|A woman with Elephantiasis tropica|
|Classification and external resources|
|Specialty||Infectious disease, general surgery|
Elephantiasis is gross enlargement of a limb or any organ of the body. There is an abnormal accumulation of watery fluid in affected part,in the tissues causing severe swelling(oedema). It may affect male or female genital organs. It is caused by Nematode Wuchereria bancrofti. Elephantiasis is variety of diseases, where parts of a person's body swell to massive proportions.
Some conditions that have this symptom include:
- Elephantiasis nostras, due to longstanding chronic lymphangitis
- Elephantiasis tropica or lymphatic filariasis, caused by a number of parasitic worms, particularly Wuchereria bancrofti. More than 120 million people, mostly in Africa and Southeast Asia, are affected.
- Nonfilarial elephantiasis or podoconiosis, an immune disease affecting the lymph vessels
- Elephantiasis, Grade 3 lymphedema which may occur in people with breast cancer.
- Genital elephantiasis, end result of lymphogranuloma venereum
- Proteus syndrome, the genetic disorder of the so-called Elephant Man.
- Carlson, Emily (27 March 2013). "Taking the 'Bite' Out of Vector-Borne Diseases - Inside Life Science Series - National Institute of General Medical Sciences". publications.nigms.nih.gov. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
- "Lymphedema". National Cancer Institute. 29 May 2015. Retrieved 29 November 2016.
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