Elektrėnai Power Plant

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Elektrėnai Power Plant
Lietuvos elektrinė.JPG
Elektrėnai power plant
Elektrėnai Power Plant is located in Lithuania
Elektrėnai Power Plant
Location of Elektrėnai Power Plant
Official name Lietuvos elektrinė
Country Lithuania
Location Elektrėnai
Coordinates 54°46′15″N 24°38′34″E / 54.77083°N 24.64278°E / 54.77083; 24.64278Coordinates: 54°46′15″N 24°38′34″E / 54.77083°N 24.64278°E / 54.77083; 24.64278
Status Operational
Construction began 1960
Commission date 1972
Owner(s) Lietuvos Energija
Operator(s) Lietuvos Elektrinė AB
Thermal power station
Primary fuel Natural gas
Secondary fuel heavy fuel oil
Tertiary fuel Orimulsion
Power generation
Units operational 9[citation needed]
Nameplate capacity 2,255 MW[citation needed]

The Elektrėnai Power Plant or Lithuania Power Plant (Lithuanian: Lietuvos elektrinė) is an 1,800-MW electrical generating station near Elektrėnai, Lithuania, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) west of Lithuania's capital, Vilnius. It is operated by Lietuvos Elektrinė, a subsidiary of Lietuvos Energija.[1]

The plant was built in stages between 1960 and 1972. The Strėva River was dammed to supply it with cooling water, creating the Elektrėnai Reservoir. As of 2008 the plant comprised eight units fired with natural gas, heavy fuel oil, and a bitumen-based fuel known as Orimulsion, imported from Venezuela. It was designed as a base load plant, and generated about 10 TWh per year until 1992. Its operations were then reduced to about 5% of its capacity, since it acted only as a reserve in the Lithuanian power system. In 2012 9th block had been opened.

After the shutdown of the Ignalina nuclear power plant in 2009, the plant became the primary source of Lithuania's electrical power. Since the plant does not meet European Union environmental guidelines, a number of improvement projects have been proposed. A flue-gas desulfurization project was completed in September 2008.[2] In December 2007, Economy Ministry Undersecretary Arturas Dainius announced that a new 400-MW combined cycle unit would be built at the site as well. The cost of the new unit was estimated at 252 million euros; 57% of the funding will be supplied by the European Union, 33% by the plant, and the remaining 10% by the National Ignalina Decommissioning Fund.[3] In 2012 9th unit had been opened, which cost in total 377 million euros.[4]

The plant also supplies district heating to the town of Elektrėnai, established in 1962 to support its workers.

An interesting feature is that two of the three chimneys of EPP serve also as electricity pylons.