Eleocharis palustris

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creeping spike-rush
marsh spike-rush
common spike-rush
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Eleocharis
Species: E. palustris
Binomial name
Eleocharis palustris
(L.) Roem. & Schult.
  • Scirpus palustris L.
  • Eleocharis eupalustris Lindb. f.
  • and several others

Eleocharis palustris (common spike-rush, creeping spike-rush or marsh spike-rush) is a species of mat-forming perennial plants in the genus Eleocharis (and subgenus Eleocharis) growing in wetlands in Europe, North Africa, northern and central Asia (Siberia, China, Mongolia, Iran, Nepal, etc.) and North America (US, Canada, Greenland, northern Mexico).[1][2][3][4][5][6] Eleocharis palustris is not easily distinguished from other closely related species and is extremely variable worldwide itself.

Subspecies and varieties[edit]

Eleocharis palustris in Rehovot vernal pool, Israel

Numerous names have been proposed for subspecies and varieties. The following are recognized:[1]

  1. Eleocharis palustris subsp. iranica Kukkonen - Egypt, Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan, Pakistan
  2. Eleocharis palustris subsp. palustris - most of species range
  3. Eleocharis palustris var. vigens L.H.Bailey - North America
  4. Eleocharis palustris subsp. waltersii Bureš & Danihelka - Europe and Cyprus