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Elgin County

Coordinates: 42°45′N 81°10′W / 42.750°N 81.167°W / 42.750; -81.167
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Elgin County
County of Elgin
"Progressive by Nature!"
Location of Elgin County in Canada
Location of Elgin County in Canada
Coordinates: 42°45′N 81°10′W / 42.750°N 81.167°W / 42.750; -81.167
Country Canada
Province Ontario
Organized1851 from Suffolk County
County seatSt. Thomas
 • Land1,845.41 km2 (712.52 sq mi)
 • Total50,069
 • Density27.1/km2 (70/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
Area code519 / 226 / 548

Elgin County (/ˈɛlɡɪn/) is a county of the Canadian province of Ontario with a 2016 population of 50,069. Its population centres are St. Thomas, Aylmer, Port Stanley, Belmont, Dutton and West Lorne. The county seat is St. Thomas, which is separated from the county but within its geographic boundary.



Elgin County is composed of seven incorporated municipalities (in order of population):

The City of St. Thomas is geographically within the boundaries of Elgin County and part of the Elgin census division, but is separated from county administration.

Historical townships

Townships of Elgin County (1877)
Townships of Elgin County (1877)

Originally Elgin County was once part of Middlesex County,[2] which was reorganized as the United Counties of Middlesex and Elgin in 1851.[3] Elgin was named after Lord Elgin, who was Governor-General of Canada at the time.

The County was separated from Middlesex in September 1853.[4]

Historic townships of Elgin County[5]
Township Area Description
Aldborough 75,197 acres (117 sq mi; 304 km2) In the early days it had a forest of oak, chestnut and black walnut. It was first settled in 1804.
Bayham 56,350 acres (88 sq mi; 228 km2) Organized in 1810. It was named for Bayham Abbey in Kent.
Dunwich 69,592 acres (109 sq mi; 282 km2) First settled in 1803. During the War of 1812 only twelve families lived in the township. In 1817 a company of Selkirk's Highlander settled in the Township. The Township is named after Dunwich in Suffolk.
Malahide 69,181 acres (108 sq mi; 280 km2) Organized in 1810, named for Malahide Castle in Ireland, the former home of Thomas Talbot, patriot of the region. The Township was first settled in 1810.
South Dorchester 30,560 acres (48 sq mi; 124 km2) Although surveyed in 1798, it was not settled until 1826.
Southwold 72,898 acres (114 sq mi; 295 km2) Opened for settlement in 1797, however the first colonist arrived in 1809. Named for Southwold in Suffolk.
Yarmouth 69,181 acres (108 sq mi; 280 km2) Surveyed in 1792 and settled in 1810.
Historical map that includes Elgin County (1875)


Elgin County
2016[1], 2011[6], 2006[7], earlier[8]

As a census division in the 2021 Census of Population conducted by Statistics Canada, Elgin County had a population of 94,752 living in 37,278 of its 38,889 total private dwellings, a change of 6.5% from its 2016 population of 88,978. With a land area of 1,878.57 km2 (725.32 sq mi), it had a population density of 50.4/km2 (130.6/sq mi) in 2021.[9]

Notable persons from Elgin County


See also





  1. ^ a b c "2016 Community Profiles". 2016 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ An Act for abolishing the Territorial Division of Upper-Canada into Districts, and for providing temporary Unions of Counties for Judicial and other purposes, and for the future dissolutions of such Unions, as the increase of wealth and population may require, S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 78, Sch. C
  3. ^ An Act to make certain alterations in the Territorial Divisions of Upper Canada, S.Prov.C. 1851, c. 5, Sch. A, par. 35-36; Sch. B
  4. ^ "Proclamation". Canada Gazette. XII (29): 1452–1453.
  5. ^ Middleton, Jesse Edgar; Landon, Fred (1927). Province of Ontario: A History 1615 to 1927. Toronto: Dominion Publishing Company.
  6. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". 2011 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. March 21, 2019.
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". 2006 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. August 20, 2019.
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". 2001 Canadian Census. Statistics Canada. July 18, 2021.
  9. ^ "Population and dwelling counts: Canada and census divisions". Statistics Canada. February 9, 2022. Retrieved April 2, 2022.