Pristimantis subsigillatus

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Pristimantis subsigillatus
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Craugastoridae
Genus: Pristimantis
Species: P. subsigillatus
Binomial name
Pristimantis subsigillatus
(Boulenger, 1902)
Synonyms

Hylodes subsigillatus Boulenger, 1902
Eleutherodactylus subsigillatus (Boulenger, 1902)

Pristimantis subsigillatus is a species of frog in the family Craugastoridae. It is found in the lowlands in southwestern Colombia (western flank of the Colombian Massif[2]) and western Ecuador (west of the Andes[3]) up to elevations of 1,162 m (3,812 ft) asl. It is sometimes known as Salidero robber frog (after its type locality) or engraved rainfrog.[4]

Description[edit]

Male Pristimantis subsigillatus grow to a snout–vent length of 19–29 mm (0.75–1.14 in) and females to 30–33 mm (1.2–1.3 in). Skin of dorsum is smooth or very finely shagreened. Colour varies from pale green to light reddish brown. Ventral surfaces are white to pale yellow with brown flecks.[5]

Habitat and conservation[edit]

Pristimantis subsigillatus is an arboreal frog found in tropical moist lowland forests, often near streams and rivers. It is usually encountered at night on medium to high bushes and in arboreal bromeliads. During the day, it shelters in bromeliad axils.[1]

While locally common, the arboreal lifestyle (up to 10 meters above ground[6]) of this frog makes it difficult to find.[1][3] It may be more easily heard than seen. The call is a single, sharp, explosive "tweet".[6]

Pristimantis subsigillatus is potentially threatened by habitat loss and pollution.[1][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Castro, F.; Ron, S.; Coloma, L.A.; Cisneros-Heredia, D. & Morales, M. (2004). "Pristimantis subsigillatus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  2. ^ Acosta-Galvis, A.R. (2014). "Pristimantis subsigillatus (Boulenger, 1902)". Lista de los Anfibios de Colombia V.04.2014. www.batrachia.com. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Mario H. Yánez-Muñoz & Santiago R. Ron (2014). "Pristimantis subsigillatus (Boulenger, 1902)". AmphibiaWebEcuador. Museo de Zoología, Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador (QCAZ). Retrieved 16 December 2014.  (includes photographs)
  4. ^ Frost, Darrel R. (2014). "Pristimantis subsigillatus (Boulenger, 1902)". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  5. ^ Lynch, J. D. (1980). "Systematic status and distribution of some poorly known frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus from the Chocoan lowlands of South America". Herpetologica. 36 (2): 175–189. JSTOR 3891484. 
  6. ^ a b Lynch, J. D.; Duellman, W. E. (1997). "Frogs of the genus Eleutherodactylus in western Ecuador. Systematics, ecology, and biogeography". Special Publication, Natural History Museum, University of Kansas. 23: 1–236. doi:10.5962/bhl.title.7951.