religion, Santería, Candomblé
Region Nigeria, Latin America,
Ethnic group Yoruba people
A depiction of Ellegua

Elegua (Yoruba: Èṣù-Ẹlẹ́gbára, also spelled Eleggua; known as Eleguá in Latin America) is an Orisha, a deity of roads in the religions of Santeria, Umbanda, Quimbanda, Candomblé and in Palo Mayombe. He is syncretized with either Saint Michael, Saint Anthony of Padua, or the Holy Child of Atocha.[1][2]

In Africa[edit]

Elegua is known as Èṣù-Ẹlẹ́gbára in the Yoruba religion and is closely associated with Eshu. Ẹlẹ́gbára means the "master of force" in the Yoruba language.[1][2]

Santeria[edit]

Eleguá is known in Cuba as the orisha and "owner" of caminos, or roads and paths. All ceremonies and rituals in Santeria must first have the approval of Eleguá before progressing. He is the messenger of Olofi. Within the "Regla de Ocha"[Cuba], he slightly differs from Echu, who in this case is seen as his brother, by having less dangerous and less aggressive characteristics. Eleguá moves silently; in contrast, Echu "breaks through". Manifestations of Eleguá includes Akefun, Aleshujade, Arabobo, Awanjonu, Lalafán, Obasín, Oparicocha, and Osokere.[2]

There is a pataki (story) in Santeria in which Olodumare gives Eleguá the keys to the past, present, and future; for this reason, Eleguá is often depicted holding a set of keys. A figure of Eleguá may be placed in the house behind the entrance door.[2]

In Brazil[edit]

In Afro-Brazilian religion Elegbara is one of the titles of Exu.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Adeoye, C.L. (1989). Ìgbàgbọ́ àti ẹ̀sìn Yorùba (in Yoruba). Ibadan: Evans Bros. Nigeria Publishers. p. 123. ISBN 9781675098. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Lopes, Nei (2004). Enciclopédia brasileira da diáspora africana. São Paulo, SP: Selo Negro Edições. p. 252. ISBN 9788587478214. 

External links[edit]