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In ancient Athens, Eleos (Ancient Greek Ἔλεος m.) was the personification of pity, mercy, clemency, and compassion—the counterpart of Roman goddess Clementia.

Pausanias states that there was an altar in Athens dedicated to Eleos,[1][failed verification] at which children of Heracles sought refuge from Eurystheus' prosecution.[2][failed verification] Adrastus also came to this altar after the loss of the battle of Seven Against Thebes, praying that those who died in the battle be buried.[citation needed] Eleos was only recognized in Athens, where he was honored by the cutting of hair and the undressing of garments at the altar.[3][4]

Statius in Thebaid (1st century) describes the altar to Clementia in Athens (treating Eleos as feminine based on the grammatical gender in Latin): "There was in the midst of the city [of Athens] an altar belonging to no god of power; gentle Clementia (Clemency) [Eleos] had there her seat, and the wretched made it sacred".[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece 1. 17. 1
  2. ^ Bibliotheca 2. 8. 1.
  3. ^ Patricia Monaghan, PhD (2014). "Encyclopedia of Goddesses and Heroines". p. 238. Retrieved 2019-02-27.
  4. ^ Scholia to Sophocles's Oedipus at Colonus, 258