|Born||August 15, 1860
|Died||August 18, 1915 (aged 55)
|1882||Johns Hopkins (football)|
|Coaching career (HC unless noted)|
|Head coaching record|
Early life and college
Gould was born in Ottawa, Ontario on August 15, 1860. He attended college at the University of Toronto and received a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1881. The following year, he emigrated to the United States and attended Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. From 1882 to 1884, he held a Fellowship in the history and political science departments under Herbert Baxter Adams. He also played a role in increasing the importance of lacrosse at Johns Hopkins. In 1883, Gould coached the first official lacrosse Johns Hopkins lacrosse team. That inaugural season consisted of one game, in which Hopkins lost to the Druid Lacrosse Club, 4–0, on May 11. Gould also played on the first Johns Hopkins football team. Gould befriended future President Woodrow Wilson while attending the university.
He spent some time working as an assistant to statistician Carroll D. Wright at the Department of Labor in Washington, D.C. Gould received his Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins in 1886. He married Mary Hurst née Purnell of Baltimore in 1887, and they had six children, two of whom died in infancy. One of their sons, Erl Clinton Barker Gould, was an original member of the First Yale Unit prior to World War I.
Gould was then employed by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, which sent him to Europe to study living conditions of laborers. In 1892, he returned to Johns Hopkins University, and taught social sciences there until 1897. Gould then taught as a professor at the University of Chicago.
He moved to New York City where he was tasked with helping to address the city's congestion and poor housing conditions. Gould served as the city chamberlain under Mayor Seth Low. He was also a founder of the Citizens Union, a government watchdog organization established to oppose the Tammany Hall political machine.
Gould's work often concerned city sanitation and living conditions. One source wrote that he was "a major proponent of the idea of philanthropic housing". He suggested that entrepreneurs build working-class housing outside of the cities, where commuters would travel by streetcar, an emerging form of transportation at the time. His goal was to reduce the congestion and crowding in the tenement neighborhoods.
He authored at least two books, The Social Condition of Labor in 1893, and the "influential 1895 volume", The Housing of the Working People. Gould was killed in a horseback riding accident on August 18, 1915 in Cartier, Ontario.
- The Johns Hopkins Alumni Magazine: Published in the Interest of the University and the Alumni, Volume 4, p. 82, The Johns Hopkins Alumni Association, 1915.
- Puck Purnell, Erl Clinton Barker Gould, The Millionaires' Unit Documentary Film, retrieved July 14, 2010.
- Charbel Barakat, Men's team has 119 years of history backing it up; From humble, 19th-century beginnings to the Olympic Gold Medal in 1928 and 1932, JHU lax has done it all, The Johns Hopkins News-Letter, March 2, 2002.
- David G. Pietramala and Neil Grauer,Lacrosse: Technique and Tradition; The Second Edition of the Bob Scott Classic, p. 230, JHU Press, 2006, ISBN 0-8018-8410-1.
- The Johns Hopkins Alumni Magazine: Published in the Interest of the University and the Alumni, Volume 4, p. 16, The Johns Hopkins Alumni Association, 1915.
- The Lancet, Volume 2: A Journal of British and Foreign Medicine, Surgery, Obstetrics, Physiology, Chemistry, Pharmacology, Public Health, and News, p. 399, December 1891.
- Medical Record, Volume 40, p. 342, 1891.
- Conceiving the future: Pronatalism, Reproduction, and the Family in the United States, 1890-1938, p. 61, UNC Press, 2007, ISBN 0-8078-5803-X.
- Howard Gillette, Jr., Civitas by Design: Building Better Communities, from the Garden City to the New Urbanism, p. 7, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2010, ISBN 0-8122-4247-5.