Eponym of Eleusis
|Parents||(1) Hermes and (2) Daeira; (3) Ogygus|
|Siblings||half-siblings: (2) Immaradus and Semele; (3) Cadmus, Aulis, Alalcomenia, and Thelxinia|
In Greek mythology, Eleusis (/ɪˈljuːsɪs/ ih-LEW-siss) or Eleusinus (Ancient Greek: Ἐλευσῖνι, romanized: Eleusîni, or Ἐλευσῖνα, Eleusîna) was the eponymous hero of the town of Eleusis.
Eleusis was a son of Hermes and the Oceanid Daeira, or of Ogygus. Panyassis wrote of him as father of Triptolemus, adding that "Demeter came to him"; this version of the myth is found in the works of Hyginus and Servius. In other accounts, Eleusis had no offspring.
King Eleusis and Cothonea (Cyntinia), parents of Triptolemus, are visited by Demeter, who rears their son, feeding him divine milk by day and placing him into the fire at night, which makes Triptolemus grow faster than mortal children normally do. She eventually kills Eleusis for intervening when the fire ritual is performed. The myth is closely parallel with the one that deals with Demeter visiting Celeus and Metaneira (also possible parents of Triptolemus) and nursing their son Demophon.
In other accounts, Eleusis appears as a female character.
- ^ Wells, John C. (2000) . Longman Pronunciation Dictionary (new ed.). Harlow, England: Longman. p. 254. ISBN 978-0-582-36467-7.
- ^ Pausanias, 1.38.7
- ^ Cited in Apollodorus, 1.5.2
- ^ Hyginus, Fabulae 147; Servius on Virgil, Georgics 1.19
- ^ Homeric Hymn 5 to Demeter
- ^ "ELEUSIS - Greek Demi-Goddess of Eleusis & the Eleusinian Mysteries". www.theoi.com. Retrieved 2021-09-19.
- Apollodorus, The Library with an English Translation by Sir James George Frazer, F.B.A., F.R.S. in 2 Volumes, Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1921. ISBN 0-674-99135-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
- Gaius Julius Hyginus, Fabulae from The Myths of Hyginus translated and edited by Mary Grant. University of Kansas Publications in Humanistic Studies. Online version at the Topos Text Project.
- The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White. Homeric Hymns. Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.
- Pausanias, Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. ISBN 0-674-99328-4. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library
- Pausanias, Graeciae Descriptio. 3 vols. Leipzig, Teubner. 1903. Greek text available at the Perseus Digital Library.