Eles, Tunisia

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This article is about a village in Tunisia. For the Slovenian electricity transmission company, ELES, see Elektro-Slovenija.
Eles, Tunisia
Eles is the site of a large number of megalithic dolmens
Eles is the site of a large number of megalithic dolmens
Eles, Tunisia is located in Tunisia
Eles, Tunisia
Eles, Tunisia
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates: 35°56′55″N 9°5′50″E / 35.94861°N 9.09722°E / 35.94861; 9.09722Coordinates: 35°56′55″N 9°5′50″E / 35.94861°N 9.09722°E / 35.94861; 9.09722
Country Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia
Governorate Siliana Governorate
Time zone CET (UTC1)

Eles (also transliterated as Ellès and Al Las) is a village in the Siliana Governorate, Tunisia. It is located around 35°56′55″N 9°5′50″E / 35.94861°N 9.09722°E / 35.94861; 9.09722 about 13 km northwest of Maktar.[1][2] in Siliana Governorate.[3]

Eles, Tunisia sits over a natural spring at the base of the surrounding hills.

The village is notable for the large number of dolmens found immediately to the west,[4] thought to be from around 2500 BC. BC.[5][6] south and east of the village which are typical of the tombs found around Maktar.[7] A study of fifty-three of the dolmens by Belmonte, Esteban and Jiménez González[8] suggest that some of these tombs may be orientated towards Alpha Centauri. In contrast Hoskin[9] argues that Tunisian dolmen orientations can be explained by the local topography, in that the entrances all face downhill.

The local rock strata are geologically interesting as they provide a particularly good record of the Cretaceous–Paleogene boundary,[10] which is now better known as the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event.

During the Roman Empire and Late Antiquity there was a Roman Town called Ululi.[11][12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Eles, Tunisia at itouchmap.com
  2. ^ Eles, Tunisia at citymap.com
  3. ^ Eles, Tunisia at mapmondo.org.
  4. ^ Description et photos du site d'Ellès (LookLex)
  5. ^ Belmonte, J.A. Esteban, C. and Jiménez González, J.J. (1998). «Pre-Roman Tombs of Africa Proconsularis»: S7–S24
  6. ^ Harbi-Riahi, M. Gragueb, A. Camps, G. M'Timet, A. Zoughlami, J. (1985). Atlas Préhistorique de la Tunisie (8 Maktar) Institut National d'Archéologie et d'Art de Tunis and École Français de Rome [S.l.] ISBN 2-7283-0091-7
  7. ^ Harbi-Riahi et al. 1985:19
  8. ^ Belmonte et al. 1998
  9. ^ Hoskin 2001:206-8
  10. ^ Coccioni and Marsilia 2007
  11. ^ Titular Episcopal See of Ululi, at GCatholic.org.
  12. ^ Ululensis at Catholic heirachy.org.

References[edit]

  • Belmonte, J.A; Esteban C. & Jiménez González, J.J. (1998). "Pre-Roman Tombs of Africa Proconsularis". Archaeoastronomy: Supplement to the Journal for the History of Astronomy. 23 (29): S7–S24. 
  • Coccioni, R.; Marsilia, A. (November 2007). "The response of benthic foraminifera to the K–Pg boundary biotic crisis at Elles (north-western Tunisia)". Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 255 (1-2): 157–180. doi:10.1016/j.palaeo.2007.02.046. 
  • Hoskin, M. (2001). Tombs, Temples, and Their Orientations: A New Perspective on Mediterranean Prehistory. Ocarina Books. ISBN 0-9540867-1-6. 
  • Harbi-Riahi, M.; Gragueb, A.; Camps, G.; M'Timet, A.; Zoughlami, J. (1985). Atlas Préhistorique de la Tunisie (8 Maktar). Institut National d'Archéologie et d'Art de Tunis and École Français de Rome. ISBN 2-7283-0091-7.