Elena Alistar

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Elena Alistar-Romanescu
Stamp of Moldova 432.gif
Member of the Moldovan Parliament
In office
1917–1918
Personal details
Born(1873-06-01)1 June 1873
Vaisal, Odessa Oblast
Died1955
Pucioasa
Political partyMoldavian National Party
Spouse(s)Dumitru Alistar

Elena Alistar-Romanescu (June 1, 1873 in Vaisal, Ismail County – 1955 in Pucioasa) was a Bessarabian physician and politician who was part of Sfatul Țării from Bessarabia.[1][2]

She was the aunt of writer Magda Isanos.[3]

Biography[edit]

Elena Alistar was born on June 1, 1873, Vaisal commune, Ismail County. According to some historical sources, she was of Bessarabian origin. She was born in a family of priest Vasile Balan . Her mother was Elisabeta Balan.[4][5] She graduated from the primary school of Congaz of Cahul County, and then, attended the Chișinău Eparchial School. There she met the young theologian Dumitru Alistar. They married. After a while, her husband became a priest and she followed him. Since 1890, she worked as a teacher in the such villages as Văleni, Roșu, Zîrnești, Cahul, Rezeni and Chișinău.[4] After her husband death, she was encouraged by the journalist Mihai Vântu to left for Iași, Romania. In 1909-1916, she attended the Medical Faculty of the University of Iași.[6] She was arrested for "nationalistic activity" together with the members of Daniel Ciugureanu group. The group has claimed the need for force liberation of Bessarabia from the Russian influence.[7] In 1916, she was recruited by the army as a military doctor. She continued to practice medicine at Costiujeni Hospital near Chișinău.

She was the member of the Moldavian National Party and was elected as an MP from the Cetatea Albă County for the Sfatul Țării.[8][9] She was the single woman elected as MP known today who actively took part in the political events that led to Bessarabia unification with Romania. On 27 March 1918, voted the Union of Bessarabia with Romania.

Elena Alistar founded the Women's Cultural League of Bessarabia. She was the president of the People's Party, founded by Maresal Averescu, who was also originally from Izmail, Budjak - Historical Bessarabia, Babele commune, which is now in Ukraine. The newspaper "New Romania" was founded and headed by Onisifor Ghibu, in which have been published many articles signed by Elena Alistar.[10] In 1927, she established in Bessarabia the Romanian Women Group.[11] She became famous for her activity for the Romanian Women Orthodox Society which operates under the patronage of Mrs. Alexandrina Cantacuzino.[12] After June 28, 1940, she fled to Romania. After a short stay in Iași, she was arrested by the Communist regime[13] and sent to Pucioasa, Dâmbovița County where she died in 1955.[14] In the few years, she was reburied at the Bellu Cemetery in Bucharest.[15]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clark, Charles Upson: Bessarabia: Russia and Roumania on the Black Sea. Dodd, Mead & Company, 1927. p. 151.
  2. ^ Liceul Alistar
  3. ^ Ecaterina Țarălungă, Enciclopedia identității românești, Editura Litera, 2011, ISBN 978-606-600-246-2.
  4. ^ a b Natașa PETEU: Unica femeie deputat din Sfatul Țării: Elena ALISTAR, un exemplu de conștiință politică
  5. ^ Ion Gherman: Românii din jurul României. editura Vremea 2003. p. 449.
  6. ^ Andrei Brezianu; Vlad Spânu (26 May 2010). The A to Z of Moldova. Scarecrow Press. pp. 32–. ISBN 978-1-4616-7203-6.
  7. ^ Mariana Hausleitner: Deutsche und Juden in Bessarabien, 1814-1941: zur Minderheitenpolitik Russlands und Grossrumäniens. IKGS Verlag, 2005. p. 54.
  8. ^ Ioan Răducea, „Românii din Bugeac”, Revista română, Anul X, nr. 2 (36), iunie 2004.
  9. ^ Iurie Colesnic: Femei din Moldova: enciclopedie. Museum, 2000. p. 12
  10. ^ Iurie Colesnic, Basarabia necunoscută. Articolul: Elena Alistar. Ed. UNIVERSITAS, Chișinău, 1993, pp. 202-207
  11. ^ Iurie Colesnic: Femei din Moldova: enciclopedie. Museum, 2000. p. 15
  12. ^ Francisca de Haan, Krasimira Daskalova, Anna Loutfi: Biographical Dictionary of Women's Movements and Feminisms in Central, Eastern, and South Eastern Europe: 19th and 20th Centuries. Central European University Press, 2006. p. 118.9
  13. ^ Ivănoiu, Tamara: Amintiri din Basarabia
  14. ^ Ioan Lăcustă: De la o unire la alta: memorie sau memorialiști 1859-1918.Editura Albatros, 2005. p. 257
  15. ^ Bejan, Vlad, Românii din sudul Basarabiei, Editura Fundatiei "Axis", Iași 1998 pp.89-90

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gheorghe E. Cojocaru, Sfatul Țării: itinerar, Civitas, Chişinău, 1998, ISBN 9975-936-20-2
  • Mihai Taşcă, Sfatul Țării şi actualele autorităţi locale, "Timpul de dimineaţă", no. 114 (849), June 27, 2008 (page 16)
  • Alexandru Chiriac. Membrii Sfatului Ţării. 1917-1918. Dicţionar, Editura Fundaţiei Culturale Române, Bucureşti, 2001.

External links[edit]