Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo

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Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo
Part of the Italian Front of World War I
WWI - Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo - Italian 75mm anti-aircraft gun.jpg
Italian 75mm anti-aircraft gun during the Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo
Date 18 August – 12 September 1917
Location Soča, near Monfalcone, Italy; Banjšice Plateau, Slovenia
Result Inconclusive
Belligerents
 Kingdom of Italy  Austria-Hungary
 German Empire
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of Italy Luigi Cadorna
Kingdom of Italy Luigi Capello
Austria-Hungary Svetozar Boroević
Strength
600 battalions
5,200 guns
250 battalions
2,200 guns
Casualties and losses
158,000 casualties:
30,000 dead
108,000 wounded
20,000 missing or taken prisoner
115,000 casualties:
20,000 dead
45,000 wounded
30,000 missing
20,000 taken prisoner

The Eleventh Battle of the Isonzo was a World War I battle fought by the Italian and Austro-Hungarian Armies on the Italian Front between 18 August and 12 September 1917.

Background[edit]

On the Soča (Isonzo) River, Luigi Cadorna, the Italian Chief of Staff, concentrated three quarters of his troops: 600 battalions (52 divisions) with 5,200 guns.

Battle[edit]

The attack was carried forth from a front from Tolmin (in the upper Isonzo valley) to the Adriatic Sea. The Italians crossed the river at several points on temporary bridges, but the main effort was exerted on the Banjšice Plateau, whose capture was to further the offensive and break the Austro-Hungarian lines in two segments, isolating the strongholds of Mount Saint Gabriel and Mount Hermada.

After fierce and deadly fightings, the Italian Second Army, led by General Capello, pushed back Boroević's Isonzo Armee, conquering the Bainsizza and Mount Santo. Other positions were taken by the Duke of Aosta's Third Army.

However, Mount Saint Gabriel and Mount Hermada turned out to be impregnable, and the offensive wore out.

After the battle, the Austro-Hungarians were exhausted, and could not have withstood another attack. Fortunately for them (and unfortunately for their opponents), so were the Italians, who could not find the resources necessary for another assault, even though it might have been the decisive one. So the final result of the battle was an inconclusive bloodbath. Moreover, the end of the battle left the Italian Second Army (until then the most successful of the Italian Armies) split in two parts across the Soča (Isonzo), a weak point that proved to be decisive in the subsequent Twelfth Battle of the Isonzo.

To commemorate the participation of the Royal Bavarian Infantry Lifeguards Regiment, Georg Fürst wrote the March "Isonzo-Marsch".

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 45°48′00″N 13°32′00″E / 45.8000°N 13.5333°E / 45.8000; 13.5333