Eleusine

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Eleusine
Eleusine indica Habitus BotGardBln0906.JPG
Eleusine indica
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Subfamily: Chloridoideae
Tribe: Cynodonteae
Subtribe: Eleusininae
Genus: Eleusine
Gaertn.
Type species
Eleusine coracana
(L.) Gaertn.[1][2]
Synonyms[3]
  • Elevsine Gaertn., alternate spelling

Eleusine is a genus of Asian, African, and South American plants in the grass family,[3][4] sometimes called by the common name goosegrass.[5][6] One species (Eleusine indica), is a widespread weed in many places. Another species Eleusine coracana, is finger millet, cultivated as a cereal grain in India and parts of Africa.[7]

Species[8][9]
  1. Eleusine africana - Africa (from South Africa to Egypt + Senegal), Madagascar, Comoros, Sinai, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman
  2. Eleusine coracana - tropical Africa; naturalized in parts of Asia (Arabia, India, China, Japan, Indonesia, etc.), Western Australia, Fiji, Micronesia, etc.
  3. Eleusine floccifolia - Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Yemen
  4. Eleusine indica - Asia, Africa, Papuasia; naturalized in Mediterranean, Australia, Americas, various islands
  5. Eleusine intermedia - Kenya, Ethiopia
  6. Eleusine jaegeri - Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Uganda
  7. Eleusine kigeziensis - Ethiopia, Uganda, Zaïre, Rwanda, Burundi
  8. Eleusine multiflora - Kenya, Ethiopia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Yemen, Saudi Arabia; naturalized in South Africa, Mexico, Lesotho
  9. Eleusine semisterilis - Kenya
  10. Eleusine tristachya - Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentina, Chile incl Juan Fernández Islands
formerly included[8]

numerous species once included in Eleusine but now considered better suited to other genera: Acrachne Aeluropus Chloris Coelachyrum Dactyloctenium Dinebra Disakisperma Eragrostis Harpochloa Leptochloa Ochthochloa Sclerodactylon Uniola Wangenheimia

References[edit]

External links[edit]