Elgin, Kershaw County, South Carolina

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Elgin, Kershaw County,
South Carolina
Town
Motto(s): 
"Small Town with a Big Heart"
Elgin is located in South Carolina
Elgin
Elgin
Elgin is located in the United States
Elgin
Elgin
Coordinates: 34°10′11″N 80°47′30″W / 34.16972°N 80.79167°W / 34.16972; -80.79167Coordinates: 34°10′11″N 80°47′30″W / 34.16972°N 80.79167°W / 34.16972; -80.79167
CountryUnited States
StateSouth Carolina
CountyKershaw
Area
 • Total1.06 sq mi (2.74 km2)
 • Land1.06 sq mi (2.74 km2)
Elevation
400 ft (100 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,311
 • Estimate 
(2017)
1,550
 • Density1,465/sq mi (565.7/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
29045
FIPS code45-23245
GNIS feature ID2406432
Websitetownofelginsc.com

Elgin is an incorporated town in Kershaw County, South Carolina, United States. It is located approximately 20 miles (32 km) northeast of the center of Columbia, the state's capital, and is the center of one of the ten townships that make up Kershaw County.[1] As of the 2010 census, the town's population was 1,311,[2] and in 2017 the estimated population was 1,550.[3] It is part of the Columbia, South Carolina Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Elgin is located in southwestern Kershaw County at 34°10′11″N 80°47′30″W / 34.16972°N 80.79167°W / 34.16972; -80.79167 (34.169773, -80.791782),[4] along U.S. Route 1, which leads southwest to Columbia and northeast 12 miles (19 km) to Camden, the county seat. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.06 square miles (2.74 km2), all land.[2]

Mainly rural countryside or lightly developed areas, Elgin holds few notable natural landmarks. White Pond, a noted landmark on maps since the early 1800s, has recently attracted scientific attention as one of the deepest ponds in the world. Scientists have exploited its undisturbed nature to take various core samples that could reveal information on temperatures of non-glaciated areas during the Ice Age and of plant and animal life in the area during ancient times.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910116
192015634.5%
193017512.2%
1940146−16.6%
195018325.3%
196032979.8%
197037413.7%
198059559.1%
19906224.5%
200080629.6%
20101,31162.7%
Est. 20171,550[3]18.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

The United States Census Bureau stated in the 2010 census that the town of Elgin held 1,311 individuals, 521 housing units (of which only 484 were occupied), and 375 families of the 1,311 people 1,095 (83.5%) were white, 146 (11.1%) black, 6 (.5%) American Indian, 3 (.2%) Asian, 32 (2.4%) some other race, and 29 (2.2%) of mixed race. About 5% are of Hispanic or Latino descent.

Of the 484 households, over 375 of them held families and of those families 185, or 38.2% of the total households with children under the age of 18. 61.2% of households were of married couples, 4.5% were only male householders, 11.8% were only female householders, and 22.5% of households were nonfamily residences. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.05 people.

Elgin's population age is fairly evenly spread, leaning only slightly toward the younger generations. 29.9% of people are under the age of 20, 26.1% are between the age of 20 and 40, 28.3% are between the age of 40 and 60, 15.7% are over the age of 60. The median for the town is 36.8 years of age.

As of the 2010 census, most of the population, 89.1%, of Elgin is a high school graduate or higher. The median income for a single household was $58,500, with the median family income being $66,350. The median earnings for male workers was $50,341, while median earnings for female workers was only $34,471. 7.8% of families and 9.7% of all people were listed as below the poverty level.[6]

History[edit]

Elgin, previously named "Blaney", and originally "Jeffers", traces its European-American history to a post office established in the area in 1898. The small community that the post office served adopted the name Jeffers after its first postmaster, William T. Jeffers.[1] The community did not see much growth until the Seaboard Air Line Railroad began expansion in the area in 1900. Development occurred near the railroad depot and post office. Seaboard agents, in an effort to increase use of the rail line, promoted business all along its route, including Jeffers. The town, and post office, was eventually renamed Blaney in honor of a New York banker who helped fund the railroad expansion in the region.[1][7] The town of Blaney was officially chartered and incorporated on January 23, 1908.

Blaney's first postmaster, Jesse T. Ross (who served for forty-seven years), was the first man to open a business, together with D. D. Evans. The village erected a brick schoolhouse was erected in 1912. Very little growth was seen in the town during the next 15 years; the Camden Chronicle said in 1927: "I don't think there were fifty people in [Blaney], in fact you wouldn't know it was a town." However, by 1930, Blaney had built its own high school. In 1931 U.S. Highway 1 was completed. A fully paved road extending along the length of the eastern seaboard, it ran parallel to the already established rail line as it cut through Blaney. This offered a new route to bring in tourism and business to the area. It is still the main route into the town today.[1]

In the late 1950s, postwar industrial development took place throughout the West Wateree Area along U.S. Highway 1. In 1958 a deal was closed with the Whitehead Brothers Sand Company, which opened up a $300,000 sand foundry between Lugoff and Blaney.[1] State Senator John West recruited the Elgin National Watch Company in 1962 to relocate to the area. The company was attracted to the unused land and potential labor market to be recruited from nearby Columbia.[7] Residents voted to change the town's name from Blaney to Elgin in a landslide 61-16 vote. In September 1962, plans were confirmed to build a $1 million assembly plant in the town. The plant offered 240 jobs and received over a thousand applications when the hiring process started.

Due to the new plant, the town upgraded the area's water supply system. By 1963, Elgin was drilling wells as part of a new $150,000 water system, and the plant had begun production.[1] In 1967, officials from the Elgin National Watch Company announced that the plant would be sold to B. F. Goodrich, a manufacturer of tennis shoes, due to the company's inability to compete with foreign-made products. That year, the Hardwicke Chemical Company broke ground at a 15-acre site near Elgin.[1]

Elgin's growth has continued in recent years. In 2005, a new sewer system was completed for the town and a new municipal complex was finished to house the town hall, police department, and fire station.[8] The town grew by over 50% between the 2000 and 2010 census, going from 806 to 1311 residents with continued growth expected in the future. Elgin's current mayor is Melissa Emmons.[6]

Transportation[edit]

Since 1931, US Route 1 has been the town's Main Street, running parallel to Interstate 20. Exit 87, 3 miles (5 km) southeast of the town center, provides access from I-20.

Major highways[edit]

Education[edit]

Elgin has a public library, a branch of the Kershaw County Library.[9]

Arts and culture[edit]

Elgin is home to the Catfish Stomp, an annual Christmas parade that takes place every year down Main Street.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Joan A. Inabinet & L. Glen Inabinet (2011). A History of Kershaw County South Carolina. Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina Press.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001), Elgin town, South Carolina". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): South Carolina". Retrieved April 17, 2019.
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ a b "Elgin CDP". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  7. ^ a b "About Elgin, South Carolina". Town of Elgin, South Carolina.
  8. ^ "Elgin". Kershaw County Chamber of Commerce and Visitors Center. Retrieved 7 June 2013.
  9. ^ "Locations & Hours". Greenville County Library System. Retrieved 8 June 2019.

External links[edit]