Elgin County

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Elgin County, Canada
County (upper-tier)
County of Elgin
Motto(s): "Progressive by Nature!"
Location of Elgin County in Canada
Location of Elgin County in Canada
Coordinates: 42°45′N 81°10′W / 42.750°N 81.167°W / 42.750; -81.167Coordinates: 42°45′N 81°10′W / 42.750°N 81.167°W / 42.750; -81.167
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
Organized 1851 from Suffolk County
County seat St. Thomas
 • Land 1,845.41 km2 (712.52 sq mi)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 50,069
 • Density 27.1/km2 (70/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 519
Website www.elgincounty.ca

Elgin County is a county of the Canadian province of Ontario with a 2016 population of 50,069. Its population centres are Aylmer, Port Stanley, Belmont, Dutton and West Lorne. The county seat is St. Thomas, which is separated from the county but within its geographic boundary.


Elgin County is composed of seven incorporated municipalities (in order of population):

The City of St. Thomas is geographically within the boundaries of Elgin County and part of the Elgin census division, but is separated from county administration.

Historical townships[edit]

Townships of Elgin County (1877)

Originally Elgin County was once part of Middlesex County,[2] which was reorganized as the United Counties of Middlesex and Elgin in 1851.[3] Elgin was named after Lord Elgin, who was Governor-General of Canada at the time.

The County was separated from Middlesex in September 1853.[4]

Historic townships of Elgin County[5]
Township Area Description
Aldborough 75,197 acres (117 sq mi; 304 km2) In the early days it had a forest of oak, chestnut and black walnut. It was first settled in 1804.
Bayham 56,350 acres (88 sq mi; 228 km2) Organized in 1810. It was named for Bayham Abbey in Kent.
Dunwich 69,592 acres (109 sq mi; 282 km2) First settled in 1803. During the War of 1812 only twelve families lived in the township. In 1817 a company of Selkirk's Highlander settled in the Township The Township is named after Dunwich in Suffolk.
Malahide 69,181 acres (108 sq mi; 280 km2) Organized in 1810, named for Malahide Castle in Ireland, the former home of Thomas Talbot, patriot of the region. The Township was first settled in 1810.
South Dorchester 30,560 acres (48 sq mi; 124 km2) Although surveyed in 1798, it was not settled until 1826.
Southwold 72,898 acres (114 sq mi; 295 km2) Opened for settlement in 1797, however the first colonist arrived in 1809. Named for Southwold in Suffolk.
Yarmouth 69,181 acres (108 sq mi; 280 km2) Surveyed in 1792 and settled in 1810.


Historic population:

  • 2016: 50,069 (5-year growth rate: 1.0%)
  • 2011: 49,556 (5-year growth rate: 0.6%)
  • 2006: 49,241 (5-year growth rate: 2.0%)
  • 2001: 48,250 (5-year growth rate: 1.2%)
  • 1996: 47,752

Figures below are for the Elgin census division, which combines Elgin County and the City of St. Thomas.

Canada census – Elgin County community profile
2011 2006
Population: 87,461 (2.5% from 2006) 85,351 (4.7% from 2001)
Land area: 1,880.90 km2 (726.22 sq mi) 1,880.84 km2 (726.20 sq mi)
Population density: 46.5/km2 (120/sq mi) 45.4/km2 (118/sq mi)
Median age: 39.1 (M: 38.1, F: 40.0)
Total private dwellings: 35,348 33,634
Median household income:
References: 2011[6] 2006[7] earlier[8]

Notable persons from Elgin County[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Elgin census division census profile". 2016 Census of Population. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  2. ^ An Act for abolishing the Territorial Division of Upper-Canada into Districts, and for providing temporary Unions of Counties for Judicial and other purposes, and for the future dissolutions of such Unions, as the increase of wealth and population may require, S.Prov.C. 1849, c. 78, Sch. C
  3. ^ An Act to make certain alterations in the Territorial Divisions of Upper Canada, S.Prov.C. 1851, c. 5, Sch. A, par. 35-36; Sch. B
  4. ^ "Proclamation". Canada Gazette. XII (29): 1452–1453. 
  5. ^ Middleton, Jesse Edgar; Landon, Fred (1927). Province of Ontario: A History 1615 to 1927. Toronto: Dominion Publishing Company. 
  6. ^ "2011 Community Profiles". Canada 2011 Census. Statistics Canada. July 5, 2013. Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  7. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-28. 
  8. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. 

External links[edit]