Elgin, North Dakota

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Elgin, North Dakota
City
Location of Elgin, North Dakota
Location of Elgin, North Dakota
Coordinates: 46°24′13″N 101°50′41″W / 46.40361°N 101.84472°W / 46.40361; -101.84472Coordinates: 46°24′13″N 101°50′41″W / 46.40361°N 101.84472°W / 46.40361; -101.84472
Country United States
State North Dakota
County Grant
Area[1]
 • Total 1.05 sq mi (2.72 km2)
 • Land 1.05 sq mi (2.72 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,356 ft (718 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 642
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 634
 • Density 610/sq mi (240/km2)
Time zone UTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST) UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code 58533
Area code(s) 701
FIPS code 38-23020
GNIS feature ID 1028844[4]
Website elginnorthdakota.com

Elgin is a city in Grant County, North Dakota, United States. The population was 642 at the 2010 census.[5]

History[edit]

Elgin was platted in 1910 when the railroad was extended to that point.[6] The name Elgin was said to be inspired by a citizen's Elgin pocket watch.[7] A post office has been in operation at Elgin since 1910.[8]

On July 4, 1978 an F4 tornado struck Elgin, causing 5 deaths and 35 injuries.[9]

Geography[edit]

Elgin is located at 46°24′13″N 101°50′41″W / 46.40361°N 101.84472°W / 46.40361; -101.84472 (46.403603, -101.844706).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.05 square miles (2.72 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot (and often humid) summers and cold (sometimes severely cold) winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Elgin has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1920429
193050517.7%
194058315.4%
195088251.3%
19609447.0%
1970839−11.1%
198093010.8%
1990765−17.7%
2000659−13.9%
2010642−2.6%
Est. 2016634[3]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
2015 Estimate[13]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 642 people, 339 households, and 167 families residing in the city. The population density was 611.4 inhabitants per square mile (236.1/km2). There were 416 housing units at an average density of 396.2 per square mile (153.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.3% White, 0.9% Native American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.2% of the population.

There were 339 households of which 16.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 5.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 50.7% were non-families. 49.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 32.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.82 and the average family size was 2.59.

The median age in the city was 57.4 years. 17% of residents were under the age of 18; 2.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 14.6% were from 25 to 44; 30% were from 45 to 64; and 35.5% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 45.5% male and 54.5% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 659 people, 316 households, and 170 families residing in the city. The population density was 814.5 people per square mile (314.1/km²). There were 379 housing units at an average density of 468.5 per square mile (180.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.12% White, 1.06% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.76% from other races, and 0.76% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.76% of the population.

There were 316 households out of which 18.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 3.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.9% were non-families. 44.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 25.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 1.91 and the average family size was 2.65.

In the city, the population was spread out with 17.0% under the age of 18, 3.5% from 18 to 24, 16.4% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, and 38.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 56 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $22,391, and the median income for a family was $30,972. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $15,417 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,080. About 8.8% of families and 14.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.9% of those under age 18 and 19.3% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-14.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
  6. ^ North Dakota: Counties - Towns & People, Part III. Watchmaker Publishing, Ltd. 2008. p. 149. ISBN 978-1-60386-342-1.
  7. ^ Federal Writers' Project (1938). North Dakota, a Guide to the Northern Prairie State,. WPA. p. 230. ISBN 978-1-62376-033-5.
  8. ^ "Grant County". Jim Forte Postal History. Archived from the original on 15 January 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  9. ^ http://www.tornadohistoryproject.com
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ Climate Summary for Elgin, North Dakota
  12. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2013.
  13. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 29, 2016.